Jim Aparo
Jim Aparo by Michael Netzer
BornJames N. Aparo
(1932-08-24)August 24, 1932
New Britain, Connecticut, U.S.
DiedJuly 19, 2005(2005-07-19) (aged 72)
Southington, Connecticut, U.S.
Area(s)Penciller, Inker, Letterer
Notable works
Adventure Comics (Spectre)
The Brave and the Bold
Detective Comics
The Untold Legend of the Batman

James N. Aparo (/əˈpær/;[1] August 24, 1932 – July 19, 2005)[2] was an American comic book artist, best known for his DC Comics work from the late 1960s through the 1990s, including on the characters Batman, Aquaman, and the Spectre, along with famous stories such as The Brave and the Bold, "A Death in the Family"[3], and "KnightFall".

Early life

Jim Aparo was born on August 24, 1932, Aparo was raised in New Britain, Connecticut,[4] Aparo took art classes at New Britain High School and while also taking courses at Hartford Art School.[5] Aparo was primarily self-taught by studying and copying comic books. Growing up and taking inspiration from characters such as Superman, Batman, and Captain Marvel. Aparo was influenced by artists such as Alex Raymond and Milton Caniff.[6] Aparo started his comic career later than most artists around the time working in advertising first while sending his art to various comic book publishers.[5] On a summer vacation in Charlton, Aparo ran into Dick Giordano (τhe future executive editor of DC Comics) who saw potential in his work.


Charlton Comics

He attempted to enter the comic book profession in his early 20s, approaching EC Comics, which declined to hire him. He then worked in the advertising industry in Connecticut, often drawing fashion illustrations for newspaper advertisements. He continued to pursue a career in comic books and comic strips while working in advertising.[7]

His first break in the comics field was with the comic strip Stern Wheeler, written by Ralph Kanna, which was published in 1963 in a Hartford, Connecticut, newspaper for less than a year.[8] In 1966, editor Dick Giordano at Charlton Comics hired him as a comic book artist, where his first assignment was a humorous character called "Miss Bikini Luv" in "Go-Go Comics."[9]

Over the next few years at Charlton, Aparo drew stories in many genres—Westerns, science fiction, romance, horror, mystery, and suspense. Most of his work was for standalone stories in anthology titles, but he also drew the historical-adventure feature "Thane of Bagarth" in the comic book Hercules; the superheroine feature "Nightshade" in Captain Atom; the science fiction/Western/comedy backup "Wander" in Cheyenne Kid; and the comic book adaptation of the comic strip The Phantom.[10]

Aparo was paid $15 to $20 per page at his time at Charlton Comics.[6]

Aparo was one of the few artists in mainstream comics at that time to serve as penciller, inker, and letterer for all of his work.[7]

DC Comics

In the late 1960s, Dick Giordano left Charlton for an editorial position at DC Comics and offered Aparo a job drawing the Aquaman comic book. After an initial issue (#40) for which Aparo provided only pencil art, Aparo resumed producing pencils, inks, and letters for most issues of the series until its cancellation. Aparo continued for a time to provide art to Charlton for The Phantom, alternating between the two series month by month as both series were being released on a bimonthly basis at the time.[7]

Eventually Aparo resigned his assignment on The Phantom and worked almost exclusively for the remainder of his career for DC Comics. Aparo's next series assignment at DC was Phantom Stranger. After Aquaman was cancelled, the bimonthly frequency of Phantom Stranger was insufficient to fill his typical production rate of one page per day, so DC assigned him several short jobs such as mystery stories for House of Mystery and House of Secrets.[11]

In 1971, Aparo was assigned a fill-in job as the artist for The Brave and the Bold #98 (Oct.–Nov. 1971). This series routinely featured team-ups of DC's Batman with other characters, in this case, the Phantom Stranger. As the regular artist on the Phantom Stranger's own series, Aparo was considered an appropriate choice.[7] Murray Boltinoff, the editor of The Brave and the Bold, soon assigned Aparo the regular artistic responsibilities for the series (beginning with #100), which he continued until its cancellation with issue #200, missing only a few issues. Aparo even "co-starred" as himself in The Brave and the Bold #124 (January 1976).[12]

During the more than 10 years as the artist for The Brave and the Bold, its bimonthly frequency permitted Aparo to do many other significant works for DC (it became monthly in Nov. 1978). In addition to numerous covers, he served as the regular artist for a notorious series starring a ruthless avenging ghost called the Spectre, which ran in Adventure Comics,[13] and which in 2005 was collected in a trade paperback edition (ISBN 978-1-4012-0474-7). He also provided art for a revival of Aquaman in both Adventure Comics and a continuation of the previously-cancelled Aquaman. He was assigned the solo Batman series in Detective Comics as of issue #437 (Oct.–Nov. 1973)[14] for a rather short time and drew occasional stories for anthology series.[11] Aparo and writer Len Wein introduced Sterling Silversmith in Detective Comics #446 (April 1975).[15] He drew The Untold Legend of the Batman, the first Batman miniseries, in 1980, inking John Byrne's pencils in the first issue and providing full art for the second and third issues.[16] Aparo was one of the artists on the double-sized Justice League of America #200 (March 1982).[17]

When The Brave and the Bold was cancelled in 1983, it was replaced with a series called Batman and the Outsiders,[18] a superhero team led by Batman. This series, which Aparo co-created with writer Mike W. Barr, would be described by DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz as being "a team series more fashionable to 1980s audiences."[19] The Masters of Disaster were among the supervillains created by Barr and Aparo for the series.[20] It would run for several years, continuing with a Baxter paper spinoff titled The Outsiders[21] that did not include Batman and introduced Looker.[22] For the final few issues, DC began to request that Aparo provide only pencils, and a long and nearly unbroken string of Aparo inking and lettering his own work came mostly to an end.

