Richard Dreyfuss
Dreyfuss in 2021
Born
Richard Stephen Dreyfus

(1947-10-29) October 29, 1947 (age 76)
New York City, U.S.
EducationSan Fernando Valley State College
St Antony's College, Oxford
OccupationActor
Years active1964–present
Spouses
(m. 1983; div. 1995)
Janelle Lacey
(m. 1999; div. 2005)
Svetlana Erokhin
(m. 2006)
Children3, including Emily and Ben
Relatives
Signature

Richard Stephen Dreyfuss (/ˈdrfəs/ DRY-fəs; né Dreyfus;[1] born October 29, 1947) is an American actor. He is known for starring in popular films during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, including American Graffiti (1973), Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), The Goodbye Girl (1977), The Competition (1980), Stand by Me (1986), Down and Out in Beverly Hills (1986), Stakeout (1987), Nuts (1987), Always (1989), What About Bob? (1991), The American President (1995), and Mr. Holland's Opus (1995).

Dreyfuss won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1977 for The Goodbye Girl (at the time, the youngest-ever actor—age 30–to win), and was nominated in the same category for Mr. Holland's Opus in 1995. He is the recipient of a Golden Globe and a BAFTA, and was nominated for two Screen Actors Guild Awards in 2002; for his starring role in the CBS drama series The Education of Max Bickford, and his portrayal of Alexander Haig in the Showtime film The Day Reagan Was Shot, respectively.

Early life

Dreyfuss was born on October 29, 1947, in Brooklyn, New York, the second and younger son of Norman Dreyfuss (1920–2013), an attorney, restaurateur and plastics company owner originally from a "violent gang culture in Brooklyn",[2] and Geraldine (née Robbins; 1921–2000),[3] a peace activist. He is the second child of three children. He had an older brother, Lorin Dreyfuss (1944-2021), who was an actor, film producer and screenplay writer, and a younger sister, Cathy.[4] His father Norman suffered from the debilitating physical effects of a mortar explosion at the Battle of the Bulge in World War II, requiring the use of crutches, canes, and special footwear provided by the Army for the rest of his life. He left the family when his son was 21 years old, and remarried more than once; he and his son were not on speaking terms at the time of his death.[2]

Dreyfuss was raised in the Bayside area of Queens, New York.[5] His family is Jewish, descended from immigrants from Russia and Poland; the Dreyfuss family was from Rzeszow.[6][7] He has commented that he "grew up thinking that Alfred Dreyfus and [he] are from the same family" and that his great-grand aunt was Hesya Helfman, one of the assassins of Tsar Alexander II of Russia and the only one to escape execution for the deed.[8][9] His father disliked New York, and moved the family first to Europe,[clarification needed] and later to Los Angeles, California, when Dreyfuss was nine.[10][11] Dreyfuss attended Beverly Hills High School.[11]

Career

Dreyfuss (left) and producer Allan Carr at the Governor's Ball after the 1989 Academy Awards

Dreyfuss began acting in his youth, at Temple Emanuel of Beverly Hills Arts Center and the Westside Jewish Community Center, under drama teacher Bill Miller.[11][12] He debuted in the TV production In Mama's House, when he was fifteen. He attended San Fernando Valley State College, now California State University, Northridge, for a year, and was a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War, working in alternate service for two years, as a clerk in a Los Angeles hospital. During this time, he acted in a few small TV roles on shows such as Peyton Place, Room 222 , Gidget, That Girl, Gunsmoke, Bewitched, The Ghost & Mrs. Muir, and The Big Valley. He played a larger role in an episode in the second season of Judd, for the Defense. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, he also performed on stage on Broadway, Off-Broadway, repertory, and improvisational theater.

Dreyfuss appeared in the play The Time of Your Life, which was revived on March 17, 1972, at the Huntington Hartford Theater in Los Angeles, and directed by Edwin Sherin.[13][14]

Dreyfuss's first film role was a small, uncredited appearance in The Graduate. He had one line, "Shall I get the cops? I'll get the cops." He was also briefly seen as a stagehand in Valley of the Dolls (1967), in which he had a few lines. In 1973 he starred in the CBS pilot Catch-22. He appeared in the subsequent Dillinger, and landed a role in the 1973 hit American Graffiti, acting with other future stars such as Harrison Ford and Ron Howard.[11] Dreyfuss played his first lead role in the Canadian film The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1974), receiving positive reviews, including praise from Pauline Kael.[11]

