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Lynden
Lynden, Washington - Front Street 04.jpg
Lynden, Washington - Waples Mercantile Building 02.jpg
Lynden, Washington - Post Office 01.jpg
From top: view of Downtown Lynden from Front Street, view of Waples Mercantile Building, United States Postal Service
Nickname(s): 
Gem City[1][2][3]
Queen of the Nooksack Valley[1][4][5]
Location of Lynden, Washington
Location of Lynden, Washington
Coordinates: 48°56′48″N 122°27′25″W / 48.94667°N 122.45694°W / 48.94667; -122.45694Coordinates: 48°56′48″N 122°27′25″W / 48.94667°N 122.45694°W / 48.94667; -122.45694
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyWhatcom
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorScott Korthuis
Area
 • Total5.45 sq mi (14.10 km2)
 • Land5.43 sq mi (14.08 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
108 ft (33 m)
Population
 • Total11,951
 • Estimate 
(2019)[8]
15,223
 • Density2,800.92/sq mi (1,081.54/km2)
Demonym(s)Lyndenite
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98264
Area code360
FIPS code53-40805
GNIS feature ID1506392[9]
Websitelyndenwa.org

Lynden is the second largest city in Whatcom County, Washington, United States. It is located 15 miles (24 km) north of Bellingham and approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) south of the Canada–US border. The city was established in 1874 near the site of the Nooksack Indian village Squahalish (Nooksack: Sqwehálich).

The city is located along the Nooksack River and State Route 539. The population of Lynden is about 14,259 according to the United States Census Bureau. Lynden is also home to the annual Northwest Washington Fair.

History

Further information: Phoebe Judson

Lynden was begun[clarification needed] in 1871 and established in 1874 by Holden and Phoebe Judson near the site of the Nooksack Indian village Squahalish (Nooksack: Sqwehálich). It was named by Phoebe Judson after the riverside town in Hohenlinden, a poem by Thomas Campbell. According to her book, A Pioneer's Search for an Ideal Home, she changed the spelling of "Linden" to be more visually appealing. Lynden was officially incorporated as a city on March 16, 1891.[citation needed]

The city lies in a broad valley formed by the Nooksack River, which empties into nearby Bellingham Bay. The surrounding area is filled with dairy, raspberry, strawberry, and blueberry farms. The region saw significant Dutch immigration in the early and mid 1900s, spurring the growth of dairies. The city pays homage to its Dutch heritage through the design of buildings on Front Street and local businesses with "Dutch" names and products. In the early 21st century, the population has nearly doubled in size, with Dutch being more predominate than other ethnic ancestry.[citation needed]

In 2005, a drug smuggling tunnel was discovered in Lynden, built by a band of Canadian smugglers in the basement of a residence 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Lynden along the Canada–US border. At the time this was the only known drug tunnel along the US-Canada border.[citation needed]

In May 2016, during the run-up to the 2016 United States presidential election, Donald Trump held a rally in Lynden, marking the first time that the presumptive presidential nominee of a U.S. major political party visited the city during a general election year.[10]

Geography

The Nooksack River runs along a short portion of the city's southern border.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.18 square miles (13.42 km2), of which, 5.17 square miles (13.39 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[11]

Surrounding communities

Climate

Lynden has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) typical of the North Coast, that is characterized by warm (but not hot) dry summers, and mild to chilly rainy winters. In Lynden's case the climate is moderated by the proximity to the Pacific Ocean with small temperature variations on average throughout the year, resulting in mild year-round temperatures, although winter months can get quite cool. Average high temperatures range from 44.6 °F (7.0 °C) in January to 73.6 °F (23.1 °C) in August. Lynden on average has very wet winters and summers with a few days of rainfall, also representative for the region.

Climate data for Lynden, WA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 59.0
(15.0)
64.0
(17.8)
63.0
(17.2)
75.0
(23.9)
86.0
(30.0)
106.0
(41.1)
88.0
(31.1)
88.0
(31.1)
84.0
(28.9)
74.0
(23.3)
63.0
(17.2)
57.0
(13.9)
106.0
(41.1)
Average high °F (°C) 44.6
(7.0)
48.1
(8.9)
52.6
(11.4)
58.0
(14.4)
63.9
(17.7)
68.7
(20.4)
73.2
(22.9)
73.6
(23.1)
68.3
(20.2)
58.2
(14.6)
49.1
(9.5)
43.3
(6.3)
58.5
(14.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 39.2
(4.0)
41.2
(5.1)
45.0
(7.2)
49.5
(9.7)
55.1
(12.8)
59.9
(15.5)
63.4
(17.4)
63.4
(17.4)
58.3
(14.6)
50.5
(10.3)
43.3
(6.3)
38.1
(3.4)
50.6
(10.3)
Average low °F (°C) 33.7
(0.9)
34.3
(1.3)
37.3
(2.9)
40.9
(4.9)
46.2
(7.9)
51.0
(10.6)
53.6
(12.0)
53.1
(11.7)
48.2
(9.0)
42.7
(5.9)
37.5
(3.1)
32.9
(0.5)
42.6
(5.9)
Record low °F (°C) 10.0
(−12.2)
12.0
(−11.1)
19.0
(−7.2)
28.0
(−2.2)
37.0
(2.8)
39.0
(3.9)
41.0
(5.0)
44.0
(6.7)
39.0
(3.9)
21.0
(−6.1)
7.0
(−13.9)
7.0
(−13.9)
7.0
(−13.9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.5
(140)
3.4
(86)
3.8
(97)
3.1
(79)
2.9
(74)
2.2
(56)
1.4
(36)
1.4
(36)
2.2
(56)
4.2
(110)
6.4
(160)
5.0
(130)
41.5
(1,060)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.7
(6.9)
1.8
(4.6)
0.6
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.9
(2.3)
2.8
(7.1)
8.9
(22.65)
Average precipitation days 18 14 17 15 23 11 6 6 9 15 20 18 172
Average snowy days 1.6 1.1 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 1.4 5
Source 1: [12]
Source 2: [13]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890560
1900365−34.8%
19101,148214.5%
19201,2448.4%
19301,56425.7%
19401,6968.4%
19502,16127.4%
19602,54217.6%
19702,80810.5%
19804,02243.2%
19905,70941.9%
20009,02058.0%
201011,95132.5%
2019 (est.)15,223[8]27.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2018 Estimate[15]


