John Frederick Hannah
January 5, 1913
Nogales, Arizona, U.S.
|Died||June 11, 1994 (aged 81)|
Burbank, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)|
|Alma mater||California Institute of the Arts|
|Occupation||Animator, writer, director of Disney|
John Frederick Hannah (January 5, 1913 – June 11, 1994) was an American animator, writer and director of animated shorts.
Hannah was born on January 5, 1913, in Nogales, Arizona. He moved to Los Angeles in 1931 to study at the Art Guild Academy. One of his first jobs was designing movie posters for Hollywood theaters. In 1933, during the Great Depression, Hannah dropped off his portfolio at Walt Disney Studios, and soon afterward was hired as an in-between and clean-up artist, working on Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and Silly Symphony cartoons.
Hannah's career as an animator commenced with the short Modern Inventions (released on May 29, 1937). After thirteen films in that capacity, he was assigned to the story department writing cartoon short continuities, beginning with Donald's Nephews (released on April 15, 1938). He received writing credit on 21 Disney cartoon shorts.
In 1942 he collaborated with Carl Barks on the first two comic books Barks worked on, Pluto Saves the Ship and Donald Duck Finds Pirate Gold. Hannah in subsequent years did a handful of other Donald Duck comic book stories but, unlike Barks, he stayed at the studio and eventually was given a chance to be a director. The short Donald's Off Day (released on December 8, 1944) was the first of 94 films he would direct. These include most of the shorts featuring Donald Duck in the post-war era along with all starring Chip 'n Dale and Humphrey the Bear; he also directed some shorts starring Goofy, Mickey Mouse, Pluto and some minor Disney characters such as Lambert the Sheepish Lion.
After Disney stopped producing animated shorts, Hannah did 14 episodes of the Walt Disney anthology television series (composed of footage from the classic cartoons along with new linking material) and fulfilled his ambition to direct live-action by handling Walt Disney's introductions for the episodes. Hannah hoped to segue into a career in live-action but "Walt had me pegged as an animation director so he balked at the suggestion. We had a few heated discussions and I became aware that I had come to an impasse."
Hannah then went to Walter Lantz Productions and directed a number of films featuring Woody Woodpecker and some minor characters. Besides directing shorts, Hannah also was assistant director for the television series The Woody Woodpecker Show, which began airing on October 3, 1957. "I did more or less the same thing that I did with Walt Disney in directing live-action except Lantz was better at taking direction." His last directing effort was the short Charlie's Mother-In-Law (released on April 16, 1963). He retired shortly thereafter.
In 1975, Hannah was one of the co-founders, along with T. Hee, of the Character Animation program at the California Institute of the Arts.
Hannah was honored as a "Disney Legend" in 1992. Jack Hannah is often credited with developing, if not creating, the personality of the animated version of Donald Duck. It is for this reason Disney historian Jim Korkis has dubbed him "Donald Duck's Other Daddy." Despite that, Hannah has often been noted for being responsible for Donald's most formulaic period, where constantly paired Donald with pint-sized antagonists. The most famous of these antagonists are Chip 'n Dale, but other characters included Spike the Bee, Bootle Beetle and a colony of ants. These vermin became the focus of their shorts, relegating Donald to a supporting foil role with a consequent personality diminution.
Hannah died in Burbank, California on June 11, 1994, at age 81.
|1936||Toby Tortoise Returns||animator|
|Donald and Pluto||animator|
|The Country Cousin||animator|
|The Old Mill||animator|
|Donald's Better Self||story and animation|
|Donald's Nephews||story and animation|
|Donald's Golf Game||animator|
|Donald's Lucky Day||story and animation|
|The Hockey Champ||story and animation|
|Donald's Cousin Gus||story|
|1940||Mr. Duck Steps Out||story|
|Donald's Vacation||story and animation|
|Early to Bed||story|
|Truant Officer Donald||story|
|Old MacDonald Duck||story|
|The Army Mascot||story|
|Donald Gets Drafted||story|
|Donald's Snow Fight||animator|
|Out of the Frying Pan Into the Firing Line||animator|
|The Old Army Game||story|
|The Plastics Inventor||story|
|Donald Duck and the Gorilla||story|
|Donald's Off Day||director|
|1945||The Eyes Have It||director|
|A Knight for a Day||director|
|Frank Duck Brings 'em Back Alive||director|
|1947||Clown of the Jungle||director|
|Chip an' Dale||director|
|Three for Breakfast||director|
|Tea for Two Hundred||director|
|1949||All in a Nutshell||director|
|Slide, Donald, Slide||director|
|Donald's Happy Birthday||director|
|The Greener Yard||director|
|Hook, Lion and Sinker||director|
|Bee at the Beach||director|
|Out on a Limb||director|
|Crazy Over Daisy||director|
|1951||Chicken in the Rough||director|
|Test Pilot Donald||director|
|Out of Scale||director|
|Bee on Guard||director|
|1952||Two Chips and a Miss||director|
|Lambert the Sheepish Lion||director|
|Let's Stick Together||director|
|Uncle Donald's Ants||director|
|Trick or Treat||director|
|Pluto's Christmas Tree||director|
|1953||Don's Fountain of Youth||director|
|The New Neighbor||director|
|Canvas Back Duck||director|
|Working for Peanuts||director|
|1954||The Flying Squirrel||director|
|Grin and Bear It||director|
|Spare the Rod||director|
|1955||No Hunting||director and voice (of Moose)|
|Up a Tree||director|
|1956||In the Bag||director|
|3D Jamboree||director||the "Working for Peanuts" short|
|1960||Donald Duck and his Companions||story and animation|
|Southern Fried Hospitality||director|
|Freeloading Feline||director and story|
|1961||Doc's Last Stand||director|
|Tin Can Concert||director and story|
|Bear and the Bees||director|
|Clash and Carry||director|
|Poop Deck Pirate||director|
|1962||Greedy Gabby Gator||director|
|Mother's Little Helper||director|
|Pest of Show||director|
|Fish and Chips||director|
|1964||Jungle Medics||director and story|