Mikhail Baryshnikov
Михаил Барышников
Baryshnikov in 2017
Mikhail Nikolayevich Baryshnikov

(1948-01-28) January 28, 1948 (age 76)
Riga, Latvian SSR, Soviet Union
  • Soviet Union (1948–1986)
  • United States (1986–present)
  • Latvia (2017–present)
  • Dancer
  • choreographer
  • actor
Years active1968–present
(m. 2006)
PartnerJessica Lange (1976–82)
Children4, including Shura and Anna

Mikhail Nikolayevich Baryshnikov (Russian: Михаил Николаевич Барышников, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil bɐ'rɨʂnʲɪkəf]; Latvian: Mihails Barišņikovs; born January 28, 1948)[1] is a Latvian and American dancer, choreographer, and actor.[2] He was the preeminent male classical dancer of the 1970s and 1980s. He subsequently became a noted dance director.[3]

Born in Riga, Latvian SSR, into a Russian family, Baryshnikov had a promising start in the Kirov Ballet in Leningrad before defecting to Canada in 1974 for more opportunities in Western dance. After dancing with the American Ballet Theatre, he joined the New York City Ballet as a principal dancer for one season to learn about George Balanchine's neoclassical Russian style of movement. He then returned to the American Ballet Theatre, where he later became artistic director. Baryshnikov has spearheaded many of his own artistic projects and has been associated in particular with promoting modern dance, premiering dozens of new works, including many of his own.[citation needed] His success as a dramatic actor on stage, cinema, and television, has helped him become probably the most widely recognized contemporary ballet dancer. After his 1974 defection, Baryshnikov never returned to the USSR. Since 1986, he has been a naturalized citizen of the United States.[4] After Latvia declared independence on 4 May 1990, he often returned there; in 2017, the Republic of Latvia granted Baryshnikov citizenship for extraordinary merit.

In 1977, he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and a Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of Yuri Kopeikine in the film The Turning Point. He starred in the movie White Nights with Gregory Hines, Helen Mirren, and Isabella Rossellini, and had a recurring role in the last season of the television series Sex and the City.

Early life

Mikhail Baryshnikov was born in Riga, in the Latvian SSR, Soviet Union, now known as Latvia.[5][6] His parents were ethnic Russians: his mother was Alexandra (a dressmaker; née Kiselyova) and his father was Nikolay Baryshnikov (an engineer). According to Baryshnikov, his father was a strict, nationalist military man, and his mother introduced him to theatre, opera, and ballet.[4] She died by suicide when he was 12 years old.[4]

Dancing career

1960–1974: early years

Baryshnikov began his ballet studies in Riga in 1960, at the age of 12. In 1964, he entered the Vaganova School, in what was then Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). Baryshnikov soon won the top prize in the junior division of the Varna International Ballet Competition. He joined the Mariinsky Ballet, then called the Kirov Ballet, in 1967, dancing the "Peasant" pas de deux in Giselle. Recognizing Baryshnikov's talent, particularly his stage presence and purity of technique, several Soviet choreographers, including Oleg Vinogradov, Konstantin Sergeyev, Igor Tchernichov, and Leonid Jakobson, choreographed ballets for him. Baryshnikov made signature roles of Jakobson's 1969 virtuosic Vestris along with an intensely emotional Albrecht in Giselle.[7] While he was still in the Soviet Union, New York Times critic Clive Barnes called him "the most perfect dancer I have ever seen."

1974: defection to Canada

Baryshnikov's talent was obvious from his youth, but being 5' 5" (165 cm) or 5' 6" (168 cm) tall—shorter than most male ballet dancers—he could not tower over a ballerina en pointe and was therefore relegated to secondary parts.[8][9] More frustrating to him, the Soviet dance world hewed closely to 19th-century traditions and deliberately shunned Western choreographers, whose work Baryshnikov glimpsed in occasional tours and films. His main reason for leaving the Soviet Union was to work with these innovators.

