Kolab Dam
କୋଲାବ ଜଳବନ୍ଧ
Kolab dam - panoramio (1).jpg
Kolab Dam in April 2007
Kolab Dam is located in India
Kolab Dam
Location of Kolab Dam
କୋଲାବ ଜଳବନ୍ଧ in India
Official nameUpper Kolab Dam
Location5km from Jeypore, Odisha
Coordinates18°47′18″N 82°36′01″E / 18.78833°N 82.60028°E / 18.78833; 82.60028Coordinates: 18°47′18″N 82°36′01″E / 18.78833°N 82.60028°E / 18.78833; 82.60028
Construction began1976
Opening date1993
Dam and spillways
Type of damStraight, Masonry, Gravity
ImpoundsKolab River
Height54.50 m (179 ft)
Length630.50 m (2,068.6 ft)
Spillways11
Spillway typeOgee
Spillway capacity10020 (cumec)
Reservoir
CreatesUpper Kolab Reservoir
Total capacity1,000,000,000 m3 (810,000 acre⋅ft)[1]
Catchment area1,630 km2 (630 sq mi)
Surface area100 km2 (39 sq mi)
Upper Kolab Power Station
Coordinates18°49′54″N 82°35′37″E / 18.83167°N 82.59361°E / 18.83167; 82.59361
Operator(s)OHPC
Commission date1993
Turbines4 x 80 Francis-type
Installed capacity320 MW

Kolab Dam is a gravity dam situated near Jeypore town in Koraput district of Odisha, India. The dam impounds Kolab river which is a tributary of Godavari river.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Characteristics

The majestic Kolab Reservoir generating Hydro Electric Power sitting at an altitude of about 914.4 m (3,000 ft) above sea level on river Kolab,a tributary of Godvari river.[8] Kolab Dam is 646 m (2,119 ft) in length and 55 m (180 ft) in height.[9]

History

A possible idea of "A project of Kolab dam" were first come during the British Rule when Koraput district was a part of Madras presidency. After Independence, an investigation was taken place by Govt. of Odisha in 1961. Finally the project was approved by the planning commission after several proposals of Govt. of Odisha in 1976 and the project was completed in 1993.[10][11]

Upper Kolab Hydro Electric Project

Upper Kolab Power Station
Upper Kolab Power Station

This Project is utilising the water potential of river Kolab, a tributary of river Godavari. The Project has got a Potential of producing 95 MW of firm power with a generation of 832.2 million units and power is distributed to the general grid at the jeypore sub-station.[12]

Tourism

Kolab Dam is identified as the most Beautiful natural scenic attraction in Odisha. A Botanical garden named Kolab Park built near the dam has around 200 varieties of Flowering plants. Kolab Power Plant located at an altitude of about 914.4 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, is making this place even more beautiful. Thousands of Tourists are attracted to this place to spend the weekend picnic and boating every year.[13]

Panoramic views

Kolab dam in April 2007
Kolab dam in April 2007
Kolab dam in June 2011
Kolab dam in June 2011

References

  1. ^ "Upper Kolab Dam D01660 -". india-wris.nrsc.gov.in. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  2. ^ "KOLAB | Koraput District : Odisha". Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  3. ^ Bureau, O. B. (2017-11-21). "Four children drown in Kolab dam". ODISHA BYTES. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  4. ^ "Power production hit at Kolab, Balimela - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  5. ^ "No power generation at Kolab Dam till Dec 8". Orissa POST. 2018-11-28. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  6. ^ "Odisha: Two shutters of Upper Kolab dam in Koraput have been opened today". ashokanews. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  7. ^ "Cyclone 'Daye' lashes Odisha, 2 shutters of upper Kolab dam opened after rise in water level". WION. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  8. ^ "People risk lives to cross Kolab reservoir in Koraput: A ground report". odishatv.in. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  9. ^ "Upper Kolab Dam D01660 -". india-wris.nrsc.gov.in. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  10. ^ "Odisha Hydro Power Corporation Ltd". www.ohpcltd.com. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  11. ^ "Upper Kolab Project: Plan to release dam water rings flood alarm". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  12. ^ "No power generation at Kolab Dam till Dec 8 - Orissa Post". DailyHunt. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  13. ^ Buzz, Bhubaneswar (2015-08-01). "Kolab Dam Jeypore in Odisha - A travel blog by Santosh Panda". Bhubaneswar Buzz. Retrieved 2019-01-21.