Table of dates of Easter 2001–2025 (in Gregorian dates)[1]
Year Full Moon Jewish Passover [note 1] Astronomical Easter [note 2] Gregorian Easter Julian Easter
2001 April 8 April 15
2002 March 28 March 31 May 5
2003 April 16 April 17 April 20 April 27
2004 April 5 April 6 April 11
2005 March 25 April 24 March 27 May 1
2006 April 13 April 16 April 23
2007 April 2 April 3 April 8
2008 March 21 April 20 March 23 April 27
2009 April 9 April 12 April 19
2010 March 30 April 4
2011 April 18 April 19 April 24
2012 April 6 April 7 April 8 April 15
2013 March 27 March 26 March 31 May 5
2014 April 15 April 20
2015 April 4 April 5 April 12
2016 March 23 April 23 March 27 May 1
2017 April 11 April 16
2018 March 31 April 1 April 8
2019 March 20 April 20 March 24 April 21 April 28
2020 April 8 April 9 April 12 April 19
2021 March 28 April 4 May 2
2022 April 16 April 17 April 24
2023 April 6 April 9 April 16
2024 March 25 April 23 March 31 May 5
2025 April 13 April 20
  1. ^ Jewish Passover is on Nisan 15 of its calendar. It commences at sunset preceding the date indicated (as does Easter in many traditions).
  2. ^ Astronomical Easter is the first Sunday after the astronomical full moon after the astronomical March equinox as measured at the meridian of Jerusalem according to this WCC proposal.

This is a list of dates for Easter. The Easter dates also affect when Ash Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Feast of the Ascension and Pentecost occur, consequently determining the liturgical year except the calendar of saints, feasts of the Annunciation and the nativities of St. John, the Baptist and Jesus. Easter may occur on different dates in the Gregorian Calendar (Western) and the Julian Calendar (Orthodox or Eastern). The accompanying table provides both sets of dates, for recent and forthcoming years — see the computus article for more details on the calculation.

Earliest Easter

Western (Gregorian)

In 1818 the Paschal Full Moon fell on Saturday, March 21 (the equinox). Therefore, the following day, March 22, was Easter. It will not fall as early again until 2285, a span of 467 years. The next earliest Easter, March 23, in that timespan occurred in 1845, 1856, and 2008 and will again occur in 2160. These are gaps of 11, 57, 95, and 152 years. Easter last occurred on March 24 in 1940 and will not occur on that day again until 2391, a 451-year gap.

The earliest week by international standard reckoning is W12, and the 12th Sunday of the year is also the earliest possible Easter Sunday.

Orthodox (Julian)

The earliest dates for Easter in the Eastern Orthodox Church between 1875 and 2099 are April 4, 1915 and April 4, 2010 (Gregorian). Both dates are equivalent to 22 March in the Julian Calendar.

Latest Easter

Western (Gregorian)

In 1943 Easter fell on Sunday, April 25. The last ecclesiastical full moon preceding the Paschal did not occur until Saturday, March 20; prior to March 21, the fixed date to which the vernal equinox is assigned for the purposes of the computus, meaning the Paschal full moon did not happen until Sunday, April 18. Consequently, Easter was the following Sunday, April 25. Easter will next occur as late again in 2038—a span of 95 years. April 25 of common years is also the only case in which Easter is in ISO week W17, otherwise all occurences after April 18 (including April 25 of leap years) are in W16. In several cases, Easter falls onto the latest possible, 17th Sunday of the year.

The second latest date for Easter, April 24, occurred in 2011. The last time this occurred before was in 1859 and it will not happen again until 2095—spans of 152 and 84 years.

Orthodox (Julian)

The latest dates for Orthodox Easter between 1875 and 2099 are May 8, 1983, and May 8, 2078 (Gregorian). Both dates are equivalent to April 25 in the Julian Calendar. Orthodox Easter has never fallen on Gregorian May 7 yet; it will happen in 2051 unless these churches change to another calendar.

Beginning March 14, 2100 (February 29, 2100, in the Julian Calendar), the difference between the Julian and Gregorian calendars will increase to 14 days.