On June 29, 1974, in Toronto while on tour with the Bolshoi, Baryshnikov defected, requesting political asylum in Canada. As recalled by John Fraser, a ballet critic from Toronto who helped Baryshnikov to escape, Fraser wrote down phone numbers of people on a small piece of paper and hid it under his wedding ring. At a banquet after one show he managed to distract the KGB officer who followed Baryshnikov as an interpreter and gave Baryshnikov the paper.[10] Soon, Baryshnikov joined the National Ballet of Canada for a brief time in a guest role.[11][12] He also announced that he would not return to the USSR. He later said that Christina Berlin, an American friend, helped engineer his defection during his 1970 tour of London. His first televised performance after coming out of temporary seclusion in Canada was with the National Ballet of Canada in La Sylphide. He then went to the United States.[13] In December 1975, he and his dance partner Natalia Makarova featured prominently in an episode of the BBC television series Arena.

In the first two years after his defection, he danced for no fewer than 13 different choreographers, including Jerome Robbins, Glen Tetley, Alvin Ailey, and Twyla Tharp. "It doesn't matter if every ballet is a success or not", he told New York Times dance critic Anna Kisselgoff in 1976. "The new experience gives me a lot." He cited his fascination with the ways Ailey mixed classical and modern technique and his initial discomfort when Tharp insisted he incorporate eccentric personal gestures in dance.

1974–1978: principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre

From 1974 to 1978, Baryshnikov was a principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre (ABT), where he partnered with Gelsey Kirkland.[14]

1978–1979: principal dancer with the New York City Ballet

Baryshnikov and Patricia McBride at an event in Buenos Aires, 1979.

In 1978, Baryshnikov abandoned his freelance career to spend 18 months as a principal of the New York City Ballet, run by George Balanchine. "Mr. B", as Balanchine was known, rarely welcomed guest artists and had refused to work with both Rudolf Nureyev and Natalia Makarova. Baryshnikov's decision to devote his full attentions to the New York company stunned the dance world. Balanchine never created a new work for Baryshnikov, but he did coach him in his distinctive style, and Baryshnikov triumphed in such signature roles as Apollo, The Prodigal Son, and Rubies. Jerome Robbins created Opus 19/The Dreamer for Baryshnikov and NYCB favorite Patricia McBride.[15][16]

Baryshnikov performed with the New York City Ballet as a principal dancer for 15 months from 1978 to 1979.[17] On July 8, 1978, he made his debut with George Balanchine's and Lincoln Kirstein's company at Saratoga Springs, appearing as Franz in Coppélia.

On October 12, 1979, Baryshnikov danced the role of the Poet in Balanchine's ballet La Sonnambula with the City Ballet at the Kennedy Center. This was his last performance with New York City Ballet due to tendinitis and other injuries. His tenure there coincided with a period of ill health for Balanchine that followed an earlier heart attack and culminated in successful heart surgery in June 1979. Baryshnikov left the company to become ABT's artistic director in September 1980, and take time off for his injuries.[17]

1980–2002: artistic director of the American Ballet Theatre and White Oak Dance Project

Baryshnikov returned to the American Ballet Theatre in September 1980 as an artistic director, a position he held until 1989. He also performed as a dancer with ABT.[17] Baryshnikov has remained fascinated with the new. As he observed, "It doesn't matter how high you lift your leg. The technique is about transparency, simplicity and making an earnest attempt."[18] Baryshnikov also toured with ballet and modern dance companies around the world for 15 months. Several roles were created for him, including in Robbins's Opus 19: The Dreamer (1979), Frederick Ashton's Rhapsody (1980), and Robbins's Other Dances, with Natalia Makarova.

