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Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association
MIAA
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association logo
Established1888
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision III
Members9
Sports fielded
  • 23
    • men's: 12
    • women's: 11
RegionMidwestern United States
HeadquartersFreeland, Michigan
CommissionerTBA
Websitewww.miaa.org
Locations
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association locations

The Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association (MIAA) is an athletic conference that competes in the NCAA's Division III. The nine teams in the conference are all located in the states of Michigan and Indiana. The Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association was established on March 24, 1888, making it the oldest college athletic conference in the United States.[1] The current members of the MIAA include Adrian College, Albion College, Alma College, Calvin University, Hope College, Kalamazoo College, Olivet College, Saint Mary's College of Notre Dame, Indiana, and Trine University, formerly known as Tri-State University. Olivet and Albion are the only charter members remaining in the conference. Former members include such colleges as Michigan State University, previously Michigan Agricultural College, (1888–1907), Eastern Michigan University, previously Michigan State Normal College, (1892–1926), Hillsdale College (1888–1961), and Defiance College (1997–2000).

The members of the MIAA remained the same from 1961 until 1997 when Defiance College of Ohio and Saint Mary's College of Indiana were invited to join, the first time colleges from outside Michigan were admitted to the conference. Adrian, Albion, Alma, Calvin, Hope, Kalamazoo, Olivet and Saint Mary's have not been members of any other conference. In 2002, the league accepted Wisconsin Lutheran College as an associate member for the purpose of competing only in football. Wisconsin Lutheran College left the MIAA for another conference in 2007. The newest member of the MIAA was accepted in the 2004–05 season, Tri-State University. Tri-State University changed their name to Trine University in 2008.

History

Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association is located in Michigan
Adrian
Adrian
Albion
Albion
Alma
Alma
Calvin
Calvin
Hope
Hope
Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo
Olivet
Olivet
Saint Mary's
Saint Mary's
Trine
Trine
Trine
Trine
Current members: full members in green, affiliates in blue

The conference was established on March 24, 1888. Being the oldest conference in America, the conference has made some drastic changes involving the types of sports that the conference competes in. The number of sports with competition is 23 (12 men and 11 women sports). These sports include cross country, football, golf, basketball, tennis, swimming, baseball, volleyball, softball, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, lacrosse, soccer, and men's wrestling. Some past sports that are no longer in competition include bicycle racing, Indian club juggling, archery, and field hockey.

The "Father" of the MIAA, was James Heckman of Hillsdale. Heckman promoted the idea of a permanent league after several schools had sponsored successful track and field days from 1884 to 1887. The first delegates met in Jackson on March 17, 1888, to organize the MIAA. A week after the meeting delegates from Albion, Hillsdale, Michigan State and Olivet drew up the MIAA's first constitution.

The schools that were to be a part of the MIAA in 1888 had diverse enrollment numbers. The largest enrollment belonged to Eastern with 714. Albion was listed as 451, Hillsdale 450, Michigan State 314, Olivet 277, Adrian 150, Hope 148, Kalamazoo 143 and Alma with 95 students.[1] Some of the enrollment figures included many students taking work on a high school level. This meant that athletic teams of those years included both high school and college students. A five or six-year career of athletic participation was not unusual at that time.[1]

On May 31, June 1–2, 1888 the first MIAA track and field meet was held at East Lansing, not even three months after the original meeting. The events that were held included the 100- yard dash, 200-yard dash, 880- yard run, high jump, long jump, shot put, hammer throw and mile relay. Some other events that would not normally be at a track and field meet today, were lawn tennis, wrestling, Indian club swing, horizontal and parallel bar performing, bicycle racing, sparring, and tug-of-war. The teams that competed in this event were Hillsdale, Albion, Michigan State, and Olivet. Hillsdale was the first MIAA track champion.

The following year in 1889, the second annual MIAA Field Day was done. At this Field Day Albion and Olivet participated in an exhibition "football match." It was not until 1891 when the first official intercollegiate football game in the MIAA was played with Albion defeating Hillsdale 36–4. Football was not recognized until 1894 as an official league sport.[1]

The following sports came into effect as follows: Baseball, the 440-yard dash, mile run, high hurdles and pole vault in 1889. Football was recognized as an official league sport in 1894. The two mile run and discus in 1912 and the javelin replaced the hammer throw in 1913. Basketball became a league sport in 1911. Cross country was introduced in 1922 while golf was in 1934. Wrestling was introduced in 1969, but then was dropped in 1981. Soccer in 1970 and swimming in 1971.