Western and Orthodox Easter on the same date

Despite using calendars that are apart by 13 days, Western Easter and Orthodox Easter occasionally fall on the same date, as happened in 2010, 2011, 2014, and 2017. For example, according to the Western (Gregorian) calendar, the first Paschal Full Moon after the Spring Equinox (March 21) fell on Monday, April 14, 2014. The following Sunday, April 20, was, therefore, Easter Day.

According to the Orthodox (Julian) calendar (which is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar), the Spring Equinox also falls on March 21. However, in the Gregorian Calendar, this is April 3. The first Orthodox Full Moon after the Equinox falls on (Julian) Tuesday, April 2, 2014 (Gregorian April 15). The following Sunday, (Julian) April 7, is, therefore, Easter Day (Gregorian April 20).

Range of dates for Western and Orthodox Easter

Both calendars (Gregorian and Julian) calculate Easter as falling on dates between March 22 and April 25 on their calendars. However, because of the 13-day difference, any member of an Orthodox church would observe that the Western Easter falls between March 10 and April 12 on the Julian calendar. Conversely, any member of a Western church would observe that Orthodox Easter falls between April 4 and May 8 on the Gregorian calendar.

Week of Easter

Sundays on the dates March 22 through April 25 in the Gregorian calendar may be the 81st through 116th day of the year. They occur as the last day of ISO week number W12 through W17 and are also the 12th through 17th Sunday of the year, but these numbers mismatch in some years. They are the fourth or fifth Sunday in March or the first through fourth Sunday in April.

Weeks and ordinal Sundays of the 35 variant Gregorian Easter dates
Variant Easter Sunday Day of the year ISO week nth Sunday
1 March 22 081 082 12
2 March 23 082 083 12
3 March 24 083 084 12
4 March 25 084 085 12 12 13
5 March 26 085 086 12 13
6 March 27 086 087 12 13
7 March 28 087 088 12 13 13
8 March 29 088 089 13
9 March 30 089 090 13
10 March 31 090 091 13
11 April 1 091 092 13 13 14
12 April 2 092 093 13 14
13 April 3 093 094 13 14
14 April 4 094 095 13 14 14
15 April 5 095 096 14
16 April 6 096 097 14
17 April 7 097 098 14
18 April 8 098 099 14 14 15
19 April 9 099 100 14 15
20 April 10 100 101 14 15
21 April 11 101 102 14 15 15
22 April 12 102 103 15
23 April 13 103 104 15
24 April 14 104 105 15
25 April 15 105 106 15 15 16
26 April 16 106 107 15 16
27 April 17 107 108 15 16
28 April 18 108 109 15 16 16
29 April 19 109 110 16
30 April 20 110 111 16
31 April 21 111 112 16
32 April 22 112 113 16 16 17
33 April 23 113 114 16 17
34 April 24 114 115 16 17
35 April 25 115 116 16 17 17

Public holidays

This section needs expansion with: details of Easter holidays in other countries; this section currently only mentions those with a four-day weekend. You can help by adding to it. (April 2018)

In Canada, Hungary, Kenya, the United Kingdom (except Scotland), Hong Kong, Australia, South Africa, Slovakia, Germany, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland and New Zealand, Easter has two public holidays, Good Friday and Easter Monday, making a four-day weekend. The movable date of Easter sometimes brings it into conflict with other, fixed or moveable, public holidays.

References

  1. ^ "Towards a Common Date for Easter". Aleppo, Syria: World Council of Churches (WCC) / Middle East Council of Churches Consultation (MECC). 10 March 1997.
  2. ^ "Royal Wedding Bank Holiday in the United Kingdom".
  3. ^ "Irish bishops move St. Patrick's Day 2008 over conflict with Holy Week". Catholic News Agency. July 19, 2007. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  4. ^ "National Holidays in Australia in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  5. ^ GovHK (www.gov.hk). "GovHK: General holidays for 2021". www.gov.hk. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  6. ^ "Easter Monday in the United States". TimeandDate.com. Retrieved October 25, 2016.