External videos
video icon Baryshnikov dancing Pergolesi as choreographed for him by Twyla Tharp while touring with the White Oak Dance Project in 1995

From 1990 to 2002, Baryshnikov was artistic director of the White Oak Dance Project, a touring company he co-founded with Mark Morris. The White Oak Project was formed to create original work for older dancers. In a run ending just short of his 60th birthday in 2007, he appeared in a production of four short plays by Samuel Beckett directed by JoAnne Akalaitis.

Baryshnikov was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1999.[19] In 2000, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.[20]

2002–present: Baryshnikov Arts Center and awards

In 2003, Baryshnikov won the Prix Benois de la Danse for lifetime achievement. In 2005, he launched the Baryshnikov Arts Center in New York. For the duration of the 2006 summer, Baryshnikov went on tour with Hell's Kitchen Dance, which was sponsored by the Baryshnikov Arts Center. Featuring works by Baryshnikov Arts Center residents Azsure Barton and Benjamin Millepied, the company toured the United States and Brazil. He has received three honorary degrees: on May 11, 2006, from New York University; on September 28, 2007, from Shenandoah Conservatory of Shenandoah University; and on May 23, 2008, from Montclair State University. In late August 2007, Baryshnikov performed Mats Ek's Place (Ställe) with Ana Laguna at Dansens Hus in Stockholm. In 2012, he received the Vilcek Prize in Dance.[21]

Baryshnikov has performed in Israel three times: in 1996, with the White Oak Dance Project at the Roman theater in Caesarea; in 2010, with Ana Laguna; and in 2011, starring in nine performances of In Paris, a show after a short story by Ivan Bunin, at the Suzanne Dellal Center in Tel Aviv. In a 2011 Haaretz interview, he expressed opposition to artistic boycotts of Israel and called the enthusiasm for contemporary dance in Israel astounding.[4]

Film, television and theater

With Liza Minnelli in Baryshnikov on Broadway, 1980

Baryshnikov made his American television dancing debut in 1976, on the PBS program In Performance Live from Wolf Trap. The program is distributed on DVD by Kultur Video.[22]

During the Christmas season of 1977, CBS brought Baryshnikov's ABT production of Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker to television, with Baryshnikov in the title role, accompanied by ABT performers including Gelsey Kirkland and Alexander Minz.[23] The Nutcracker has been presented on TV many times in many different versions, but Baryshnikov's version is one of only two to be nominated for an Emmy Award.[22]

Baryshnikov also performed in two Emmy-winning television specials, one on ABC and one on CBS, in which he danced to music from Broadway and Hollywood, respectively. During the 1970s and 1980s, he appeared many times with the ABT on Live from Lincoln Center and Great Performances. He has also appeared on several telecasts of the Kennedy Center Honors.[22]

Baryshnikov performed in his first film role soon after arriving in New York. He portrayed the character Yuri Kopeikine, a famous, womanizing Russian ballet dancer, in the 1977 film The Turning Point, for which he received an Oscar nomination. He co-starred with Gregory Hines and Isabella Rossellini in the 1985 film White Nights, choreographed by Twyla Tharp, and was featured in the 1987 film Dancers. On television, in the last season of Sex and the City, he played a Russian artist, Aleksandr Petrovsky, who woos Carrie Bradshaw relentlessly and takes her to Paris. He co-starred in Company Business (1991) with Gene Hackman.

An animated TV series, Mikhail Baryshnikov's Stories from My Childhood, appeared on American PBS networks from 1996 to 1998. The cartoons were produced by the Russian animation house Soyuzmultfilm, and redubbed by American actors, including Jim Belushi, Laura San Giacomo, Harvey Fierstein and Kirsten Dunst. Baryshnikov hosted the show, presenting his favorite folktales, including Beauty and the Beast: A Tale of the Crimson Flower, The Snow Queen, The Last Petal and The Golden Rooster. The episodes were also released on home video.[24]

