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Maxime Du Camp
Maxime Du Camp (between 1850 and 1870)
Maxime Du Camp

(1822-02-08)8 February 1822
Paris, France
Died9 February 1894(1894-02-09) (aged 72)
Resting placeMontmartre Cemetery
Occupation(s)Writer and photographer
MovementRealism and Late Romanticism

Maxime Du Camp (8 February 1822 – 9 February 1894) was a French writer and photographer.

Bust of Maxime Du Camp.
Stele of Karnak, Egypt, about 1850. Photo taken by Du Camp


Born in Paris, Du Camp was the son of a successful surgeon. After finishing college, he indulged in his strong desire for travel, thanks to his father's assets. Du Camp traveled in Europe and the East between 1844 and 1845, and again between 1849 and 1851 in company with Gustave Flaubert. After his return, Du Camp wrote about his traveling experiences. Flaubert also wrote about his experiences with Maxime.[1][2][3]

In 1851, Du Camp became a founder of the Revue de Paris (suppressed in 1858), in which his friend Flaubert's Madame Bovary was first published in serialised form in 1856, as well as a frequent contributor to the Revue des deux mondes. In 1853, he became an officer of the Legion of Honour. Serving as a volunteer with Garibaldi in his 1860 conquest of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Du Camp recounted his experiences in Expédition des deux Siciles (1861). In 1870 he was nominated for the senate, but his election was frustrated by the downfall of the Empire. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1880, mainly, it is said, on account of his history of the Commune, published under the title of Les Convulsions de Paris (1878–1880).

Du Camp was an early amateur photographer who learned the craft from Gustave Le Gray shortly prior to departing on his 1849–1859 trip to Egypt.[4] His travel books were among the first to be illustrated with photographs.

Maxime Du Camp died in 1894 and was buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris.


Expédition des Deux-Siciles, 1861

Works on travel:

Works of art criticism:


Literary studies:

Du Camp authored a valuable 6-volume book on the daily life of Paris, Paris, ses organes, ses fonctions, sa vie dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle (1869–1875).[7] He published several works on social questions, one of which, the Auteurs de mon temps, was to be kept sealed in the Bibliothèque Nationale until 1910. His Souvenirs littéraires (2 vols., 1882–1883)[8] contain much information about contemporary writers, especially Gustave Flaubert, of whom Du Camp was an early and intimate friend. In 1878, he published an account of the Paris Commune called Les Convulsions de Paris, drawing from articles on the subject he had written for the Revue des deux mondes.[9]


  1. ^ Francine Du Plessix Gray (1995). Rage and Fire: A Life of Louise Colet—Pioneer, Feminist, Literary Star, Flaubert's Muse. Simon and Schuster. p. 192. ISBN 0-684-80453-0. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
  2. ^ Gustave Flaubert, Francis Steegmüller (1980). The Letters of Gustave Flaubert: 1830–1857. Harvard University Press. p. 112. ISBN 0-674-52636-8. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
  3. ^ Deborah Hayden (2003). Pox: genius, madness, and the mysteries of syphilis. Basic Books. p. 138. ISBN 0-465-02881-0. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
  4. ^ "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  5. ^ Du Camp, Maxime (1890). Théophile Gautier. Les grands écrivains français. Paris: Hachette.
  6. ^ "Review of Théophile Gautier by Maxime Du Camp, translated by J. E. Gordon, preface by Andrew Lang". The Academy. 44 (1121): 362–363. 28 October 1893.
  7. ^ Du Camp, Maxime. Paris, ses organes, ses fonctions, sa vie dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle (deuxième ed.). Paris: Hachette; 6 vols., 1873–1875((cite book)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ^ Du Camp, Maxime. Souvenirs littéraires. Paris: Hachette; 2 vols., 1882–1883((cite book)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  9. ^ "Du Camp's 'Convulsions of Paris'". The Nation. 8 March 1878. pp. 210–211. Retrieved 9 January 2023.