|First Mayor of Hamburg|
22 November 1946 – 2 December 1953
|Preceded by||Rudolf Hieronymus Petersen|
|Succeeded by||Kurt Sieveking|
4 December 1957 – 31 December 1960
|Preceded by||Kurt Sieveking|
|Succeeded by||Paul Nevermann|
|Born||3 September 1887|
|Died||2 February 1973 (aged 85)|
|Political party||Social Democratic Party (SPD)|
Max Julius Friedrich Brauer (3 September 1887 – 2 February 1973) was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the first elected First Mayor of Hamburg after World War II.
In 1923 Brauer was mayor of the independent city of Altona, Prussia, incorporated into Hamburg after 1937. Brauer fled the Nazi regime to the United States in 1933 with a passport of a friend. In 1934 Brauer's German citizenship was revoked. In July 1946 he came back to Hamburg working for the American Federation of Labor. In October 1946 after the election of the Hamburg Parliament, Brauer was elected as the First Mayor of Hamburg. After Brauer complained in a letter to the British forces about the supply shortfall in Hamburg, the British Governor Vaugham H. Berry stopped the heating in the officers' mess until there were a solution.
16 October 1949, the second Hamburg Parliament election took place. Brauer's party, the SPD, got 65 of the 120 seats there. His new Hamburg government ("Senat Brauer II") started February 1950. In October 1953, the next election took place. The SPD got only 58 of the 120 seats; an alliance including the CDU got the other 62 seats. Kurt Sieveking (CDU) became Brauer's successor; the Senate Sieveking started in December 1953. On 10 November 1957, the SPD got 69 of the 120 seats. Brauer and his third Senate started working. Brauer had promised to Paul Nevermann (born 1902) that he would transfer power to him before the end of the term. The 'era Brauer' ended 20 December 1960 with extensive ceremonies.
By the West German federal election in September 1961, Brauer was elected as member of the German Bundestag in Bundestagswahlkreis Hamburg IV (later transformed, see Hamburg Nord). He was not a candidate for the next federal election in 1965; his successor in his electoral ward Hans Apel (1932–2011) became an important SPD politician and minister (finance, defence).
Brauer is buried in Altona Main Cemetery.
In 1960, Brauer was given the honorary citizen award of Hamburg. The street Max-Brauer-Allee in the Altona borough is named after him.