Kerrang!
Cover of 28 July 2018 issue of Kerrang! featuring American heavy metal band Slipknot
EditorLuke Morton
Staff writersNick Ruskell, David McLaughlin, Emily Carter, Tom Shepherd, Ethan Fixell, Christopher Krovatin, Cat Jones
FrequencyWeekly
PublisherWasted Talent Ltd
FounderAlan Lewis
First issue6 June 1981 (1981-06-06)
CountryUnited Kingdom
Based inLondon, England
LanguageEnglish
Websitekerrang.com
ISSN0262-6624

Kerrang! is a British weekly magazine devoted to rock, punk and heavy metal music, currently published by Wasted Talent[1] (the same company that owns electronic music publication Mixmag). It was first published on 6 June 1981 as a one-off supplement in the Sounds newspaper. Named after the onomatopoeic word that derives from the sound made when playing a power chord on a distorted electric guitar, Kerrang! was initially devoted to the new wave of British heavy metal and the rise of hard rock acts.[2] In the early 2000s, it became the best-selling British music weekly.[3]

History

Kerrang! was founded in 1981.[4] The editor of the weekly music magazine Sounds, Alan Lewis, suggested that Geoff Barton edit a one-off special edition focusing on the new wave of British heavy metal phenomenon and on the rise of other hard rock acts.[5] It was published on 6 June 1981.[6] Angus Young of AC/DC appeared on Kerrang!'s first cover. Launched as a monthly magazine, Kerrang! began to appear on a fortnightly basis later, and in 1987 it went weekly. The original owner was United Newspapers who then sold it to EMAP in 1991.

During the 1980s and early 1990s the magazine placed many thrash and glam metal acts on the cover, including Tigertailz, Mötley Crüe, Slayer, Bon Jovi, Metallica, Poison, and Venom. The term "thrash metal" was first coined in the music press by Kerrang! journalist Malcolm Dome, in reference to the Anthrax song "Metal Thrashing Mad".[7] Prior to this Metallica's James Hetfield had referred to their sound as "power metal".[8] The magazine's emphasis would change during the 1990s once grunge acts such as Nirvana rose to fame. Kerrang! has at times faced criticism for repeating this process every time a new musical subgenre becomes popular.

Kerrang!'s popularity rose again with the hiring of editor Paul Rees circa 2000 when the nu metal genre, featuring bands including Limp Bizkit and Slipknot, was becoming more popular.[9] Rees went on to edit Q magazine and former Kerrang! reviews editor Ashley Bird[10] was appointed editor from 2003 to 2005. Following his departure, Paul Brannigan took over as editor in May 2005.[11]

With the emergence of emo and metalcore during the mid to late-2000s, the genre focus of Kerrang! shifted once more. The revamp was not welcomed by all readers and many complaints were received about Kerrang!'s sudden emphasis on emo and metalcore music. However, following this change, Brannigan took the magazine into its most commercially successful period with a record ever ABC for the title of 80,186 copies.[12] Furthermore, the magazine continued to occasionally feature more established bands such as Iron Maiden and Metallica on the cover, despite being criticised for doing otherwise.

In 2008, EMAP sold its consumer magazines to Bauer Media Group. Brannigan left Kerrang! in 2009 and Nichola Browne was appointed editor.[13] She later stepped down in April 2011. Former NME features editor and GamesMaster deputy editor James McMahon was appointed as editor on 6 June 2011.[14]

In April 2017, Kerrang! magazine, its website, and the K! Awards were purchased by Mixmag Media, publisher of dance monthly Mixmag, along with assets related to defunct style magazine The Face. Mixmag has since formed parent company Wasted Talent, which relaunched Kerrang! as a digital-first title, while continuing to publish a weekly print edition. Former Editor-in-Chief Phil Alexander was appointed Global Creative Director on 3 August 2017.[15] Bauer retained ownership of Kerrang! Radio and the Box Plus Network will continue to operate Kerrang! TV as before.[16][1] An updated Kerrang! logo was debuted in mid-2017 before the magazine received a complete redesign during 2018. This change saw several of the magazine's long-running features dropped, including the Ultimate Rockstar Test, while new features were added in their place.

In March 2020, publication of the print edition of Kerrang! was suspended due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The website continued to run articles as normal, with a weekly 'cover story' long-form article being introduced later in the year. In late 2021, a one-off print edition of Kerrang! was published, celebrating the return of live music events in the UK. Sales of this magazine proved successful enough that a second stand-alone print magazine was published in April 2022.[17]

International editions

Emap launched Kerrang! Australia in the late 1990s. Unlike its weekly counterpart in the UK, the Australian edition was published monthly due to stiff competition from free local music publications. Kerrang! is also published in Spanish and German. Kerrang announced its aim to expand into the US in March 2018.