Dreyfuss went on to star in box office blockbusters Jaws (1975) and Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), both directed by Steven Spielberg. He won the 1978 Academy Award for Best Actor at the 50th Academy Awards ceremony for his portrayal of a struggling actor in The Goodbye Girl (1977), becoming the youngest actor to do so (at the age of 30 years, 125 days old), besting Marlon Brando, who had won his first Oscar in 1955 at the age of 30 years, 360 days old.[11] This record stood for 25 years until it was broken in 2003 by Adrien Brody, who was three weeks shy of age 30 at the time of the 75th Academy Awards ceremony. Dreyfuss is still, however, the shortest to have ever won Best Actor, standing at about 5 foot 4¼ inches tall.[15] In five years, between 1973 and 1978, the films that Dreyfuss appeared in grossed upwards of $900 million.

Around 1978, Dreyfuss began using cocaine frequently; he claims to not remember anything from the production of the 1981 film Whose Life Is It Anyway?. His addiction came to a head in 1982, when he was arrested for possession of the drug after he blacked out while driving, and his Mercedes-Benz 450 SL struck a tree.[11][16][17] He entered rehabilitation and eventually made a Hollywood comeback with the films Down And Out In Beverly Hills in 1986 and Stakeout the following year.[11] Dreyfuss had an important supporting role in the Rob Reiner movie Stand by Me, a 1986 coming-of-age drama/comedy film adapted from Stephen King's novella The Body. Dreyfuss plays the elder Gordie Lachance (played by his Buddy System co-star Wil Wheaton), who narrates the film. In 1988, he reunited with director Paul Mazursky to star in the political farce Moon over Parador.

In 1989, Dreyfuss reunited with Spielberg on Always, a remake of A Guy Named Joe in which he co-starred with Holly Hunter. He had a starring role opposite Bill Murray in the 1991 comedy What About Bob?, as a psychiatrist driven to insanity by a particularly obsessive new patient. That same year, Dreyfuss produced and starred as Georges Picquart in Prisoner of Honor, an HBO movie about the historical Dreyfus Affair.

Dreyfuss in 1997

In 1994, he participated in the historic Papal Concert to Commemorate the Shoah at the Vatican in the presence of Pope John Paul II, Rav Elio Toaff, chief rabbi of Rome, and Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, President of the Italian Republic. He recited Kaddish as part of a performance of Leonard Bernstein's Third Symphony with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra under the baton of Gilbert Levine. The event was broadcast worldwide.

Dreyfuss was nominated for an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his performance as Glenn Holland in Mr. Holland's Opus (1995).[11] Since then, he has continued working in movies, television and the stage. In 2001–2002, he played Max Bickford in the television drama The Education of Max Bickford. In April 2004, he appeared in the revival of Sly Fox on Broadway (opposite Eric Stoltz, René Auberjonois, Bronson Pinchot and Elizabeth Berkley).

In 1997, Dreyfuss recorded a voiceover for the Apple Computer "Think Different" ad campaign,[18] and also provided the voice of the narrator in The Call of the Wild: Dog of the Yukon.

Dreyfuss spent four years as a research adviser at St Antony's College, Oxford, from 2004 until 2008.[19] In November 2004, he was scheduled to appear in The Producers in London, but withdrew from the production a week before opening night. The media noted that Dreyfuss was still suffering from problems relating to an operation for a herniated disc in January, and that the part of Max Bialystock in the play is a physically demanding one. Both he and his assistant for the production stated that Dreyfuss was accumulating injuries that required him to wear physical therapy supports during rehearsals.[20] After Dreyfuss was officially let go from the production he was replaced by Nathan Lane. He ultimately made his West End debut at The Old Vic in 2009.[21]

In 2006, he appeared as Richard Nelson, a gay architect and one of the survivors in the film Poseidon.[22] Dreyfuss portrayed U.S Vice President Dick Cheney in Oliver Stone's 2008 George W. Bush bio-pic W.[23]

Dreyfuss at Italy Lifetime Achievement Awards (2021)

In early 2009, he appeared in the play Complicit by Joe Sutton at London's Old Vic theatre. The production was directed by the theatre's artistic director, Kevin Spacey. Dreyfuss's performance was subject to some controversy, owing to his use of an earpiece onstage, reportedly because of his inability to learn his lines in time.[24][25] According to an article published in 2017, Kevin Spacey groped one of Dreyfuss's sons while the three of them were alone in Spacey's apartment, an allegation that a lawyer representing Kevin Spacey denied. Richard Dreyfuss was focused on learning the lines of his script at the time and did not notice any harassment .[26] He guest-voiced as himself in the "Three Kings" episode of Family Guy in 2009, and later appeared again in the episode "Peter-assment". Dreyfuss guest starred in the sixth season of Weeds as Warren Schiff, Nancy's high school teacher to whom she had lost her virginity.[27]

