Krak des Chevaliers was built during the 12th and 13th centuries by the Knights Hospitaller with later additions by Mamluks. It is a World Heritage Site.[1]

This is a list of castles in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, founded or occupied during the Crusades. For crusader castles in Poland and the Baltic states, see Ordensburg.

Sidon's Sea Castle built by the crusaders as a fortress of the holy land in Sidon, Lebanon.

Crusader states

Main article: Crusader states

Geographic location on today's map

Crusader castles by modern states

Cyprus

Kyrenia Castle

Egypt

Greece

Israel

The remains of Belvoir Castle
Monfort castle

Jordan

Montreal (Shaubak)
Kerak

Doubtful proposals

Discarded proposals

Lebanon

Crusader castle in the village of Toron, Lebanon

Palestine

Syria

The remains of Margat

Discarded proposals

Turkey

The ruins of Bagras Castle, viewed from the southeast
The ruins of Amouda Castle

See also

References

  1. ^ Crac des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din, UNESCO, retrieved 2010-11-08
  2. ^ a b c Ellenblum, Ronnie (2007). Crusader Castles and Modern Histories. Cambridge University Press. p. 173. ISBN 9781139462556. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  3. ^ Pringle 1997, p. 107.
  4. ^ Husseini, Rana (December 18, 2016). "Death toll in Karak attacks rises to 14, including four terrorists". Jordan Times. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  5. ^ Pringle 1997, p. 98.
  6. ^ Pringle 1997, p. 105.
  7. ^ Pringle 1997, p. 2.
  8. ^ Belhacem
  9. ^ "Qalaat Areimeh | Monuments of Syria أوابد سورية". monumentsofsyria.com.
  10. ^ "Burj al-Sabi".
  11. ^ "Castles.nl - Cursat Castle". www.castles.nl.
  12. ^ Ravanda Castle
  13. ^ Trapesac castle
  14. ^ Tumlu

Bibliography