This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (December 2009) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Max Brauer]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Max Brauer)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Max Brauer
Max Brauer 1927.jpg
Brauer in 1927
First Mayor of Hamburg
In office
22 November 1946 – 2 December 1953
PresidentTheodor Heuss
ChancellorKonrad Adenauer
Preceded byRudolf Hieronymus Petersen
Succeeded byKurt Sieveking
In office
4 December 1957 – 31 December 1960
PresidentTheodor Heuss
Heinrich Lübke
ChancellorKonrad Adenauer
Preceded byKurt Sieveking
Succeeded byPaul Nevermann
Personal details
Born(1887-09-03)3 September 1887
Ottensen, Germany
Died2 February 1973(1973-02-02) (aged 85)
Hamburg, Germany
Political partySocial Democratic Party (SPD)

Max Julius Friedrich Brauer (3 September 1887 – 2 February 1973) was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the first elected First Mayor of Hamburg after World War II.

Life

In 1923, Brauer was mayor of the independent city of Altona, Prussia, incorporated into Hamburg after 1937. Brauer fled the Nazi regime to the United States in 1933 with a passport of a friend.[1] In 1934 Brauer's German citizenship was revoked. In July 1946 he came back to Hamburg working for the American Federation of Labor.[2] In October 1946 after the election of the Hamburg Parliament, Brauer was elected as the First Mayor of Hamburg. After Brauer complained in a letter to the British forces about the supply shortfall in Hamburg, the British Governor Vaugham H. Berry stopped the heating in the officers' mess until there were a solution.[1]

On 16 October 1949, the second Hamburg Parliament election [de] took place. Brauer's party, the SPD, got 65 of the 120 seats there. His new Hamburg government ("Senat Brauer II [de]") started February 1950. In October 1953, the next election took place. The SPD got only 58 of the 120 seats; an alliance including the CDU got the other 62 seats. Kurt Sieveking (CDU) became Brauer's successor; the Senate Sieveking [de] started in December 1953. On 10 November 1957 [de], the SPD got 69 of the 120 seats. Brauer and his third Senate [de] started working. Brauer had promised to Paul Nevermann (born 1902) that he would transfer power to him before the end of the term. The 'era Brauer' ended 20 December 1960 with extensive ceremonies.

By the West German federal election in September 1961, Brauer was elected as member of the German Bundestag[2] in Bundestagswahlkreis Hamburg IV [de] (later transformed, see Hamburg-Nord). He was not a candidate for the next federal election in 1965; his successor in his electoral ward Hans Apel (1932–2011) became an important SPD politician and minister (finance, defence).

Brauer is buried in Altona Main Cemetery.

Honours

In 1960, Brauer was given the honorary citizen award of Hamburg.[3] The street Max-Brauer-Allee in the Altona borough is named after him.

Works

References

  1. ^ a b Verg, Erik; Verg, Martin (2007), Das Abenteuer, das Hamburg heißt (in German) (4th ed.), Hamburg: Ellert&Richter, pp. 163, 167, 184, ISBN 978-3-8319-0137-1
  2. ^ a b Koplitzsch, Franklin (2005), "Brauer, Max", Hamburg Lexikon (in German) (3 ed.), Ellert&Richter, pp. 82–83, ISBN 3-8319-0179-1
  3. ^ Staff, Hamburgische Ehrenbürger (in German), State Chancellery, retrieved 13 August 2008