Kewa Pueblo
Location in Sandoval County
Total population
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( New Mexico)
Keres, English
Santo Domingo Pueblo
Pueblo of Santo Domingo Mission Church
Pueblo of Santo Domingo Mission Church
Location in New Mexico
Location in New Mexico
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico is located in the United States
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 35°30′52″N 106°21′48″W / 35.51444°N 106.36333°W / 35.51444; -106.36333
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
 • Total2.05 sq mi (5.32 km2)
 • Land2.04 sq mi (5.28 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
5,187 ft (1,581 m)
 • Total2,311
 • Density1,133.95/sq mi (437.78/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
Area code505
FIPS code35-70810
GNIS feature ID0928818

Kewa Pueblo (Eastern Keres [kʰewɑ], Keres: Díiwʾi, Navajo: Tó Hájiiloh) is a federally-recognized tribe of Native American Pueblo people in northern New Mexico, in Sandoval County southwest of Santa Fe.[3] The pueblo is recorded as the Santo Domingo Pueblo census-designated place by the U.S. Census Bureau, with a population of 2,456 at the 2010 census.[4]

The population of the pueblo is composed of Native Americans who speak Keres, an eastern dialect of the Keresan languages. Like several other Pueblo peoples, they have a matrilineal kinship system,[5] in which children are considered born into the mother's family and clan, and inheritance and property pass through the maternal line.[citation needed] The pueblo celebrates an annual feast day on August 4 to honor their patron saint, Saint Dominic. More than 2,000 pueblo people participate in the traditional corn dances held at this time.[6]


In the 17th century, the Spanish conquistadores named the pueblo "Santo Domingo". Its earliest recorded name was Gipuy.[7] According to Pueblo Council members, the local name in their Keres language has always been Kewa. In 2009, the pueblo officially changed its name to Kewa Pueblo, altering its seal, signs and letterhead.[3]

According to the Pueblo of Acoma's Keres Online Dictionary, the Western Keresan-name for the pueblo was Díiwʾi and for its people therefore Dîiwʾamʾé.[8]


Kewa Pueblo is located at 35°30′52″N 106°21′48″W / 35.51444°N 106.36333°W / 35.51444; -106.36333 (35.514483, -106.363429).[9] The pueblo is located approximately 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Santa Fe. Interstate 25 runs 4 miles (6 km) to the east of the community. The pueblo is part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Santo Domingo CDP that overlays the pueblo has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[10][2]

The 2010 census found that 2,456 people lived in the CDP,[4] while 3,519 people in the U.S. reported being exclusively Santo Domingo Puebloan[11] and 4,430 people reported being Santo Domingo Puebloan exclusively or in combination with another group.[12]

The state of New Mexico has reported the population as 3,100.[13]


Main article: Puebloan peoples

The pueblo plays a supporting role in Spanish colonial history. Gaspar Castaño de Sosa, a fugitive from the Crown, was arrested at the pueblo in March 1591. Castaño, a notorious slaver, had fled capture. He pursued an illegal claims expedition up the Pecos River, which had not yet been seen by Europeans. He made it as far as Pecos Pueblo, and raided it for slaves. He turned west and traveled toward modern-day Santa Fe, which had been established by the Spanish. He followed the Rio Grande river valley south. On orders of the Viceroy at Mexico City, Captain Juan Morlette found Castaño at Kewa Pueblo and arrested him. He returned him to authorities to face trial for his crimes, including his attack on Pecos Pueblo.[citation needed]

Castaño abandoned two interpreters at Kewa Pueblo; he had kidnapped them earlier and brought them with him. Governor Juan de Oñate's expedition recorded encountering Tomas and Cristobal at Kewa Pueblo, as it traveled north.[citation needed]

20th century to present

Trading Post, early 20th century

Potters of Kewa and Cochiti Pueblos have made stylized pottery for centuries, developing styles for different purposes and expressing deep beliefs in their designs. Since the early decades of the 20th century, these pots have been appreciated by a wider audience outside the pueblos. Continuing to use traditional techniques, in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, potters have also expanded their designs and repertoire in pottery, which has an international market.

