Lahore High Court
عدالت عالیہ لاہور
Lahore High Court logo.png
Lahore High Court Building.jpg
Lahore High Court Building
Established21 March 1882; 140 years ago (1882-03-21)
LocationPrincipal Seat: Lahore, Pakistan
Circuit Benches: Bahawalpur, Multan and Rawalpindi
Composition methodJudicial Commission of Pakistan
Authorized byConstitution of Pakistan
Appeals toSupreme Court of Pakistan
Appeals fromDistrict Courts
Judge term lengthTill 62 years of age
Number of positions60
Websitelhc.gov.pk
Chief Justice of Lahore High Court
CurrentlyMuhammad Ameer Bhatti

The Lahore High Court (Urdu: عدالت عالیہ لاہور) is based in Lahore, Pakistan. It was established as a high court on 21 March 1882.[1] The Lahore High Court has jurisdiction over Punjab (Pakistan). The High Court's principal seat is in Lahore, but there are benches in three other Pakistani cities: Rawalpindi, Multan and Bahawalpur.[2] A proposal was sent by lawyers to set up new high court benches in Faisalabad, Sialkot, D.G.Khan and Gujranwala divisions but full court of Lahore High Court turned down this request.[3]

History

Creation

In 1849, the East India Company defeated the Sikh Empire and assumed control of administration within the Punjab. A Board of Administration was constituted and the Punjab was divided into Divisions, Districts and Tehsils. The Divisions were controlled by Commissioners, Districts by Deputy Commissioners and Tehsils by an Assistant and Extra Assistant Commissioners.[4]

The Board of Administration consisted of Sir Henry Lawrence, John Lawrence and Charles Grenville Mansel[5]

Chief Court of the Punjab Lahore High Court

Lahore High Court in the 1880s
Lahore High Court in the 1880s

In 1858 the Punjab, along with the rest of British India, came under the direct rule of the British crown and decisions with regard to administration and justice were now made under the authority of the monarch, Queen Victoria.[6] By 1864, a proliferation of court cases necessitated an expansion to the judicial structure in the province. The Punjab Courts Act, (XIX of 1865) introduced seven grades of courts, combining judicial and administrative functions and claiming jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. The Court of Tehsildar was the lowest court, whilst the Court of the Judicial Commissioner became the highest court in the land.[7]

Over time, as appeals to the Chief Court greatly increased, later Acts namely the Punjab Courts Act, (XVII of 1877) and Punjab Courts Act, (XVIII of 1884) repealed earlier Acts and restated the law regarding the courts' constitution, powers and jurisdiction.[5] Additional judges were appointed, and greater finality was granted to the decisions of the lower appellate courts.[5] By 1884, there were four classes of courts subordinate to the Chief Court, namely the Divisional Court, the Court of the District Judge, the Court of the Subordinate Judge, the Court of Munsif.[8]

Lahore High Court

On October 1, 1882, the Chief Court of the Punjab Coat was elevated to the status of a Lahore High Court, becoming known as Lahore High Court, King-Emperor George V also appointed a Chief Justice and six puisne justices, and declared the Court's jurisdiction over the Punjab and Delhi provinces.[5]

The Government of India Act, 1935 removed the barrier that the Chief Justice must be a Barrister Judge and opened the position to Civilian Judges. An age limit of 60 years was set for High Court Judges.[5]

By virtue of the Government of India (High Court Judges) Order, 1937, a maximum number of Judges for the various High Courts in India was fixed. In each case the number so stated was exclusive of the Chief Justice but included all additional judges. For the Lahore High Court the maximum number was fixed at 15.[5]

The West Pakistan High Court

On 30 September 1955, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan established the province of West Pakistan, and gave the Governor-General the power to establish the West Pakistan High Court, which was established in 1956. Judges from the Chief Court of Sind and the Judicial Commissioners Court at Peshawar became judges at the West Pakistan High Court.[9]

Creation Of Divisional Benches

On 1 January 1981, it was ordered that the Lahore High Court would create benches at Bahawalpur, Multan and Rawalpindi. The order also specified that the Lahore High Court judges could hold circuit courts anywhere in the province, with judges nominated by the Lahore High Court Chief Justice.

Chief Justices

The first Chief Justice at Lahore was Sir Henry Meredyth Plowden in 1880. The current Chief Justice is Muhammad Ameer Bhatti, incumbent since 6th July 2021 and will be retired on 7th March 2024.

