Lancaster, Wisconsin
Lancaster, Wisconsin City Hall in Lancaster in 2021
Lancaster, Wisconsin City Hall in Lancaster in 2021
Location of Lancaster in Grant County, Wisconsin.
Location of Lancaster in Grant County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 42°50′55″N 90°42′38″W / 42.84861°N 90.71056°W / 42.84861; -90.71056Coordinates: 42°50′55″N 90°42′38″W / 42.84861°N 90.71056°W / 42.84861; -90.71056
Country United States
State Wisconsin
CountyGrant
Area
 • Total3.01 sq mi (7.80 km2)
 • Land3.01 sq mi (7.80 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation1,099 ft (335 m)
Population
 • Total3,868
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
3,701
 • Density1,228.34/sq mi (474.27/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
53813
Area code(s)608
FIPS code55-42250[5]
GNIS feature ID1567823[2]
WebsiteCity of Lancaster official website

Lancaster is a city in and the county seat of Grant County, Wisconsin, United States.[6] The population was 3,868 at the 2010 census.

History

Major G.M. Price, a land speculator, laid out the town in 1837. He was persuaded to name it Lancaster by a relative who migrated from Lancaster, Pennsylvania. At Pleasant Ridge, one of the first African-American communities in Wisconsin was founded by the Shepard family in 1849 and settled in the 1850s. Lancaster was the home of the first governor of Wisconsin, Nelson Dewey.

Geography

Lancaster is located at 42°50′55″N 90°42′38″W / 42.848505°N 90.710430°W / 42.848505; -90.710430 (42.848505, −90.710430).[7] Lancaster is located in the unglaciated "Driftless Area" of southwest Wisconsin whose topography is strikingly different from that of the rest of the state.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.04 square miles (7.87 km2), all of it land.[8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,069
18901,54344.3%
19002,40355.7%
19102,329−3.1%
19202,4856.7%
19302,432−2.1%
19402,96321.8%
19503,26610.2%
19603,70313.4%
19703,7561.4%
19804,0768.5%
19904,1922.8%
20004,070−2.9%
20103,868−5.0%
2019 (est.)3,701[4]−4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,868 people, 1,659 households, and 1,037 families living in the city. The population density was 1,272.4 inhabitants per square mile (491.3/km2). There were 1,805 housing units at an average density of 593.8 per square mile (229.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 1,659 households, of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 41.2 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 4,070 people, 1,706 households, and 1,079 families living in the city. The population density was 1,441.1 people per square mile (557.2/km2). There were 1,799 housing units at an average density of 637.0 per square mile (246.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.24% White, 0.07% African American, 0.29% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.

There were 1,706 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,723, and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $30,683 versus $22,331 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,797. About 6.4% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Lancaster Post Office, April 2016
Lancaster Post Office, April 2016

Airports

Lancaster Municipal Airport (73C) serves the city and surrounding communities.

Major highways

Education

Lancaster Community School District is the public school district for the community. The town also has a Catholic school.

Architecture

The Lancaster Municipal Building, April 2016
The Lancaster Municipal Building, April 2016

Lancaster calls itself "The City of the Dome" after the octagonal glass and copper-clad dome of its courthouse, which was designed by Armand Koch and built in 1905. In the spandrels of the courthouse dome are four allegorical murals painted by Franz Edward Rohrbeck.

Grant County, Wisconsin Courthouse
Grant County, Wisconsin Courthouse

The Municipal Building (1922) is an example of Prairie School early modern architecture, which, like the courthouse, has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The L. J. Arthur House, noted for its architecture, is also listed on the National Register.

The Lancaster Post Office contains a Depression-era mural, painted under the Works Progress Administration program in 1940.

The stone and wood Patrick and Margaret Kinney House in Lancaster was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, one of 45 Wright structures in Wisconsin.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.