In 2010, he played Matt Boyd in Piranha 3D.[28]

Dreyfuss was inducted as a "star" on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on October 10, 1996. It is located at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.[29]

Dreyfuss was among 99 other stars at the 2012 Academy Awards – Night of 100 Stars. He did an interview for the Bill Zucker Show with actor/singer Bill Zucker.[30]

In 2014, he appeared with best-selling Abraham Lincoln scholar Ronald C. White in a documentary entitled "Lincoln's Greatest Speech", highlighting Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, appearing as host of the program and reciting Lincoln's speech on camera.

On February 18, 2015, it was announced that Dreyfuss would portray Bernie Madoff in the miniseries Madoff. The first episode was telecast on February 3, 2016, co-starring Blythe Danner.[31][32][33]

On September 25, 2017, it was announced that The Last Laugh will be headlined by Richard Dreyfuss, Chevy Chase and Andie MacDowell,[34][35] and it was released on Netflix on January 11, 2019.[36]

Other work

The Dreyfuss Civics Initiative

Dreyfuss seeks to revive civics education to teach future generations about the power of their citizenship and the principles that hold America together.[37] In 2006, he created The Dreyfuss Civics Initiative (TDCI).[38][39] TDCI is a 501(c)3 designated organization, recognized as of 2008.[40]

On February 16, 2006, he spoke at The National Press Club in Washington, D.C., in hopes of prompting a national discussion on impeachment charges against U.S. President George W. Bush.[41] On November 17, 2006, Dreyfuss appeared on HBO's Real Time with Bill Maher as a panel member to discuss teaching Civics in schools.[42] In 2007, Dreyfuss appeared in the youth voting documentary film 18 in '08.[citation needed]

Politics

Dreyfuss has been outspoken regarding the media's influence in shaping public opinion, policy, and legislation. In the 2000s, he expressed his sentiments in favor of right to privacy, freedom of speech, democracy, and individual accountability.[43] In 2011 and 2014, Dreyfuss was elected to the Common Cause National Governing Board.

In May 2023, Dreyfuss spoke out against the Academy Awards' new diversity guidelines that require films to have met at least two of four benchmarks, including that the lead actors are from underrepresented groups or that at least 30% of the cast and crew come from these groups. During an interview with Margaret Hoover, host of the PBS show The Firing Line, Dreyfuss claimed that the new guidelines "make me vomit". Dreyfuss explained that he was opposed to the guidelines because movie-making is "an art form ... and no one should be telling me as an artist that I have to give into the latest, most current idea of what morality is."[44][45]

Books and articles

In 1995, Dreyfuss co-authored with science-fiction writer Harry Turtledove the book The Two Georges, a novel set in the year 1995 of a timeline in which the American Revolution was peacefully avoided.[46][47] In 2002, he authored One Thought Scares Me...: We Teach Our Children What We Wish Them to Know; We Don't Teach Our Children What We Don't Wish Them to Know about the teaching of civics in American schools.

Personal life

Dreyfuss with wife Svetlana in Cannes in 2013

Dreyfuss married writer and producer Jeramie Rain in the early 1980s, and they had three children: Emily (born 1983), Benjamin (born 1986), and Harry (born 1990). Benjamin was born with Peters Anomaly, a rare genetic eye disorder which, despite many operations, left him blind in his left eye. Dreyfuss and Rain have continued to raise money for ophthalmology centers throughout the United States. After his 1995 divorce from Rain, Dreyfuss married Janelle Lacey in 1999. They divorced in 2005.[48]

In 2006, Dreyfuss discussed his diagnosis of bipolar disorder in the documentary Stephen Fry: The Secret Life of the Manic Depressive, in which Fry (who also has the disorder) interviewed Dreyfuss about his experience being bipolar.[49]

Dreyfuss and Russian-born Svetlana Erokhin married in 2006 and as of February 2020 they live in San Diego, California,[50] although they have frequently visited New York City, London, and Sun Valley, Idaho,[51] where Dreyfuss once lived. They also lived in Carlsbad, California. In February 2008, they bought a $1.5 million house in Encinitas, California, intending to renovate the 1970s structure with green technologies.[52]

