Johann Nepomuk von Fuchs
Drawing of Fuchs, 1856
Born15 May 1774
Mattenzell, Germany
Died5 March 1856 (aged 81)
Alma materLudwig Maximilian University of Munich
Occupation(s)Chemist, mineralogogist
Years active1821-1852
Known forInventing mineral painting

Johann Nepomuk von Fuchs (15 May 1774 – 5 March 1856)[1] was a German chemist and mineralogist, and royal Bavarian privy councillor.


He was born at Mattenzell, near Falkenstein in the Bavarian Forest. In 1807 he became professor of chemistry and mineralogy at the Ludwig Maximilian University, which was located in Landshut at the time, and in 1823 conservator of the mineralogical collections at Munich, where he was appointed professor of mineralogy three years later, when the university was relocated. He retired in 1852, was ennobled by the Maximilian II of Bavaria in 1854, and died at Munich on 5 March 1856.

He is largely known for his mineralogical observations and for his work on waterglass (sodium silicate). He used it to develop stereochromy, a kind of fresco painting where the pigments are fixed with waterglass. Historically, the substance was sometimes referred to as "Fuchs's soluble glass".[2] Also, he developed a scientific method for the production of cement and made contributions to the understanding of the amorphic state of solids.[3][4]

He coined the mineral names wagnerite (1821) and margarite (1823),[5][6] and with Adolph Ferdinand Gehlen, was co-describer of the mineral mesolite (1816).[7] A variety of muscovite called fuchsite commemorates his name.[4]

Published works


  1. ^ "Johann Nepomuk Fuchs". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-02-18.
  2. ^ Chambers's Encyclopædia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People. J.B. Lippincott & Company. 1870.
  3. ^ Fuchs, Johann Nepomuk von Deutsche Biographie
  4. ^ a b "Johann Nepomuk von Fuchs". Original Catholic Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22.
  5. ^ Wagnerite
  6. ^ Margarite
  7. ^ Mesolite Fuchs & Gehlen, 1816 YPM MIN 023002
  8. ^ Google Search published works[better source needed]