In March 2018, following a magazine redesign, Kerrang! announced it would be expanding to the United States, with an office in New York run by Ethan Fixell. The goal would be to generate US-centric content, events, and brand partnerships.[18]

Website

Kerrang!'s website, www.kerrang.com, was launched in summer 2001 by Dan Silver. Kerrang!'s parent company Emap acquired the domain name from a Norwegian cybersquatter by the name of Steingram Stegane for a token sum of £666.[19]

Kerrang!'s website features news and features on both contemporary and classic rock bands, as well as previewing upcoming events. The website hosts Kerrang!'s online shop, podcasts, message board, TV and radio segments ensuring more opportunities to sell associated merchandise and products.[20] In 2001, Kerrang! launched its own online forum with the "rants and raves" section taking up most of the traffic. Though initially extremely popular, the number of users began to peter out around 2005 with the number of people online dropping to as low as 10 when previously it had been closer to the 100 figure.[citation needed]

According to Alexa www.kerrang.com is ranked 83,545th globally, and 33,532nd in the U.S.[21]

Kerrang! Awards

Main article: Kerrang! Awards

Since 1993, the magazine has held an annual awards ceremony to mark the most successful bands in the interests of their readers. The awards became one of Britain's most recognised events by the now defunct Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Albums, often listing some of the winners in their annual round-up of the previous year. The event is presented by major music celebrities, with many others outside the industry who attend the event.[22]

After a year hiatus, the Awards were relaunched in 2018, with notable guests that included Johnny Depp, Joe Perry, Tony Iommi, Corey Taylor, and Dave Grohl, among others.[23] After a two-year hiatus due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the ceremony is due to return in June 2022, with the reader nominations period beginning in April 2022.[24]

Kerrang! Radio

Main article: Kerrang Radio

In 2000, EMAP launched Kerrang! as a digital radio station, across the United Kingdom. This was principally a 'jukebox' station, playing a back-to-back sequence of rock and alternative music. On 10 June 2004, Kerrang! 105.2 was launched as a regional radio station in Birmingham with an advertising campaign by London-based creative agency ODD.[25] The radio had a number of specialist programmes dedicated to the many subgenres of rock music. The radio output included interviews with those affecting popular culture and society as well as those involved with music. It stopped broadcasting on FM as of 14 June 2013 and once again became a digital station, with listeners able to tune in on DAB or the Kerrang! Radio app. With this broadcasting change came a move in Kerrang! Radio's offices from Birmingham to London. Absolute Radio is now broadcasting on its FM frequency.[citation needed]

Kerrang! TV

Main article: Kerrang! TV

In 2001 EMAP launched Kerrang! TV. As with the radio station, the television channel covers the more mainstream side of the rock music as well as classic rock bands including Aerosmith, AC/DC and Guns N' Roses and classic heavy metal bands such as Iron Maiden, Black Sabbath and Metallica. Kerrang! TV, along with its The Box Plus Network sister channels, is now fully owned by Channel Four Television Corporation.[26]

Kerrang! Tour

The Kerrang! Tour ran from 2006 to 2017. The line-up for each year was usually announced in October of the previous year and was held throughout January and February of the following year.[27] Relentless Energy Drink sponsored the Kerrang! Tour for several years. It is currently unknown if the tour will ever be revived.

The K! Pit

The year after the final Kerrang! Tour, Kerrang! launched a new gig concept known as 'The K! Pit', where the magazine promotes a free gig for a popular band in a tiny London venue. Fans gain access by applying for tickets online and being selected at random in a competition-style draw. Artists featured so far include Parkway Drive, Mastodon, Fever 333, and Neck Deep, the latter performance coinciding with the 2018 Kerrang! Awards where Neck Deep would win 'Best Song'.[33] The brand has since also launched the series in Brooklyn, New York, featuring artists such as Sum 41, Baroness, Knocked Loose, Daughters, Fit For An Autopsy. Performances are also streamed on the Kerrang! Facebook page before being uploaded to YouTube.

The Official Kerrang! Rock Chart

During the 1980s, Kerrang! published weekly heavy metal charts for singles, albums and import albums. Each was compiled from sales data from fifty specialist stores across the United Kingdom.

