for the House of Commons
|Electorate||89,519 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Ardwick, Ancoats, Deansgate, Manchester City Centre, Openshaw, Moston|
|Member of Parliament||Lucy Powell (Labour Co-operative)|
|Created from||Manchester Exchange and Manchester Cheetham|
Manchester Central is a parliamentary constituency[n 1] in Greater Manchester created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Lucy Powell of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.[n 2]
The seat covers the city centre and all its major attractions and both of Manchester's large universities, and fringe areas such as Hulme and Ancoats which have undergone extensive regeneration since the 1990s, an example of which is the New Islington development. Flats in the city centre can sell for several million pounds while there are more deprived areas to the east, including Moston, Beswick and Ardwick. There is a high proportion of graduates and students in the city centre, and the constituency as a whole has the highest proportion of Chinese people in the country. Moss Side is home to a large Afro-Caribbean population.
This constituency has always (since its 1974 creation) been a safe Labour seat. The current MP Lucy Powell won the seat in a by-election in November 2012 on a turnout of just 18%, the lowest since the Second World War. Twelve candidates stood, considerably more than the six who stood in the 1979 by-election.
The main forerunner to the seat was Manchester Cheetham, entirely taken into this area; three of five wards of former seat Manchester Exchange completed the first set of boundaries of the seat. The seat (including predecessor seats) has been held by the Labour Party since 1945.
Labour candidates have won Manchester Central by a decidedly non-marginal majority since its 1974 creation. The current MP Lucy Powell won the seat at a by-election in November 2012 on a turnout of 18%; the lowest since the Second World War.
The 2015 general election saw greater-than-national-average swing of +3.4% (by a swing of +6.2%) to the Green Party candidate, achieving third place. Followed next by UKIP in 2015 by number of votes cast (prior to the UK EU membership referendum 2016, votes cast for the Liberal Democrats — who for two periods had been the runner-up party in Manchester Central — for the first time placed its candidate in fifth place. The Conservative Party returned to second place in 2015 through candidate Xingang Wang (achieving 13.5% of the vote); its second place of 1979 was through its best polling to date of 22.1% of the vote. The maximal second place to date was 2010, through Liberal Democrat candidate, Marc Ramsbottom, taking 26.6% of the vote.
Turnout has changed from a national low within the 2010 general election (of 46.7%) to 55.1% of electors. The greatest turnout was in 1987, with 63.9%.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Manchester wards of Beswick, Cheetham, Collegiate Church, Harpurhey, and Miles Platting.
1983–1997: The City of Manchester wards of Ardwick, Beswick and Clayton, Bradford, Central, Cheetham, Hulme, and Newton Heath.
1997–2010: As above, less Cheetham, plus Moss Side, and Whalley Range.
2010–: The City of Manchester wards of Ancoats & Clayton, Ardwick, Bradford, City Centre, Hulme, Miles Platting & Newton Heath, Moss Side, and Moston using the 2004-2018 boundaries.
In 2018 the Local Government Boundary Commission for England (LGBCE) implemented changes to Manchester's electoral wards. For the purposes of parliamentary elections the 2004-2018 ward boundaries are used.
|Feb 1974||Harold Lever||Labour||MP for Manchester Exchange from 1945 and for Manchester Cheetham from 1950. Resigned July 1979 on being raised to the peerage|
|1979 by-election||Bob Litherland||Labour|
|1997||Tony Lloyd||Labour||MP for Stretford from 1983. Resigned October 2012 to run for Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner. MP for Rochdale since 2017|
|2012 by-election||Lucy Powell||Labour Co-op|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||36,823||70.4||−7.0|
|Liberal Democrats||John Bridges||3,420||6.5||+3.1|
|Brexit Party||Sarah Chadwick||2,335||4.5||New|
|Socialist Equality||Dennis Leech||107||0.2||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−3.8|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||38,490||77.4||+16.1|
|Liberal Democrats||John Bridges||1,678||3.4||−0.7|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+7.7|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||27,772||61.3||+8.6|
|Liberal Democrats||John Reid||1,867||4.1||−22.5|
|Communist League||John Davies||72||0.2||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+3.4|
|Labour Co-op||Lucy Powell||11,507||69.1||+16.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Marc Ramsbottom||1,571||9.4||−17.2|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||78||0.5||New|
|People's Democratic Party||Lee Holmes||71||0.4||New|
|Communist League||Peter Clifford||64||0.4||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Marc Ramsbottom||10,620||26.6||+5.6|
|Socialist Labour||Ron Sinclair||153||0.4||−0.2|
|Workers Revolutionary||Jonty Leff||59||0.1||New|
|Socialist Equality||Robert Skelton||54||0.1||New|
This was the lowest turnout for any constituency in the whole of the United Kingdom
|Labour Co-op||Tony Lloyd||16,993||58.1||−10.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Marc Ramsbottom||7,217||24.7||+9.0|
|National Front||Richard Kemp||421||1.4||New|
|Independent Progressive Labour||Damien O'Connor||382||1.3||New|
|Socialist Labour||Ronald Sinclair||183||0.6||−1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Phylip Hobson||4,070||15.7||+3.4|
|Socialist Labour||Ron Sinclair||484||1.9||−0.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Terrenia Brosnan||216||0.8||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−3.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Alison Firth||4,121||12.3||+2.5|
|Socialist Labour||Francis Rafferty||810||2.4||New|
|Communist League||Timothy Rigby||97||0.3||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Clayton||3,151||9.8||−3.2|
|Natural Law||Vivienne Mitchell||167||0.5||New|
|Communist League||Andrew Buchanan||167||0.5||New|
|National Front||Alfred Coles||729||1.7||−0.1|
|Independent Labour||Syed Ala-Ud-Din||187||1.8||New|
|Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident.||Bill Boaks||12||0.1||New|
|National Front||Derek Benthall||365||1.8||New|
|Labour win (new seat)|