Kyai Hadji Masjkur
5th Indonesian Minister of Religious Affairs
In office
11 November 1947 – 21 January 1950
Preceded byAnwaruddin
Succeeded byWahid Hasyim
In office
30 July 1953 – 12 August 1955
Preceded byFakih Usman
Succeeded byMuhammad Ilyas
Personal details
Born(1917-12-15)15 December 1917
Malang, East Java, Dutch East Indies
Died25 December 1994(1994-12-25) (aged 77)
Malang, Indonesia
Political partyNahdlatul Ulama

K.H. Masjkur (EISS: Masykur; 15 December 1917 ‒ 25 December 1994) was the Minister of Religion of Indonesia in the years 1947–1949 and 1953–1955. He was also a member of House of Representatives of Indonesia in 1956–1971 and a member of Supreme Advisory Council in 1968.[1][2]

Masjkur was prominently involved in the struggle for independence in the days of the Japanese occupation, as a member of the Board of Inquiry Efforts Preparation of Indonesian Independence. Masjkur was also noted as the founder of Homeland Defenders (PETA), a Japanese backed militia made in preparation of a possible allied invasion, and a predecessor to the Indonesian National Armed Forces. When the battle of Surabaya broke out, he supported the Laskar Hizbullah with his own wealth. His Islamic boarding school is also being used to train Laskar Hizbullah's forces.[3]


  1. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (2022-07-10). "Biografi Singkat KH Masjkur: Menteri Agama di Era Soekarno Halaman all". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2024-02-05.
  2. ^ developer, medcom id (2023-11-09). "Mengenal KH Masjkur, Pahlawan Nasional yang Berjasa pada Perkembangan Haji Indonesia". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2024-02-05.
  3. ^ Okezone (2022-11-08). "Peran KH Masjkur, Sahabat Bung Karno di Pertempuran Surabaya : Okezone Nasional". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2024-02-05.