The scene from Batman #428 (1988), in which Batman discovers that Jason Todd is dead

Aparo's next major work consisted of pencils for Batman and Detective Comics, where his art was almost always inked by Mike DeCarlo. Aparo returned to the Batman title with issue #414 (Dec. 1987) in collaboration with writer Jim Starlin. One of their first storylines for the title was "Ten Nights of The Beast"[23] in issues #417–420 (March–June 1988) which introduced the KGBeast. Perhaps the most notable product of this period remains "A Death in the Family"[3] (Batman #426–429, 1988–1989), depicting the death of Jason Todd (Robin). The "A Lonely Place of Dying" storyline crossed over with The New Titans title and introduced Tim Drake as the new Robin.[24] Aparo continued to draw Batman stories in Detective and Batman until the early 1990s. During this time, he was the regular artist on Batman when Bane broke Bruce Wayne's back during the "KnightFall" storyline.[25] In 1992, Aparo returned to do pencils, inks, and lettering for his Batman stories, but was soon returned to contributing only pencil art.

Also that year, Aparo was given his last regular series assignment for DC as pencil artist for Green Arrow issues #81–100. He and writer Kelley Puckett co-created Connor Hawke, the son of Green Arrow.[26] Following that assignment, Aparo's work appeared infrequently, when Aparo was mostly assigned occasional Batman-related stories and covers in miniseries and specials. His published work in the late 1990s and early 2000s include a Batman Annual inked by former Marvel Comics mainstay Sal Buscema, a G.C.P.D. miniseries, a Speed Force Special featuring the Flash, an issue of a Deadman miniseries that revisited his "Death in the Family" story, and a single page of Green Lantern/Superman: Legend of the Green Flame written by Neil Gaiman in which he had a final opportunity to draw the Phantom Stranger for publication.[11]

His final work for DC during his life was the cover of the trade paperback Batman in the Eighties, published in 2004. In 2006, previously-unpublished Aparo art depicting the unused, alternate ending of the storyline "A Death in the Family," in which the Jason Todd Robin lives instead of dies, appeared in Batman Annual #25.[27]


Aparo died on July 19, 2005, at his home in Southington, Connecticut.[4] At least one report attributed the cause of death to "a long battle with cancer",[28] but his family's formal announcement said his death came from "complications relating to a recent illness".[29] DC Comics ran an Aparo "In Memoriam" page in Batman #644 (Oct. 2005) and Detective Comics #811 (Nov. 2005).


Aparo was (automatically inducted) into the prestigious:


Comics work (interior pencil art) includes:

Charlton Comics

  • Captain Atom (Nightshade) #87–89 (Aug. 1967–Dec. 1967)
  • Career Girl Romances #40 (June 1967)
  • Charlton Premiere #4 (May 1968)
  • Cheyenne Kid #66–71 (May 1968–March 1969) [Wander]
  • Ghost Manor #77 (Nov. 1984)
  • Ghostly Tales #65–68, 71–72, 74–76, 79, 81, 137, 141–142, 146, 149, 153, 164 (Feb. 1968–Dec. 1983)
  • Go-Go #5–9 (Feb. 1967–Oct. 1967)
  • Gunfighter #52, 83 (Oct. 1967 and March 1984)
  • Hercules: Adventures of the Man-God #1–10 (1968–1969)
  • I Love You #67 (April 1967)
  • Love Diary #62, 66 (Oct. 1969 and May 1970)
  • The Many Ghosts of Doctor Graves #4–5, 7–8, 17, 66, 69 (1967–1981)
  • Peter Cannon, Thunderbolt #60 (1967) [Prankster]
  • The Phantom #31–34, 36–38 (1969–1970)
  • Romantic Story #94 (July 1968)
  • Scary Tales #22 (Oct, 1980)
  • Secret Agent #10 (Oct. 1967) [Tiffany Sinn]
  • Space Adventures #2, 4 (July and Nov. 1968)
  • Space Adventures Presents U.F.O. #60 (Oct. 1967)
  • Strange Suspense Stories vol. 2 #1–2, 4 (Oct. 1967–Nov. 1968)

DC Comics



  1. ^ Wrath of the Spectre was a four-issue miniseries published in 1988. Issues #1–3 reprint the character's run in Adventure Comics #431–440 (all but #434 and #437–439 drawn by Aparo), while issue #4 prints three stories that were written in 1975 and newly illustrated for this miniseries by Aparo again.


