This is a chronological list of commanders of the International Space Station. A pre-decided inhabitant of the ISS assumes command upon departure of the previous commander, at the end of an expedition, in a small hand-over ceremony. Their responsibility is defined by the ISS Code of Conduct, which states that the ISS commander has some authority over the operations of the ISS, but should ultimately defer most decisions to the Flight Director.[1]

A typical ISS commander handover ceremony during Expedition 57/58

The commander keeps a symbolic key of the station with them during their tenure, that is, a copy of the handle opening the hatches to the Russian segment. It is passed on to a new astronaut when they replace the existing commander as the new station commander.[2]

Continued international collaboration on ISS missions has been thrown into doubt by the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and related sanctions on Russia.[3]

Responsibilities

List

Completed Expeditions Patch Portrait Commander Assumed command Disavowed command Notes (while in command of the expedition)
Expedition 1
Expedition 1 insignia.svg
William Shepherd.jpg
United States William M. Shepherd[4] 31 October 2000 [4][5] 19 March 2001 First commander of the ISS and also First American Commander of the ISS
Expedition 2
Expedition 2 insignia.svg
Usachev.jpg
Russia Yury Usachev [6] 19 March 2001 [6] 18 August 2001[7] First Russian Commander of ISS
Expedition 3
ISS Expedition 3 Patch.svg
Frank Culbertson Jr.jpg
United States Frank Culbertson[7] 18 August 2001[7] 13 December 2001[8] Only American onboard ISS during September 11 attacks[9]
Expedition 4
Expedition 4 insignia.svg
Yuri Onufrienko.jpg
Russia Yury Onufrienko[8] 13 December 2001[8] 10 June 2002[10]
Expedition 5
Expedition 5 insignia.svg
NASA KorzunGrigorievichValery.jpeg
Russia Valery Korzun[10] 10 June 2002[10] 30 November 2002[11]
Expedition 6
Expedition 6 insignia.svg
KenBowersox.jpg
United States Kenneth Bowersox[11] 30 November 2002[11] 4 May 2003[12]
Expedition 7
Expedition 7 insignia.svg
YMalenchenko Expedition7.jpg
Russia Yuri Malenchenko[12] 4 May 2003[12] 27 October 2003[13] First person to marry in space[14]
Expedition 8
Expedition 8 insignia.svg
Michael Foale - official astronaut portrait.jpg
United States United Kingdom Michael Foale[13] 27 October 2003[13] 26 April 2004[15]
Expedition 9
Expedition 9 insignia.svg
Padalka.jpg
Russia Gennady Padalka[15] 26 April 2004[15] 22 October 2004[16]
Expedition 10
ISS Expedition 10 patch.svg
Leroy Chiao Astronaut.jpg
United States Leroy Chiao[16] 22 October 2004[16] 24 April 2005[17] First Asian-American as commander of ISS
Expedition 11
Expedition 11 insignia.svg
Sergei Krikalev.jpg
Russia Sergei K. Krikalev[17] 24 April 2005[17] 10 October 2005[18]
Expedition 12
ISS Expedition 12 patch.svg
WilliamSMcArthur-NASA.jpg
United States William S. McArthur [18] 10 October 2005[18] 7 April 2006[19]
Expedition 13
ISS Expedition 13 Patch with Reiter.svg
Pavel Vinogradov 2013.jpg
Russia Pavel Vinogradov[19] 7 April 2006[19] 27 September 2006[20]
Expedition 14
ISS Expedition 14 patch.svg
Michael Lopez-Alegria.jpg
United States Michael López-Alegría[20] 27 September 2006[20] 17 April 2007[21]
Expedition 15
ISS Expedition 15 patch.svg
Fyodor Yurchikhin 2013.jpg
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin[21] 17 April 2007[21] 19 October 2007[22]
Expedition 16
ISS Expedition 16 patch.svg
Jsc2009e146742.jpg
United States Peggy Whitson[22] 19 October 2007[22] 17 April 2008[23] First female commander of ISS [24]
Expedition 17
ISS Expedition 17 patch.svg
Sergey volkov Soyuz TMA-02M.jpg
Russia Sergei Volkov[23] 17 April 2008[23] 22 October 2008[25] The youngest person to command the station, at 35
Expedition 18
ISS Expedition 18 patch.svg
Edward Michael Fincke.jpg
United States Michael Fincke[25] 22 October 2008[25] 2 April 2009[26]
Expedition 19
ISS Expedition 19 Patch.svg
Padalka.jpg
Russia Gennady Padalka[26] 2 April 2009[26] 9 October 2009[27] Second time as commander
Expedition 20
ISS Expedition 20 Patch.svg
Expedition 21
ISS Expedition 21 Patch.svg
Frank De Winne 2009.jpg