On November 2, 2006, Baryshnikov and chef Alice Waters were featured on an episode of the Sundance Channel's original series Iconoclasts. The two have a long friendship. They discussed their lifestyles, sources of inspiration, and social projects. During the program, Waters visited Baryshnikov's Arts Center in New York City. The Hell's Kitchen Dance tour brought him to Berkeley to visit her restaurant Chez Panisse. On July 17, 2007, the PBS News Hour with Jim Lehrer featured a profile of Baryshnikov and his Arts Center. He appears, uncredited, in the 2014 film Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit as Interior Minister Sorokin.[25]

In a continuation of his interest in modern dance, Baryshnikov appeared in a 2015 commercial for the clothing designer Rag & Bone with street dance artist Lil Buck.[26]

On stage as an actor

Baryshnikov is a performer in avant-garde theater. His breakthrough performance in Broadway was in 1989, when he played Gregor Samsa in Metamorphosis, an adaption of Franz Kafka's novel. It earned him a Tony nomination.[27]

In 2004, Baryshnikov appeared in Forbidden Christmas or The Doctor And The Patient at New York City's Lincoln Center, and in 2007 in Beckett Shorts at New York Theatre Workshop.[28] On April 11 to 21, 2012, he starred in In Paris, a new play directed by Dmitry Krymov. It was presented on the Santa Monica College Performing Arts Center's Broad Stage and co-starred Anna Sinyakina. Baryshnikov then appeared in the stage adaptation of Anton Chekhov's Man in a Case.[29] Of the production, he said:

I grew up reading Chekhov's stories and plays. I have wanted to explore a Chekhov story for the stage for some time and I'm delighted to bring Man in a Case to Berkeley Rep. Both tales are about solitary men and their self-imposed restrictions. We know very little about the character in the first story, "Man in a Case," except that he teaches classical Greek and he's kind of eccentric and conservative. But then something happens to him that is unexpected. The second story, "About Love," provides an arresting contrast to the first work. At their core both stories are about love. And I think it's a romantic show in many respects that is perfect for Berkeley Rep's audience.

— Mikhail Baryshnikov.[30]

On April 21, 2015, The New York Times reported that Baryshnikov was scheduled to perform a reading of poet Joseph Brodsky's work in Riga in 2015.[31] The performance was called "Brodsky/Baryshnikov," was in the original Russian, and premiered on October 15, 2015. Its international tour began in Tel Aviv in January 2016 and it was staged in New York City in March 2016. (Baryshnikov met Brodsky in 1974, soon after Soviet authorities had forced Brodsky to leave his home country and he moved to the United States. They remained friends until Brodsky's death in 1996.)[31]

Personal life

Baryshnikov receiving his Latvian citizenship passport on April 27, 2017.

Baryshnikov has a daughter, Aleksandra "Shura" Baryshnikova (born 1981),[32] from his relationship with actress Jessica Lange. When Baryshnikov and Lange met, he spoke very little English; they communicated in French instead.[33] He eventually learned English by watching television.[34] From 1982 to 1983 he dated Tuesday Weld,[35] Lange's best friend.[36]

Baryshnikov has had a long-term relationship with former ballerina Lisa Rinehart. They had three children together: Peter, Anna (born 1992), and Sofia. He told Larry King in 2002 that he did not "believe in marriage in the conventional way",[34] but he and Rinehart married in 2006.[37]

Baryshnikov endorsed Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton for president in 2016.[38]


On July 3, 1986, Baryshnikov became a naturalized citizen of the United States.[39] Asked whether he felt like an American, he said, "I like to think like I'm a man of the world. I feel totally Parisian in Paris. Totally Parisian. I have my place here, a lot of close friends and collaborators here, whom I can really feel like I can talk serious business with them. Human business, not 'business' business. Paris was always the dream of my childhood. We grew up on French art, like all Russians. America, United States, North America—it's a new country. Of course, if somebody would ask me to choose either Paris or New York, I would choose New York. But spiritually, somehow, I love Europe."[4]