In March 2012, Kerrang! announced a new weekly rock singles chart for the UK based on upon airplay across Kerrang Radio, Kerrang TV, and specialist rock radio stations, as well as sales figures from the Official Charts Company. As of 2020, the chart continues to be printed in the magazine every week, contains 20 tracks, and often features accompanying facts or artist quotes. The official Kerrang Spotify profile also features a playlist of the tracks on the chart and is updated every Wednesday.[34] The chart was formerly announced on Saturday mornings on Kerrang! Radio and could be viewed online every Saturday at midday. The chart would also be shown on Kerrang! TV on Thursdays at 4 pm.

Unlike the UK Rock & Metal Singles Chart produced by the Official Charts Company, which is typically dominated by classic rock artists, the Kerrang! Rock Chart focuses primarily on new releases by contemporary rock artists.

References

  1. ^ a b Spanier, Gideon (15 April 2017). "Mixmag buys Kerrang! and plans to revive The Face in double acquisition". Campaign. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ Brannigan, Paul (6 June 2006). "25 Most Important Bands of Our Lifetime". Kerrang! (1110).
  3. ^ Baran, Pete (15 February 2002). "Kerrang topples NME as best selling music weekly". Freaky Trigger. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  4. ^ Andy R. Brown (2007). "Everything Louder than Everything Else" (PDF). Journalism Studies. 8 (4): 642–655. doi:10.1080/14616700701412209. S2CID 142637249.
  5. ^ Phil Alexander, "RIP Alan Lewis: Kerrang! founder and British publishing legend", Kerrang!, 24 June 2021 Archived 2 July 2021 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 25 July 2021
  6. ^ Ward, Steven. "Geoff Barton, behind the wheel". Rock Critics. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  7. ^ Kerrang!' ', issue 62, page 8,23 February 1984
  8. ^ Dome, Malcolm (23 February 1984). "Anthrax 'Fistful of Metal'". Kerrang!. Vol. 62. London, UK: Spotlight Publications Ltd. p. 8.
  9. ^ "Kerrang! overtakes NME". BBC News. 15 February 2002. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  10. ^ "MEDIA: Youngest editor ever at Kerrang! to steer revamp". prweek.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  11. ^ "ABC report: film and music". Campaign. Haymarket Group. 20 February 2004. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  12. ^ Tryhorn, Chris (17 August 2006). "Kerrang! rocks NME's world". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  13. ^ Brook, Stephen (17 August 2009). "Nichola Browne to edit Kerrang!". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
  14. ^ Cardew, Ben (6 June 2011). "Kerrang! names new editor". Music Week. Intent Media. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  15. ^ "Wasted Talent appoint Phil Alexander as global creative director of Kerrang! and Rock Music Media". musicweek.com. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Mixmag complete purchase of Kerrang! and The Face from Bauer Media". musicweek.com. Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  17. ^ "The making of Bring Me the Horizon - only in the new issue of Kerrang! magazine". Kerrang!. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  18. ^ "Kerrang! unveils magazine redesign as editorial team expands and US office opens". Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  19. ^ Gibson, Owen (26 August 2001). "New Media Diary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  20. ^ "Kerrang! Stuff". Kerrang!. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  21. ^ "Site Overview". Alexa. Archived from the original on 29 December 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  22. ^ Ng, Justin (4 May 2011). "Kerrang! Awards Fuelled By Relentless Energy Drink Nominations Announced". Entertainment Focus. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  23. ^ "Dave Grohl dedicates Kerrang! Award to Linkin Park's Chester Bennington - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  24. ^ "The Kerrang! Awards 2022: Nominations are now open!". Kerrang!. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  25. ^ "About Kerrang! Radio". Kerrang! Radio. Bauer Media Group. 14 March 2002. Archived from the original on 17 November 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  26. ^ Plunkett, Joe (21 November 2008). "Bauer Radio mulls rebrand of Kerrang! station in West Midlands". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  27. ^ Gregory, Jason (28 September 2011). "New Found Glory, Sum 41, letlive For 2012 UK And Ireland Tour – Tickets". Gigwise.com. Giant Digital. Archived from the original on 4 December 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
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  29. ^ "The Kerrang! Tour 2012 sponsored by Relentless Energy Drink featuring New Found Glory and The Blackout". Relentless Energy. 20 January 2012. Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
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  34. ^ https://www.kerrang.com/the-news/the-kerrang-rock-chart-1/ Archived 8 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine Kerrang! Rock Chart, 28 November 2018