Belgium Frank De Winne[27] 9 October 2009[27] 1 December 2009[28] First Belgian national as commander
Expedition 22
ISS Expedition 22 Patch.svg
Jeffrey N. Williams 2009.jpg
United States Jeffrey N. Williams[28] 1 December 2009[28] 17 March 2010[29]
Expedition 23
ISS Expedition 23 Patch.svg
Oleg Kotov.jpg
Russia Oleg Kotov[29] 17 March 2010[29] 2 June 2010
Expedition 24
ISS Expedition 24 Patch.svg
Alexander Skvortsov cropped.jpg
Russia Aleksandr Skvortsov 2 June 2010 22 September 2010[30]
Expedition 25
ISS Expedition 25 Patch.png
Wheelock Douglas.jpg
United States Douglas H. Wheelock[30] 22 September 2010[30] 24 November 2010[31]
Expedition 26
ISS Expedition 26 Patch.png
Scott J. Kelly.jpg
United States Scott J. Kelly[31] 24 November 2010[31] 13 March 2011[32]
Expedition 27
ISS Expedition 27 Patch.png
Dmitri Kondratyev 2010.jpg
Russia Dmitri Kondratyev[32] 13 March 2011[32] 22 May 2011[33]
Expedition 28
ISS Expedition 28 Patch.png
Andrei Borisenko 2011.jpg
Russia Andrei Borisenko[33] 22 May 2011[33] 14 September 2011[34]
Expedition 29
ISS Expedition 29 Patch.png
Fossum 0.jpg
United States Mike Fossum[34] 14 September 2011[34] 20 November 2011[35]
Expedition 30
ISS Expedition 30 Patch.png
Daniel Burbank.jpg
United States Dan Burbank[35] 20 November 2011[35] 25 April 2012[36]
Expedition 31
ISS Expedition 31 Patch.png
Russia Oleg Kononenko[36] 25 April 2012[36] 1 July 2012
Expedition 32
ISS Expedition 32 Patch.svg
Padalka.jpg
Russia Gennady Padalka 1 July 2012 15 September 2012[37] Third time as commander
Expedition 33
ISS Expedition 33 Patch.svg
Sunita Williams in 2018.jpg
United States Sunita Williams[37] 15 September 2012[37] 17 November 2012[38]
Expedition 34
ISS Expedition 34 Patch.svg
Kevin A. Ford.jpg
United States Kevin A. Ford[38] 17 November 2012[38] 13 March 2013[39]
Expedition 35
ISS Expedition 35 Patch.svg
Chris Hadfield 2011.jpg
Canada Chris Hadfield[39] 13 March 2013[39] 13 May 2013[40] First Canadian national as commander [39]
Expedition 36
ISS Expedition 36 Patch.png
Pavel Vinogradov 2013.jpg
Russia Pavel Vinogradov[40] 13 May 2013[40] 9 September 2013[41] Second time as commander
Expedition 37
ISS Expedition 37 Patch.png
Fyodor Yurchikhin 2013.jpg
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin[41] 9 September 2013[41] 10 November 2013 Second time as commander
Expedition 38
ISS Expedition 38 Patch.svg
Oleg Kotov.jpg
Russia Oleg Kotov 10 November 2013 9 March 2014[42] Second time as commander
Expedition 39
ISS Expedition 39 Patch.svg
Koichi wakata.jpg
Japan Koichi Wakata[42] 9 March 2014[42] 12 May 2014[43] First ISS commander of Japanese nationality[42]
Expedition 40
ISS Expedition 40 Patch.png
Steven swanson v2.jpg
United States Steven R. Swanson[43] 12 May 2014[43] 9 September 2014[44]
Expedition 41
ISS Expedition 41 Patch.svg
Maxim Suraev.jpg
Russia Maksim Surayev[44] 9 September 2014[44] 10 November 2014[45]
Expedition 42
ISS Expedition 42 Patch.svg
Barry Wilmore.jpg
United States Barry E. Wilmore[45] 10 November 2014[45] 10 March 2015[46]
Expedition 43
ISS Expedition 43 Patch.svg
Terry Virts - official portrait EMU.jpg
United States Terry W. Virts, Jr.[46] 10 March 2015[46] 10 June 2015[47]
Expedition 44
ISS Expedition 44 Patch.svg
Padalka.jpg
Russia Gennady Padalka[47] 10 June 2015[47] 5 September 2015[48] Fourth time as commander;
Set the current record for most time spent in space (878 days)
Expedition 45
ISS Expedition 45 Patch.png
Scott J. Kelly.jpg
United States Scott Kelly[48] 5 September 2015[48] 29 February 2016[49] Second time as commander
Expedition 46
ISS Expedition 46 Patch.svg
Continued his second command in this Expedition too.
Expedition 47
ISS Expedition 47 Patch.svg
TimotyKorpav2.jpg
United States Timothy L. Kopra[49] 29 February 2016[49] 17 June 2016[50]
Expedition 48
ISS Expedition 48 Patch.png
Jeffrey N. Williams 2009.jpg
United States Jeffrey Williams[50] 17 June 2016[50] 5 September 2016[51] Second time as commander
Expedition 49
ISS Expedition 49 Patch.png
Anatoli Ivanishin 2011.jpg
Russia Anatoli Ivanishin[51] 5 September 2016[51] 28 October 2016[52]
Expedition 50
ISS Expedition 50 Patch.png
Shanekimbroughv2.jpg