List of chief justices

The following table lists all the chief justices to date.[10]

Portrait Pakistan justice Took office Left office Notes
Chief Court of the Lahore
Sir Henry Meredyth Plowden 1880 1895
Sir Charles Arthur Roe 1895 1898
Sir William Ovens Clark 1898 1909
Sir Arthur Hay Stewart Reid 1909 1914
Sir Alfred Kensington 1914 1915
Sir Donald Campbell Johnstone 1915 1917
Sir Henry Adolphus Rattigan 1917 1919
Lahore High Court
Sir Shadi Lal 1920 1934 First Indian Chief Justice of any High Court in India
Sir John Douglas Young 1934 1943
Sir Arthur Trevor Harries 1943 1946
Sir Mian Abdul Rashid 1946 1948
Muhammad Munir 1949 1954
Sheikh Abdul Rahman 1954 1958
Muhammad Rustam Kayani 1958 1962
Manzur Qadir 1962 1963
Abdul Aziz Khan 1963 1965
Inamullah Khan 1965 1967
Waheed-ud-Din Ahmad 1967 1969
Qadeeruddin Ahmed 1969 1970
Sheikh Anwarul Haq 1970 1972
Sardar Muhammad Iqbal 1972 1976
Aslam Riaz Hussain 1976 1978
Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain 1978 1980
Shamim Hussain Qadri 1980 1982
Javed Iqbal 1982 1986
Ghulam Mujaddid Mirza 1986 1988
Abdul Shakurul Salam 1988 1989
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar 1989 1991
Mian Mahboob Ahmad 1991 1995
Khalil-Ur-Rehman Khan 1996 1996
Sheikh Ijaz Nisar 1996 1997
Sheikh Riaz Ahmad 1997 1997
Rashid Aziz Khan 1997 2000
Mian Allah Nawaz 2000 2000
Falak Sher 2000 2002
Chaudhry Iftikhar Hussain 2002 2007
Sayed Zahid Hussain 2008 2009
Khawaja Muhammad Sharif 2009 2010
Chaudhry Ijaz Ahmed 2010 2011
Azmat Saeed 2011 2012
Umar Ata Bandial 2012 2014
Imtiaz Ahmad 2014 2015
Manzoor Ahmad Malik 2015 2015
Ijazul Ahsan 2015 2016
Syed Mansoor Ali Shah 2016 2018
Muhammad Yawar Ali 2018 2018
Muhammad Anwaarul Haq 2018 2018
Sardar Muhammad Shamim Khan 2019 2019
Mamoon Rashid Sheikh 2020 2020
[Muhammad Qasim Khan]] 2020 2021
Muhammad Ameer Bhatti 2021 Till Date

Current composition

Lahore High Court is headed by a Chief Justice. The bench consist of sixty Justices and additional judges. The retirement age of Chief Justice and Justices is 62 years. The Additional Judges are initially appointed for one year. After that, their services could either be extended or they could be confirmed or they are retired. The current Chief Justice of Lahore High Court is Justice Muhammad Ameer Bhatti and Court is currently made up of the following Justices (in order of seniority).[11]