On April 27, 2017, the Republic of Latvia granted Baryshnikov citizenship for extraordinary merits.[40] The application to the Latvian parliament, along with a letter from Baryshnikov in which he expressed his wish to become a Latvian citizen, was submitted on December 21, 2016. He wrote that the decision was based on memories of his first 16 years living in Latvia, which provided the basis for the rest of his life. "It was there that my exposure to the arts led me to discover my future destiny as a performer. Riga still serves as a place where I find artistic inspiration", Baryshnikov wrote in the letter to the Latvian parliament.[41]

True Russia Foundation

In March 2022, together with economist Sergei Guriev and writer Boris Akunin, Baryshnikov announced the formation of the True Russia foundation to support victims of the war in Ukraine. Baryshnikov condemned the Russian invasion and wrote an open letter to Vladimir Putin slamming his "world of fear". In his letter, Baryshnikov wrote that people of culture who promoted Russian art made more for Russia than Putin's "not-so-precise weapons".[42][43][44] True Russia also aims to become a trilingual art platform.[43] By the end of March, the initiative had raised more than 1.2 million euros.[45]


This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately from the article and its talk page, especially if potentially libelous.Find sources: "Mikhail Baryshnikov" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (June 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Baryshnikov wearing the Kennedy Center Honors, 2000


Film appearances

Film choreographer

Television appearances


Also appeared in "Prodigal Son", "The Steadfast Tin Soldier", "Tchaikovsky Pas de Deux", and "Other Dances", all Dance in America, PBS; Baryshnikov: The Dancer and the Dance, PBS; and Carmen, on French television. "Sex and the City: Aleksandr Petrovsky ", HBO Series