2010 census

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 11,951 people, 4,594 households, and 3,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,311.6 inhabitants per square mile (892.5/km2). There were 4,812 housing units at an average density of 930.8 per square mile (359.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.9% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 4.0% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.7% of the population.

There were 4,594 households, of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.3% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,020 people, 3,426 households, and 2,500 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,208.8 people per square mile (853.6/km2). There were 3,592 housing units at an average density of 879.6 per square mile (339.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.07% White, 0.27% African American, 0.45% Native American, 2.26% Asian, 2.51% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.73% of the population.

There were 3,426 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,767, and the median income for a family was $50,449. Males had a median income of $39,597 versus $23,292 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,639. About 4.1% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

There are three public elementary schools in Lynden: Isom Elementary, Bernice Vossbeck, and Fisher Elementary. There is also the private Lynden Christian Elementary. There is one public middle school (Lynden Middle School), which moved to a new building in 2018, and also the private Lynden Christian Middle School. The two main high schools are Lynden High School and Lynden Christian High School. There are also several much smaller private schools in the area such as Cornerstone Christian School, Covenant Christian School, and Ebenezer Christian School.

Culture

Events

The Raspberry Festival is held annually during the third weekend in July. The festival includes a basketball tournament, a car show, a fun run, a rock climbing wall, tours of raspberry fields and wineries, and a day-long ice cream social. Other notable events in Lynden include the Farmer's Day Parade, the Sinterklaas/Lighted Christmas Parade, the Antique Tractor Show, and many other events that can be seen in more detail at Lynden's website calendar.[16]

In August, the annual Northwest Washington Fair lures over 200,000 people and allows Whatcom County residents to display the agricultural products, art, crafts, and wares. This regional fair is highly regarded as one of the best family friendly fairs in the state.[citation needed]

Religion

The city is noted for its abundance of churches. At one time, Lynden claimed to hold the world record for most churches per square mile and per capita, although that is unsubstantiated.[citation needed] Due to the town's large population of those who attend or are members of Lynden's many churches[citation needed], the town has had a long tradition of most businesses closing on Sunday.[17] In recent years, businesses have started to open on Sundays, as in other communities, but the area remains mostly unchanged. Similarly, a law of 41 years prohibiting Sunday alcohol sales was repealed on October 20, 2008 due to a shift in public opinion.[18]

Sister city

Lynden has one sister city[19]

Notable people

Transportation

Lynden is served by two state highways: State Route 539, which travels north to the Canadian border and south to Bellingham; and State Route 546, which travels east towards Sumas.[22] The city is home to Lynden Municipal Airport (Jansen Field), located between Benson and Depot roads, with private residences connected to the taxiways.[23] Lynden is also connected via a short branch of the BNSF Railway system, traveling east to a junction with the Sumas Subdivision.[24]

The Whatcom Transportation Authority provides bus service on Route 26 between Lynden and Cordata Station in Bellingham.[25][26]

References

  1. ^ a b Judson, Phoebe Goodell (1984) [1925]. A Pioneer's Search for an Ideal Home: A Book of Personal Memoirs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. p. 308. ISBN 0-8032-2563-6.
  2. ^ The "Gem City" of Twenty Years Ago Archived September 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Lynden Tribune Archived 2008-05-13 at archive.today
  4. ^ The Blaine Journal Archived August 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ USGenWeb Project – Lynden: The Queen of the Nooksack Valley Archived July 17, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  8. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau. May 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ Staff, Seattle Times (2016-05-07). "Trump in Lynden: Scornful of doubters and confident in November victory". The Seattle Times.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  12. ^ "Lynden; WA". Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Lynden, WA". Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  16. ^ Lynden.org
  17. ^ Nelson, Robert T. (October 8, 2000). "Change comes to Lynden". The Seattle Times. p. G1. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  18. ^ Taylor, Sam (2008-10-21). "Lynden repeals Sunday liquor ban". The Seattle Times.
  19. ^ Ltgov.wa.gov
  20. ^ Wsba.org
  21. ^ Baseball-reference.com
  22. ^ "Corridor Sketch Summary – SR 546/SR 9: SR 546/SR 539 Jct to SR 9 to Canadian Border" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. March 26, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  23. ^ "Lynden Municipal Airport: Airport Layout Plan and Narriative Report" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. September 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  24. ^ "Statewide Rail Capacity and System Needs Study: Task 1.1.A – Washington State's Freight Rail System" (PDF). Washington State Transportation Commission. May 2006. p. 12. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  25. ^ "Route 26 - WTA Schedules". Whatcom Transportation Authority.
  26. ^ "All WTA routes free during Lynden fair week". Lynden Tribune. August 8, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.