James Loren Martin
From Volume 2 (1922) of Annals of Brattleboro, 1681-1895
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont
In office
October 20, 1906 – January 14, 1915
Appointed byTheodore Roosevelt
Preceded byHoyt Henry Wheeler
Succeeded byHarland Bradley Howe
United States Attorney for the District of Vermont
In office
1898–1906
Appointed byWilliam McKinley
Preceded byJohn H. Senter
Succeeded byAlexander Dunnett
Member of the Vermont House of Representatives from Brattleboro
In office
1892–1893
Preceded byOscar A. Marshall
Succeeded byGeorge A. Hines
Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives
In office
1878–1882
Preceded byJohn Wolcott Stewart
Succeeded byJames K. Batchelder
Member of the Vermont House of Representatives from Londonderry
In office
1874–1882
Preceded byEmery L. Harrington
Succeeded byAddison E. Cudworth
State's Attorney of Windham County, Vermont
In office
1876–1877
Preceded byOscar E. Butterfield
Succeeded byEdgar W. Stoddard
Personal details
Born
James Loren Martin

(1846-09-13)September 13, 1846
Landgrove, Vermont
DiedJanuary 14, 1915(1915-01-14) (aged 68)
Montpelier, Vermont
Resting placeMorningside Cemetery
Brattleboro, Vermont
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Delia E. Howard (m. 1869-1881, her death)
Jessie Lillie Dewey (m. 1884-1915, his death)
Children6
EducationAlbany Law School (LL.B.)
ProfessionAttorney

James Loren Martin (September 13, 1846 – January 14, 1915) was a Vermont lawyer, politician, and United States federal judge. The notable positions in which he served during his career included State's Attorney of Windham County, Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives, United States Attorney for the District of Vermont, and United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.

Early life

Martin was born in Landgrove, Vermont.[1] The son of James and Lucy (Gray) Martin,[2] he began paying for his own tuition at age 14 by working in a chair factory, producing maple sugar, and clearing land.[3] His education included the schools of Landgrove and the academies of Londonderry, Vermont and Marlow, New Hampshire. He taught school in Londonderry and Winhall, Vermont, and studied law with Hoyt Henry Wheeler before attending Albany Law School, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Laws in 1869.[1] He practiced law, first in Londonderry, and later in Brattleboro, Vermont.[1]

Career

A Republican, he was State's Attorney for Windham County, Vermont from 1876 to 1877.[3] He served in the Vermont House of Representatives from 1874 to 1882 (from Londonderry) and 1892 (from Brattleboro).[1] From 1878 to 1882, he was Speaker of the House.[1]

Martin was state tax commissioner in 1888, 1890 to 1892, and 1894. He served as United States Attorney for the District of Vermont beginning in 1898, succeeding John H. Senter.[4] He served until 1906, and was succeeded by Alexander Dunnett.[5]

Martin was a longtime member of Brattleboro's school board, and served on the board of directors of several corporations, including Vermont Mutual Fire Insurance, American Fidelity Company, National Life Insurance Company, and the Holden & Martin lumber company.[3]

Federal judicial service

On October 20, 1906, Martin received a recess appointment to the United States District Court for the District of Vermont from President Theodore Roosevelt, filling the position vacated by Judge Hoyt Henry Wheeler.[6] Formally nominated to the same position by President Roosevelt on December 3, 1906, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 11, 1906, and received his commission the same day.[3]

Death and burial

Martin remained on the court until his death.[2] He died at the train station in Montpelier, Vermont after suffering a heart attack on January 14, 1915.[2] He was buried at Morningside Cemetery in Brattleboro.[7]

Honors

Martin received an honorary Master of Arts degree from Dartmouth College in 1882.[2] In 1914, he received an honorary LL.D. from Middlebury College.[2]

Family

In 1869, Martin married Delia E. Howard, who died in 1881.[3] They were the parents of three children—Jimmie (1873-1880), an unnamed son who was born and died in 1877, and Delia (1881-1882).[3] In 1884, he married Jessie Lillie Dewey.[3] They were the parents of three daughters—Margaret, Helen, and Katharine.[3]

References

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Political offices
Preceded by
John Wolcott Stewart
Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives
1878–1884
Succeeded by
James K. Batchelder
Legal offices
Preceded by
John H. Senter
United States Attorney for the District of Vermont
1896–1906
Succeeded by
Alexander Dunnett
Preceded by
Hoyt Henry Wheeler
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont
1906–1915
Succeeded by
Harland Bradley Howe