Contrary to what many would think that sports for women only started in 1978-79 there is evidence that it started much earlier than that. The first Albion college tennis tournament held six years after the league was formed was actually a co-ed event.[1] In 1936, Albion invited all of the MIAA schools to a play day and convention which was the first attempt to organize a women's athletic program for the MIAA. 100 women from all of the colleges in the MIAA participated in events such as archery, tennis, volleyball, basketball, badminton, softball, and swimming.[1] In 1941 the Athletic Federation of Michigan College Women (AFMCW) was established. It later became known as the Women's Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association (WMIAA) in 1946.

In 1977 league presidents voted to allow post-season participation by member schools if they were so invited by the NCAA Division III Football Committee (Harburn 4). This ended a seventeen-year ban on post-season competition. Albion's 1977 team was the first team chosen to participate. Many teams during the ban did not have the chance to show off their skills as some teams were even ranked in the Top Ten nationally, because of the NCAA rule prohibiting more than two teams from the same region being selected (Harburn 4). Hillsdale College left the conference in 1960 because they accepted a bid to a postseason football bowl game and were subsequently suspended two years by the conference.[2][3][4][5]

In 1978–79, the league combined into a single structure the administration of the men's and women's athletic programs of the member schools. This meant that women sports would be included.

Chronological timeline

Winning streaks and distinguished coaches

The MIAA has had its share of many winning seasons, but there are some that may stick out more than others. For example, Kalamazoo College men's tennis has been a part of one that cannot be matched by any other college or university in America. They have won or shared every MIAA Finals championship since 1936, which is 72 consecutive titles (www.miaa.org accessed 5/2/10). The only times they had to share the title was with Hope College in 1962 and 2003. Some other notable championship streaks include Calvin's men cross country 33 years in a row (active); Calvin's women track & field 27 years in a row.

Since 1990, MIAA member colleges have won 18 National Division III championships. The first MIAA national championship was won by Kalamazoo in 1976 when it won the men's tennis championship (Renner 19). The Kalamazoo College Hornets would later win back-to-back championships in 1986 and 1987 (Renner 19) and again in 1991, 1992, and 1993. NCAA Division III history was made in 1991-92 when the MIAA claimed two national championships in basketball with Calvin winning the men's title and Alma with the women's.[1][failed verification] The league has had 82 individual NCAA national championship performances since 1978.[1][failed verification]

The league has had many coaches throughout its history. There are always some coaches that stand out from the rest. One coach that stands out from the rest is George Acker of Kalamazoo College. Acker was a Phys. Ed Professor and men's tennis coach for 35 years. His impressive resume includes coaching 7 NCAA Division III Championships and 35 MIAA Championships. An impressive 209-1 MIAA career dual-meet record and an overall 537–231 record (www.kzoo.edu/sports/ahof/sport.html accessed October 15, 2008). Acker was the winningest coach in the MIAA. He is followed by John Patnott of Hope College, Tish Loveless (Kalamazoo College), Chester Barnard (Kalamazoo College), and Bob Kent also from Kalamazoo College.[1][failed verification]

Another such coach was Jare T. Klein of Olivet. As coach of the famed Olivet College wrestling program, Olivet teams won 10 league championships (including 9 straight) in 15 seasons. His team's overall dual meet record during his 29-year coaching tenure was 569 - 119. It appears that Klein may have been a victim to his own success as the MIAA dropped wrestling as a league sport in 1984.

Rivalries

Of course a league will have many rivalries and the MIAA is no different. In a recent interview Jamie Zorbo, head football coach for Kalamazoo College, talked about the tradition of the MIAA and the rivalries. "It is a competitive league; all the teams that are competing have been for a long time and have a lot of history to play for... Great rivalries are made including Kalamazoo vs. Hope; Albion vs. Kalamazoo and the Calvin vs. Hope rivalry in basketball. These are just a few of them." (Zorbo, Jamie. Personal Interview, October 15, 2008).

The Calvin vs. Hope rivalry has actually made national news. ESPN recently identified the nation's greatest college basketball rivalries. Calvin–Hope rivalry tops the Division III and is ranked fourth in all college hoops. ESPN covered this game in 2005 and a "fan poll" was conducted after the game where 80% of the voters voted for Calvin-Hope as number one. It was also covered in July 2007 in an ESPN series (http://www.hope.edu/pr/athletics/therivalry/index.html accessed October 15, 2008).