During his acting career, Dreyfuss had feuds with some of the people he worked with, most notably actors Robert Shaw and Bill Murray, who costarred with him in Jaws and What About Bob? respectively, and filmmaker Oliver Stone, who directed him in W.[53]

Allegation of sexual harassment

In 2017, writer Jessica Teich accused Dreyfuss of sexual harassment during the filming of an ABC special. Dreyfuss denied the allegations. He said he had been overly flirtatious in his past, and that he regretted that behavior, but he emphasized that he "value[s] and respect[s] women" and is "not an assaulter".[54]

Filmography

Main article: List of performances by Richard Dreyfuss

Awards and nominations

Year Association Category Nominated work Result
1974 Golden Globe Awards Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy American Graffiti Nominated
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actor The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz Nominated
1976 BAFTA Awards Best Actor in a Leading Role Jaws Nominated
1977 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Actor The Goodbye Girl Won
1978 Academy Awards Best Actor Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Won
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actor Won
David di Donatello Best Foreign Actor Won
Saturn Awards Best Actor Close Encounters of the Third Kind Nominated
1979 BAFTA Awards Best Actor in a Leading Role The Goodbye Girl Won
1981 Razzie Awards Worst Actor The Competition Nominated
1988 Golden Globe Awards Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nuts Nominated
1996 Academy Awards Best Actor Mr. Holland's Opus Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Nominated
2002 Satellite Awards Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film The Day Reagan Was Shot Won
Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie Nominated
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series The Education of Max Bickford Nominated
2004 Film Critics Circle of Australia Best Actor The Old Man Who Read Love Stories Nominated
2010 Ride of Fame[55] Ride of Fame Life's work Won
2011 Saturn Awards Best Guest Starring Role on Television Weeds Won
2015 FEST Belgrade Winner Award for lifetime contribution to the art of film Won