Visual arts

Kewa artists are known for their stonework jewelry,[14] including flat disks or beads called heishi, meaning "shell bead" in Eastern Keresan, which are often made into necklaces.[15][16]


Pottery is an important art form and utilitarian craft from Kewa Pueblo.[17][18] Large ollas and dough bowls are common forms for Kewa potters. Many Kewa potters are women, although men can also create ceramics.[14][17]

The Aguilar Family, consisting of two sisters and one sister-in-law, created Kewa pottery from 1910 until approximately 1915 and became very well-known for their artwork.[19][20]

Robert Tenorio has continued his family legacy by making traditional Kewa pottery,[21] and Tenorio's sister was part of a well-known husband-wife pottery collaboration called, Arthur and Hilda Coriz.[22]


It is in the Bernalillo Public Schools district,[23] which operates Santo Domingo Elementary and Middle Schools,[24] and Bernalillo High School.

The school district states that Cochiti Elementary and Middle Schools in Peña Blanca and Bernalillo Middle School have students from Kewa Pueblo.[25] Bernalillo Middle School (a zoned middle school of this community),[26] Some elementary-aged students from Kewa Pueblo attend Algodones Elementary School in Algodones.[27]

Notable people

Main page: Category:People from Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Constable, Anne (9 March 2010), "Pueblo returns to traditional name: Santo Domingo quietly becomes 'Kewa'; tribe alters seal, signs and letterhead", The New Mexican (Santa Fe, New Mexico), archived here at WebCite
  4. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau (2010). "NM - Santo Domingo Pueblo CDP". United States Census 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  5. ^ Ross Frank (January 29, 2007). From Settler to Citizen: New Mexican Economic Development and the Creation of Vecino Society, 1750-1820. University of California Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-520-25159-5.
  6. ^ Schultheis, Robert (July 11, 1976). "The Corn Dance: Complex, Hypnotic". New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2023.
  7. ^ Hodge
  8. ^ Keres Online Dictionary
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  11. ^ Census 2010 American Indian and Alaska Native Summary File (AIANSF) - Sample Data, Pueblo of Santo Domingo alone (H59)
  12. ^ Census 2010 American Indian and Alaska Native Summary File (AIANSF) - Sample Data, Pueblo of Santo Domingo alone or in any combination (H59) & (100-299) or (300, A01-Z99) or (400-999)
  13. ^ "Santo Domingo Pueblo". New Mexico, Land of Enchantment. New Mexico Tourism Department. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  14. ^ a b Schaaf, Gregory (2002). Southern Pueblo pottery : 2000 artist biographies, c. 1800-present : with value/price guide featuring over 20 years of auction records. Schaaf, Angie Yan. (1st ed.). Santa Fe, N.M.: CIAC Press. p. 5. ISBN 0966694856. OCLC 48624322.
  15. ^ Carolyn McCarthy; Hugh McNaughtan; Christopher Pitts; Benedict Walker (2018). Lonely Planet Southwest USA. Lonely Planet. p. 486. ISBN 978-1-78701-943-0.
  16. ^ Rose, Elizabeth R. "What You Need to Know About Native American Heishi Jewelry". TripSavvy.
  17. ^ a b Berger, Guy (2004). Pueblo and Navajo contemporary pottery and directory of artists. Schiffer, Nancy. (2nd., rev. and enl ed.). Atglen, PA: Schiffer. pp. 78–80. ISBN 0764318969. OCLC 57013886.
  18. ^ Trimble, Stephen (1987). Talking with the clay : the art of Pueblo pottery (1st ed.). Santa Fe, N.M.: School of American Research Press. ISBN 0933452152. OCLC 15082081.
  19. ^ "Kewa (Santo Domingo) pottery jar". Marcy Burns American Indian Arts. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  20. ^ "Kewa - Santo Domingo Pueblo Pottery". Adobe Gallery. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  21. ^ Davis, Mary B. (May 1, 2014). Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-63861-0.
  22. ^ Dillingham, Rick (1994). Fourteen Families in Pueblo Pottery. UNM Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-1499-4.
  23. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Sandoval County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2022.
  24. ^ "About Santo Domingo School". Santo Domingo Schools. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  25. ^ "About Cochiti Schools". Cochiti Elementary and Middle Schools. Retrieved March 16, 2023. - Kewa Pueblo is stated as "Santo Domingo"
  26. ^ "About Bernalillo Middle School". Bernalillo Middle School. Retrieved March 16, 2023.
  27. ^ "About Algodones Elementary". Algodones Elementary School. Retrieved March 16, 2023. - Kewa Pueblo is stated as "Santo Domingo"

Further reading