  1. ^ The Storytellers: Jim Aparo
  2. ^ "James N. Aparo". United States Social Security Death Index. Archived from the original on February 16, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 235: "Written by Jim Starlin, with art by Jim Aparo and haunting covers by Mike Mignola, 'A Death in the Family' proved a best seller with readers in both single-issue and trade paperback form."
  4. ^ a b "James Aparo, 72, Comic Book Artist, Is Dead". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 22, 2005. Archived from the original on June 6, 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Jim Aparo, Batman's Greatest Ally". New England Historical Society. 2014-07-19. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  6. ^ a b "Jim Aparo Interview - Comic Book Artist #9 - TwoMorrows Publishing". www.twomorrows.com. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  7. ^ a b c d Amash, Jim (August 2000). "The Aparo Approach: Jim Aparo on his comics debut at Charlton Press". Comic Book Artist. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (9). Archived from the original on July 31, 2013.
  8. ^ Markstein, Don (2010). "Stern Wheeler". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on March 5, 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  9. ^ Eury, Michael (August 2011). "In Praise of Jim Aparo". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (50): 2–3.
  10. ^ "Jim Aparo". Lambiek Comiclopedia. February 5, 2010. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c Jim Aparo at the Grand Comics Database
  12. ^ The Brave and the Bold #124 at the Grand Comics Database
  13. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. The Spectre re-materialized in the pages of Adventure Comics. This time, however, he brought along an all-out wrathful disposition, delivering punishments that not only fit the crimes, but arguably exceeded them." "[Michael] Fleisher and [Jim] Aparo's run lasted only ten issues, yet it was widely regarded as some of their finest work, and the character's seminal period. ((cite book)): |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 115. ISBN 978-1465424563. New DC editor Archie Goodwin scripted the lead feature with artist Jim Aparo. ((cite book)): |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ Manning "1970s" in Dougall, p. 118
  16. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 187 "Written by Len Wein, with art by John Byrne and Jim Aparo, The Untold Legend of the Batman...delved into the origin of the fabled Dark Knight."
  17. ^ Sanderson, Peter (September–October 1981). "Justice League #200 All-Star Affair". Comics Feature. New Media Publishing (12/13): 17.
  18. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 202 "Despite being the final issue of this particular series, the book wasn't closed on Batman's team-ups. Although Batman was through working with partners, it was time to think bigger, and in a special sixteen-page preview insert written by Barr and with art by Jim Aparo, the Outsiders debuted. A super-hero team of Batman's own creation, the Outsiders would soon star alongside Batman in the new monthly series Batman and the Outsiders."
  19. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970-1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 462. ISBN 978-3-8365-1981-6.
  20. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 149: Batman and the Outsiders #9 (April 1984) "The Masters of Disaster sealed their reputation as the Outsiders' greatest foes in this two-part tale by Mike W. Barr and Jim Aparo."
  21. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 215: "[The Outsiders] saw the popular team given the enhanced quality of a Baxter-format series...written by Mike W. Barr and drawn by Jim Aparo."
  22. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 155: The Outsiders #1 (Nov. 1985) "Written by Mike W. Barr and drawn by Jim Aparo, this issue debuted Looker in full costume."
  23. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 233: "Using the Cold War as their backdrop, writer Jim Starlin and artist Jim Aparo crafted the four-part storyline 'Ten Nights of the Beast'."
  24. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 241: "With the pencils of [George] Pérez, Jim Aparo, and Tom Grummett, [Marv] Wolfman concocted the five-issue 'A Lonely Place of Dying'...In it, Tim Drake...earned his place as the new Robin."
  25. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 259: "'Knightfall' was a nineteen-part crossover event that passed through the pages of Batman by writer Doug Moench and artists Norm Breyfogle, Jim Aparo, and Mike Manley."
  26. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 267: "Future Green Arrow Connor Hawke debuted in the zero issue of Green Arrow, courtesy of scripter Kelley Puckett and penciller Jim Aparo."
  27. ^ Manning "2000s" in Dougall, p. 287: "This issue also included an unpublished page from 'A Death in the Family' by writer Jim Starlin and penciller Jim Aparo that had been set to print in case readers voted for Jason's survival."
  28. ^ Goldstein, Hilary (July 19, 2005). "Losing Batman's Greatest Ally". IGN. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013.
  29. ^ Beck, Spencer (July 19, 2005). "Jim Aparo R.I.P". ComicBookBin.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012.
  30. ^ "Eisner Awards - 2010-Present". San Diego Comic-Con. 2 December 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  31. ^ "1972 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012.
  32. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
Preceded byNick Cardy Aquaman artist 1968–1971 and 1977 Succeeded byDon Newton Preceded byBob Brown and Nick Cardy The Brave and the Bold artist 1971–1983 Succeeded byn/a Preceded byKieron Dwyer Batman artist 1987–1990 Succeeded byKieron Dwyer Preceded byTom Mandrake Batman artist 1992–1993 Succeeded byMike Manley