Books

References

  1. ^ Usborne, David (January 31, 2009). "Richard Dreyfuss: Out of the wreckage". The Independent. London. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Barber, Richard (September 8, 2017). "Richard Dreyfuss: 'The one topic on which my dad would open up was sex'". The Guardian.
  3. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss Profile". E! Entertainment Television, Inc. Archived from the original on January 1, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  4. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss: 'The one topic on which my dad would open up was sex' | Family | The Guardian". amp.theguardian.com. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  5. ^ "Overview for Richard Dreyfuss". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on April 19, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  6. ^ Jacobs, Andrea (March 1995). "Richard Dreyfuss at middle age: A rebellious Jew finds his own wisdom". The Jewish Advocate. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2019 – via FindArticles.
  7. ^ "Academy Award Winning Actor Richard Dreyfuss Speaks at BHCC". Bunker Hill Community College. United Business Media. February 1, 2007. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2019 – via PR Newswire.
  8. ^ Brozan, Nadine (November 20, 1991). "Chronicle". The New York Times. p. 9. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  9. ^ "BEST STORY EVER: Richard Dreyfuss' Family Connection to Tsar Alexander II's Assassination". YouTube.
  10. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss biography and filmography". Tribute. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2000
  12. ^ Personal interview
  13. ^ WorldCat. Worldcat.org. OCLC 611053954.
  14. ^ "Hollywood Beat". The Afro American. April 8, 1972. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  15. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss Biography Page". IMDb.
  16. ^ "Actor faces cocaine charge". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). wire services. November 13, 1982. p. 2A.
  17. ^ "News - Entertainment, Music, Movies, Celebrity". MTV News.
  18. ^ "Touching: Steve Jobs Voicing One Of Apple's Iconic 'Think Different' Campaign Commercials". Geekologie. October 7, 2011
  19. ^ Smith, David; @smithinamerica (June 24, 2020). "Richard Dreyfuss: 'I was a bad guy for a number of years'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved May 19, 2023.
  20. ^ Adam, Karla. "My musical hell". The Guardian. January 21, 2005
  21. ^ "Dreyfuss in London stage return", BBC News, November 3, 2008.
  22. ^ Malik, Tariq (May 12, 2006). "'Poseidon' Packs Punch of Real Science". Live Science. Purch. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  23. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss is Dick Cheney", comingsoon.net, The Hollywood Reporter, May 22, 2008.
  24. ^ Thompson, Warwick. "Richard Dreyfuss, Sporting Earpiece, Triumphs in New Play", Bloomberg News. January 29, 2009.
  25. ^ Burgess, Kaya; Malvern, Jack (January 29, 2009). "Wired for sound how Richard Dreyfuss remembers his lines". The Times. London, UK. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  26. ^ "Actor Harry Dreyfuss: When I Was 18, Kevin Spacey Groped Me". Buzzfeednews.com. November 4, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  27. ^ Joyce Eng. "Richard Dreyfuss to Appear on Weeds". TVGuide.com. Archived from the original on December 18, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  28. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss reveals why he made 'Piranha 3-D:' "to get money"". Hollywood News. May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  29. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. October 25, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
  30. ^ Zucker, Bill. "The 'BILL ZUCKER SHOW' takes to the Oscars Red Carpet!!" on YouTube. March 19, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  31. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 19, 2015). "Richard Dreyfuss To Play Bernie Madoff In ABC Miniseries".
  32. ^ Strohm, Emily (June 26, 2015). "First Look: See Blythe Danner and Richard Dreyfuss as Ruth and Bernie Madoff". People.
  33. ^ Petski, Denise (June 26, 2015). "'Madoff' Miniseries: Blythe Danner & Richard Dreyfuss As Ruth & Bernie Madoff – First Look". Penske Business Media. Deadline.com.
  34. ^ N'Duka, Amanda (September 25, 2017). "Chevy Chase, Andie MacDowell, Richard Dreyfuss & More Topline Netflix Comedy Film 'The Last Laugh'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  35. ^ McNary, Dave (September 25, 2017). "Chevy Chase, Richard Dreyfuss, Lewis Black to Star in Netflix's 'Last Laugh'". Variety. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  36. ^ Hemmert, Kylie (December 12, 2018). "New Netflix January 2019 Movie and TV Titles Announced". ComingSoon.net. Evolve Media, LLC. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  37. ^ http://www.thedreyfussinitiative.org/initiative/ Archived September 8, 2015, at the Wayback Machine TDCI Website
  38. ^ "Special Report: Actor Richard Dreyfuss says America needs civics lesson". WorldNow and KUSI. KUSI News. August 27, 2014. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  39. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss: Politics Should Be Noble Calling". CBS News. Associated Press. August 21, 2014.
  40. ^ "HuffPost - Breaking News, U.S. and World News". HuffPost. Retrieved January 18, 2023.
  41. ^ "Richard Dreyfus at the National Press Club". Indybay.
  42. ^ "National Retired Teachers Association".
  43. ^ Zweyner, Astrid (April 27, 2006). "Oscar-winner Dreyfuss campaigns against .shaped news." Archived October 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Reuters.
  44. ^ France, Lisa Respers (May 8, 2023). "Richard Dreyfuss on new Oscars diversity rules: 'They make me vomit'". CNN. Retrieved May 8, 2023.
  45. ^ Caplan, Anna Lazarus. "Richard Dreyfuss Criticizes New Diversity Requirements for Oscar Contention: 'They Make Me Vomit'". People. Retrieved May 8, 2023.
  46. ^ "Fiction Book Review: The Two Georges by Richard Dreyfuss, Author, Wallace, Author, Harry Turtledove, With Tor Books". Publishers Weekly. January 3, 1996. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  47. ^ "Uchronia: The Two Georges". www.uchronia.net.
  48. ^ Schindehette, Susan. "Risen from the Ashes, Richard Dreyfuss Faces His Family's Pain with Strength, Not Self-Pity", People March 4, 1991
  49. ^ Owen, Jonathan (September 17, 2006). "Stephen Fry: My battle with mental illness". The Independent. London. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  50. ^ "Richard Dreyfuss on facing down sharks, aliens, and his own demons". CBS News. February 23, 2020. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  51. ^ Friend, Tad. "The Gold Diggers". The New Yorker. May 23, 1999
  52. ^ Mannes, Tanya. "Earth-friendly house in works" Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. The San Diego Union-Tribune. March 9, 2009
  53. ^ Polowy, Kevin (June 26, 2019). "Role Recall: Richard Dreyfuss on doubting 'Jaws,' coping with an abusive Bill Murray on 'What About Bob?' and more". Yahoo!. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  54. ^ Gibson, Earl (November 10, 2017). "Richard Dreyfuss responds to sexual harassment allegations: 'I am not an assaulter'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  55. ^ Photo Flash: Ride of Fame Honors Richard Dreyfuss Broadway World. November 5, 2010.