Madison, New Hampshire
Town
Madison Town Hall
Coordinates: 43°53′57″N 71°09′00″W / 43.89917°N 71.15000°W / 43.89917; -71.15000Coordinates: 43°53′57″N 71°09′00″W / 43.89917°N 71.15000°W / 43.89917; -71.15000
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyCarroll
Incorporated1852
VillagesMadison
East Madison
Eidelweiss
Silver Lake
Government
 • Board of SelectmenJohn Arruda, Chair
William T. Lord
Josh L. Shackford
 • Town AdministratorLinda Shackford
Area
 • Total40.9 sq mi (105.9 km2)
 • Land38.5 sq mi (99.7 km2)
 • Water2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)  5.84%
Elevation564 ft (172 m)
Population
 (2020)[3]
 • Total2,565
 • Density67/sq mi (25.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03849 (Madison)
03875 (Silver Lake)
03818 (Conway)
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-45060
GNIS feature ID0873657[2]
Websitewww.madison-nh.org

Madison is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,565 at the 2020 census.[3] Madison includes the village of Silver Lake and the village district of Eidelweiss.

History

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The area was one of the first to have land grants set aside for soldiers who had served in the French and Indian War. The land covered by these grants, parts of Eaton and Albany, was incorporated in 1852 as "Madison", in honor of President James Madison,[4] who was born 100 years earlier.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.9 square miles (105.9 km2), of which 38.5 square miles (99.7 km2) are land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) are water, comprising 5.84% of the town.[1]

Madison is drained by Forrest Brook and Silver Lake to the south and by Pequawket Brook to the north.[5] The entire town is part of the Saco River watershed. The highest point in Madison is the summit of Lyman Mountain in the eastern part of the town, at 1,558 feet (475 m) above sea level.[6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860826
1870646−21.8%
1880586−9.3%
1890554−5.5%
1900529−4.5%
1910507−4.2%
1920482−4.9%
193053511.0%
1940512−4.3%
1950486−5.1%
1960429−11.7%
197057233.3%
19801,05183.7%
19901,70462.1%
20001,98416.4%
20102,50226.1%
20202,5652.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[3][7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,984 people, 777 households, and 560 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.2 people per square mile (19.8/km2). There were 1,589 housing units at an average density of 41.0 per square mile (15.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.78% White, 0.05% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.

There were 777 households, out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,523, and the median income for a family was $51,080. Males had a median income of $32,422 versus $22,159 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,608. About 2.0% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

Madison Boulder Natural Area

Madison Boulder c. 1922
Madison Boulder c. 1922

The town is home to the Madison Boulder (43°55′52″N 71°10′04″W / 43.93111°N 71.16778°W / 43.93111; -71.16778), the largest known glacial erratic in New England, and among the largest in the world. Madison Boulder is a huge granite rock measuring 83 feet (25 m) in length, 23 feet (7.0 m) in height above the ground, and 37 feet (11 m) in width. It weighs upwards of 5,000 tons. A part of this roughly rectangular block is buried, probably to a depth of ten to twelve feet. It is located at Madison Boulder Natural Area in the northwest part of town.[9] In 1970, Madison Boulder was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service.[10]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Madison, New Hampshire
  3. ^ a b c "Madison town, Carroll County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196.
  5. ^ Silver Lake, NH, 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangle, USGS, 1995 (200 rev.)
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Madison, New Hampshire
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Madison Boulder Natural Area". NH State Parks. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  10. ^ "National Natural Landmarks - National Natural Landmarks (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-24. a rectangular granite boulder is the largest known glacial erratic in North America.
  11. ^ Bloom, Harold, ed. (2003). E. E. Cummings. Chelsea House Publishers. p. 12.