Television work


Television artistic director


Television choreographer


See also


  1. ^ Mikhail-Baryshnikov. Encyclopedia Britannica. June 21, 2023.
  2. ^ Mikhail Baryshnikov Archived February 4, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. ^ Mikhail Baryshnikov (Russian-American dancer) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia Britannica.com. Retrieved on August 31, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e Mikhail Baryshnikov dances his way to Tel Aviv Archived March 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Haaretz
  5. ^ Mikhail Baryshnikov (Russian-American dancer) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia Archived November 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Britannica.com. Retrieved on September 14, 2011.
  6. ^ Krūze, Monta (February 15, 2022). "La Lettonie en revue 15/01/2022 Les adresses de Mikhail Baryshnikov. Les lieux les plus marquants à Riga pour le danseur". eng.lsm.lv (in French). Latvian Public Broadcasting. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  7. ^ "Biography of Mikhail Baryshnikov". John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved January 29, 2008.
  8. ^ Khlopova, Vita (January 27, 2018). "Феномен нашего времени: Михаил Барышников в танце" [Phenomenon of Our Time: Mikhail Baryshnikov in Dance] (in Russian). RBC Style. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  9. ^ Mikhail Baryshnikov: ‘Everything in Russia is a damn soap opera’ Archived October 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, By Sarah Crompton, The Telegraph, July 3, 2013.
  10. ^ "Балет в один конец" [One Way Ballet] (in Russian). Kommersant. September 19, 2005. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  11. ^ "Mikhail Baryshnikov defects from the Soviet Union". CBC News. June 30, 1974. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  12. ^ "Mikhail Baryshnikov". IMDb. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  13. ^ Makarova, Natalia (November 12, 1979). A Dance Autobiography. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 152. ISBN 0-394-50141-1.
  14. ^ Mikhail Baryshnikov Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, website of the American Ballet Theatre.
  15. ^ Koegler, Horst (October 14, 1982). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Ballet. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-311330-9.
  16. ^ Reynolds, Nancy (September 1977). Repertory in Review: 40 Years of New York City Ballet. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-27100-X.
  17. ^ a b c Dance View, article on Mikhail Baryshnikov by Anna Kisselgoff, The New York Times, October 28, 1979.
  18. ^ Baryshnikov, Mikhail (March 12, 1978). Baryshnikov at Work. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-73587-0.
  19. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
  20. ^ Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts Archived March 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Nea.gov. Retrieved on September 14, 2011.
  21. ^ "2012 Vilcek Prize in Dance". Vilcek Foundation. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  22. ^ a b c Brian O'Doherty, Rebecca Krafft (1991). The Arts on Television, 1976–1990; Fifteen Years of Cultural Programming. National Endowment for the Arts. ISBN 9780160359262.
  23. ^ Patrick, K. C. (2000). "Nutcrackers, Notcrackers And Joy To The World". Dance Magazine. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2008.
  24. ^ Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Co. p. 551. ISBN 978-1476665993.
  25. ^ "Can 'Shadow Recruit' live up to past Jack Ryan flicks?". newsday.com. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  26. ^ "Mikhail Baryshnikov and Lil Buck are Mesmerizing in New Dance for Rag & Bone". elle.com. February 6, 2015. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  27. ^ "Biography for Mikhail Baryshnikov". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on September 29, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  28. ^ "Mishas Next Moves". American Theatre. February 23, 2016. Archived from the original on August 30, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  29. ^ "Baryshnikov To Hit Road With 'Man In A Case'". Hartford Courant. October 11, 2013. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  30. ^ "Mikhail Baryshnikov to Bring MAN IN A CASE to Berkeley Rep, 1/25-2/16/2014". BroadwayWorld. October 2, 2013. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  31. ^ a b The New York Times, "Baryshnikov to Perform in a Show Based on Brodsky's Poetry", By Roslyn Sulcas, April 21, 2015.
  32. ^ Winters, John J. (March 15, 2017). Sam Shepard: A Life. Counterpoint Press. ISBN 9781619029842 – via Google Books.[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ Rosenthal, David (March 17, 1983). "Jessica Lange's Latest Life". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  34. ^ a b "CNN Larry King Weekend: Interview with Mikhail Baryshnikov". CNN. May 5, 2002. Archived from the original on December 22, 2007.
  35. ^ "Walter Scott's Personality Parade". The Boston Globe. February 20, 1983.
  36. ^ McCall, Cheryl. "After Raising Cain in 'postman,' Jessica Lange Rears Baryshnikov's Babe—lovingly". June 15, 1981.
  37. ^ Sushil Cheema (October 11, 2010). "Finale for Baryshnikov House". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017.
  38. ^ Fang, M. The Huffington Post August 17, 2016.
  39. ^ "Biographies of Mikhail Baryshnikov Dancers". www.biography-center.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  40. ^ "Saeima grants Latvian citizenship to world famous artist Mikhail Baryshnikov". saeima.lv. Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  41. ^ "Ballet star Baryshnikov could be granted Latvian citizenship". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  42. ^ "Akunin, Baryshnikov and Guriev announced a charity fundraising in support of Ukraine". Afisha London. March 10, 2022. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  43. ^ a b Regensdorf, L. (March 24, 2022). "Mikhail Baryshnikov on a New Group Effort to Support Ukrainian Relief: "Putin's Actions Cannot Stand"" (in Russian). Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  44. ^ Thorpe, V. (March 20, 2022). "Mikhail Baryshnikov: Do not punish Russian artists and athletes for war". The Guardian (in Russian). Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  45. ^ "Mikhail Baryshnikov to Putin: Your Russian world is a world of fear" (in Russian). European Times. June 6, 2022. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  46. ^ "The World Famous Stars of IBC". Varna. 2016. Archived from the original on February 17, 2017.
  47. ^ "History". Moscow International Ballet Competition. 2017. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017.
  48. ^ "2006 Great Immigrants: Mikhail Baryshnikov". Great Immigrants Great Americans.
  49. ^ Kirkpatrick, Emily (November 16, 2022). "Queen Consort Camilla Awards Mikhail Baryshnikov with Royal Honor". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  50. ^ Gelzis, Gederts (April 27, 2017). "Ballet great Baryshnikov granted Latvian citizenship". Reuters.