No. Name Appointment Retirement Note(s)
1 Muhammad Ameer Bhatti 12 May 2011 7 March 2024 Chief Justice Since 06 July 2021[12]
2 Malik Shahzad Ahmed Khan 12 May 2011 14 March 2025 Senior Puisne Judge Since 06 July 2021[13]
3 Shujaat Ali Khan 27 March 2012 22 April 2026
4 Shahid Waheed 27 March 2012 24 December 2028
5 Ali Baqar Najafi 16 April 2012 14 September 2025
6 Shahid Bilal Hassan 12 April 2013 11 March 2027
7 Aalia Neelum 12 April 2013 11 November 2028
8 Abid Aziz Sheikh 12 April 2013 25 April 2029
9 Ch. Muhammad Masood Jahangir 29 October 2013 2 December 2022
10 Sadaqat Ali Khan 29 October 2013 20 January 2029
11 Shams Mehmood Mirza 22 March 2014 6 March 2028
12 Syed Shahbaz Ali Rizvi 22 March 2014 21 April 2028
13 Shahid Jamil Khan 22 March 2014 29 April 2028
14 Faisal Zaman Khan 22 March 2014 30 July 2029
15 Masud Abid Naqvi 7 November 2014 4 July 2026
16 Shahid Karim 7 November 2014 19 August 2026
17 Mirza Viqas Rauf 7 November 2014 26 April 2028
18 Chaudhry Muhammad Iqbal 7 November 2014 31 October 2028
19 Sardar Ahmad Naeem 8 June 2015 30 June 2022
20 Shehram Sarwar Chaudhary 8 June 2015 23 April 2030
21 Muhammad Sajid Mehmood Sethi 8 June 2015 18 May 2030
22 Sardar Muhammad Sarfraz Dogar 8 June 2015 2 July 2030
23 Asjad Javaid Ghural 26 November 2016 29 April 2026
24 Tariq Saleem Sheikh 26 November 2016 23 June 2027
25 Jawad Hassan 26 November 2016 27 July 2029
26 Muzammil Akhtar Shabbir 26 November 2016 13 January 2031
27 Chauhdry Abdul Aziz 26 November 2016 8 September 2033
28 Anwaarul Haq Pannun 23 October 2018 27 March 2025
29 Farooq Haider 23 October 2018 23 April 2030
30 Muhammad Waheed Khan 23 October 2018 27 April 2031
31 Rasaal Hasan Syed 23 October 2018 10 September 2032
32 Asim Hafeez 23 October 2018 13 September 2032
33 Sadiq Mahmud Khurram 23 October 2018 7 January 2035
34 Safdar Salim Shahid 7 May 2021 31 July 2023 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
35 Sohail Nasir 7 May 2021 30 September 2024 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
36 Shakil Ahmed 7 May 2021 11 November 2024 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
37 Ahmad Nadeem Arshad 7 May 2021 1 May 2027 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
38 Mohammad Tariq Nadim 7 May 2021 18 July 2029 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
39 Mohammad Amjad Rafique 7 May 2021 1 February 2032 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
40 Abid Hussain Chathha 7 May 2021 1 April 2034 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
41 Anwaar Hussain 7 May 2021 15 January 2035 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
42 Ali Zia Bajwa 7 May 2021 30 January 2035 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
43 Sultan Tanvir Ahmed 7 May 2021 27 August 2035 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
44 Mohammad Raza Qureshi 7 May 2021 14 September 2035 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
45 Mohammad Shan Gul 7 May 2021 31 October 2035 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
46 Raheel Kamran 7 May 2021 20 January 2036 Appointed as an additional judge for one year, retirement date is subjected to confirmation.
47 Vacant
48 Vacant
49 Vacant
50 Vacant
51 Vacant
52 Vacant
53 Vacant
54 Vacant
55 Vacant
56 Vacant
57 Vacant
58 Vacant
59 Vacant
60 Vacant

[14]

PCO 25 March 1981

The PCO of 1981 also afforded the Lahore High Court these three benches. The judges were required to take oath under the Provisional Constitutional Order. Four judges refused to do so and were relieved of office. Four other judges were not administered the oath, and were also relieved of office.[15]

PCO 26 January 2000

PCO 3 November 2007

See also

References

  1. ^ N. R. Madhava Menon, ed. (2002). Criminal Justice India Series: Punjab, 2002. Allied Publishers. p. 234. ISBN 978-81-7764-490-6.
  2. ^ "Hon'ble Sitting Judges | Lahore High Court". Data.lhc.gov.pk. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Lahore High Court". Lhc.gov.pk. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  4. ^ "History of the High Court | Lahore High Court".
  5. ^ a b c d e f "History of The High Court". Lahore High Court.
  6. ^ Hibbert 2000, p. 221
  7. ^ Nasser Hussain, The Jurisprudence of Emergency: Colonialism and the Rule of Law, University of Michigan Press, 11 Nov 2009, ISBN 0472023519, 9780472023516, p.148
  8. ^ FBR. "Lahore High Court – Federal Board Of Revenue Government Of Pakistan". Fbr.gov.pk. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  9. ^ "150 Years of Lahore High Court!". 150.lhc.gov.pk. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  10. ^ "Former Chief Justices". Lahore High Court. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Automation of Lahore High Court | PITB".
  12. ^ "Justice Muhammad Ameer Bhatti Chief Justice Lahore High Court". Pak Information. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Hon'ble Sitting Judges". Lahore High Court. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  14. ^ "Sitting Judges". Sindh High Court. 2 June 2017.
  15. ^ "History of the High Court". Lahore High Court. Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.