Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party
LeaderJ. B. Kripalani
FounderJ. B. Kripalani
Split fromIndian National Congress
Merged intoPraja Socialist Party

The Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (Farmer Worker People's Party), or Praja Party for short,[1] was a political party of India. Established in 1951, it merged with the Socialist Party to form the Praja Socialist Party in the following year.[2] The Andhra unit of the party, however, revived the old party under the name "Praja Party" and lasted for a few more years.[3]


In June, 1951 Indian National Congress dissidents led by J. B. Kripalani founded the KMPP. Two of its leaders, Prafulla Chandra Ghosh and Tanguturi Prakasam, had been chief ministers of West Bengal and of Madras respectively.[4] It contested the 1951–52 Indian general election, the first such polls in India. The party nominated candidates in 145 constituencies across sixteen states, but won only ten seats, six candidates being elected from Madras state,[5] and one each from Mysore state, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and Vindhya Pradesh,[6][7] getting 5.8% of the votes. Kripalani himself lost from the (now defunct) Faizabad District (North West) constituency, but his wife, Sucheta Kripalani, was elected from New Delhi. It won 77 seats in the State legislative assemblies.[citation needed] In September, 1952 it merged with the Socialist Party to form the Praja Socialist Party.[4][8]

In 1953, the Andhra State was separated from Madras, and Prakasam was offered Chief Ministership of the state by Indian National Congress. He split from the Praja Socialist Party and revived the old party under the name "Praja Party".[9] In the 1955 election, Congress, the Praja Party, and Krishikar Lok Party (another splinter group of the original Praja Party) formed a united front against the Communists and won the majority.[10]

See also


  1. ^ Bandyopadhyay 2009, p. 134.
  2. ^ Bandyopadhyay 2009, p. 136.
  3. ^ Sharma 1995, p. 55.
  4. ^ a b Chandra, Bipan & others (2000). India after Independence 1947-2000, New Delhi:Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027825-7, p.201
  5. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  6. ^ "Election Commission India". Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2008.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "The case of the missing socialists - Times of India". Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  9. ^ Sharma 1995, pp. 55–57.
  10. ^ Sharma 1995, p. 57.