United States Robert S. Kimbrough[52] 28 October 2016[52] 9 April 2017[53]
Expedition 51
ISS Expedition 51 Patch.svg
Jsc2009e146742.jpg
United States Peggy A. Whitson [53] 9 April 2017[53] 1 June 2017 Second time as commander
Expedition 52
ISS Expedition 52 Patch.svg
Fyodor Yurchikhin 2013.jpg
Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin[54] 1 June 2017 [54] 1 September 2017[55] Third time as commander
Expedition 53
ISS Expedition 53 Patch.png
Randolph J. Bresnik.jpg
United States Randolph J. Bresnik[55] 1 September 2017[55] 13 December 2017[56]
Expedition 54
ISS Expedition 54 Patch.svg
Aleksandr Misurkin in 2017.jpg
Russia Alexander Misurkin[56] 13 December 2017[56] 26 February 2018[57]
Expedition 55
ISS Expedition 55 Patch.svg
Expedition 53 Qualification Exams (NHQ201708300012) (cropped).jpg
Russia Anton Shkaplerov[57] 26 February 2018[57] 1 June 2018[58]
Expedition 56
ISS Expedition 56 Patch.svg
Andrewfeustelv2.jpg
United States Andrew Feustel[58] 1 June 2018[58] 4 October 2018[59]
Expedition 57
ISS Expedition 57 Patch.svg
Alexander Gerst, official portrait in 2017.jpg
Germany Alexander Gerst[59] 4 October 2018[59] 18 December 2018[60] First German national and second youngest person to command the station, at 42
Expedition 58
ISS Expedition 58 Patch.svg
Russia Oleg Kononenko[60] 18 December 2018[60] 24 June 2019[61] Second time as commander
Expedition 59
ISS Expedition 59 Patch.svg
Continued his second command in this Expedition too.
Expedition 60
ISS Expedition 60 Patch.svg
Aleksey Ovchinin.jpg
Russia Aleksey Ovchinin[61] 24 June 2019[61] 2 October 2019[62]
Expedition 61
ISS Expedition 61 Patch.svg
Luca Parmitano EMU.jpg
Italy Luca Parmitano[62] 2 October 2019 [62] 6 February 2020[63] First Italian national as commander
Expedition 62
ISS Expedition 62 Patch.png
Oleg Skripochka.jpg
Russia Oleg Skripochka[63] 6 February 2020[63] 15 April 2020[64]
Expedition 63
ISS Expedition 63 Patch.png
Chris Cassidy - Official NASA Astronaut Portrait in EMU.jpg
United States Chris Cassidy[64] 15 April 2020[64] 21 October 2020
Expedition 64
ISS Expedition 64 Patch.png
Sergey Ryzhikov at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City.jpg
Russia Sergey Ryzhikov[65][66][67] 21 October 2020 15 April 2021
Expedition 65
ISS Expedition 65 Patch.png
Shannon Walker official portrait 2020 (cropped).jpg
United States Shannon Walker 15 April 2021 27 April 2021 Shortest term as commander, at 11 days
Akihiko Hoshide 2012.jpg
Japan Akihiko Hoshide[68] 27 April 2021 4 October 2021 Second ISS commander of Japanese nationality.
Thomas Pesquet, official portrait in EMU (2020).jpg
France Thomas Pesquet[69] 4 October 2021 8 November 2021 First French national as commander.
Expedition 66
ISS Expedition 66 Patch.svg
Continued his first ISS command in this Expedition too.
Expedition 53 Qualification Exams (NHQ201708300012) (cropped).jpg
Russia Anton Shkaplerov[70] 8 November 2021 28 March 2022 Second time as commander.
Expedition 67
ISS Expedition 67 Patch.png
SpaceX Crew-3 Pilot Thomas Marshburn.jpg
United States Thomas Marshburn[71][72] 29 March 2022 4 May 2022
Oleg Artemyev in 2021.jpg
Russia Oleg Artemyev 4 May 2022 2022 Current ISS commander.
Future Expeditions Patch Portrait Commander Assumed command Disavowed command Notes

Statistics

A Russian national has commanded the station 30 times. A US national has commanded the station 28 times including the current one.[Note 1] A Japanese national has commanded the station 2 times. Belgian, British,[Note 1] Canadian, German, Italian and French nationals have commanded the station once each.

Gennady Padalka has commanded the station on 4 separate occasions, more than any other inhabitant.

Fyodor Yurchikhin has commanded the station thrice. Scott Kelly, Oleg Kononenko, Oleg Kotov, Anton Shkaplerov, Pavel Vinogradov, Peggy Whitson and Jeffrey Williams have commanded the station twice each.

See also

References

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    Дублирующий: Олег Новицкий, Пётр Дубров.
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Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Including dual-national Michael Foale