Member schools

Current members

The MIAA currently has nine full members, all are private schools:

Institution Location Founded Affiliation Enrollment Nickname Joined Colors
Adrian College Adrian, Michigan 1859 United Methodist 1,671 Bulldogs 1908;
1937[a]
   
Albion College Albion, Michigan 1835 Methodist 1,568 Britons 1888    
Alma College Alma, Michigan 1886 Presbyterian 1,400 Scots 1902    
Calvin University Grand Rapids, Michigan 1876 Christian Reformed 3,746 Knights 1953    
Hope College Holland, Michigan 1866 Reformed 3,150 Flying Dutchmen 1926    
Kalamazoo College Kalamazoo, Michigan 1833 Nonsectarian 1,436 Hornets 1896    
Olivet College Olivet, Michigan 1844 United Church of Christ 1,086 Comets 1888;
1952[b]
   
Saint Mary's College[c] Notre Dame, Indiana 1844 Catholic
(CSC)
2,658 Belles 1997    
Trine University Angola, Indiana 1884 Nonsectarian 4,104 Thunder 2004      
Notes
  1. ^ Adrian left the MIAA after the 1921–22 school year, before re-joining effective the 1937–38 school year.
  2. ^ Olivet left the MIAA after the 1939–40 school year, before re-joining effective the 1952–53 school year.
  3. ^ This institution is a women's college, therefore it does not compete in men's sports.


Former members

The MIAA had four former full members, one half had public schools, and another half had private schools:

Institution Location Founded Affiliation Enrollment Nickname Joined Left Current
conference
Defiance College Defiance, Ohio 1850 United Church of Christ 1,000 Yellow Jackets 1997–98 1999–2000 Heartland (HCAC)
Hillsdale College Hillsdale, Michigan 1844 Nonsectarian 1,200 Chargers 1888–89 1960–61 Great Midwest (G-MAC)
(NCAA D-II)
Michigan State Normal College[a] Ypsilanti, Michigan 1849 Public 22,974 Eagles 1892–93;
1920–21
1901–02;
1925–26[b]
Mid-American (MAC)
(NCAA D-I)
State Agricultural College of Michigan[c] East Lansing, Michigan 1855 Public 45,520 Spartans 1888–89 1906–07 Big Ten (B1G)
(NCAA D-I)
Notes
  1. ^ Currently known as Eastern Michigan University since 1959.
  2. ^ Eastern Michigan withdrew from the MIAA from 1902–03 to 1919–20.
  3. ^ Currently known as Michigan State University since 1964.

Former affiliate members

The MIAA had two former affiliate members, both were private schools:

Institution Location Founded Affiliation Enrollment Nickname Joined Left Current
conference
MIAA
sport
Finlandia University Hancock, Michigan 1896 Lutheran ELCA 550 Lions 2018–19 2020–21 Coast to Coast (C2C) football
Wisconsin Lutheran College Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1973 Lutheran WELS 765 Warriors 2002–03 2007–08 Northern (NACC)

Membership timeline

Finlandia UniversityTrine UniversityWisconsin Lutheran CollegeSaint Mary's College (Indiana)Defiance CollegeCalvin CollegeHope CollegeAdrian CollegeAlma CollegeKalamazoo CollegeEastern Michigan UniversityMichigan State UniversityOlivet CollegeHillsdale CollegeAlbion College

Sports

See also: Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball Tournament

Member teams compete in cross country, football (men only), golf, soccer, volleyball (women only), basketball, swimming, baseball (men only), softball (women only), tennis, lacrosse, outdoor track and field, and indoor track and field. As a women's school, Saint Mary's does not participate in football or baseball.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of the MIAA – America's Oldest Collegiate Conference". www.miaa.org. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
  2. ^ "Hillsdale College Quits MIAA". The Owosso Argus-Press. December 15, 1960. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  3. ^ "Tiny Hillsdale Pays Price Of Success". Lansing, Michigan: Dayton Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. December 8, 1960. Archived from the original on September 13, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  4. ^ "Hillsdale Makes Known Desire To Quit League". Hillsdale, Michigan: The Milwaukee Sentinel. November 22, 1960. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  5. ^ "Hillsdale's Bowl Play May Stir MIAA Row". Hillsdale, Michigan: The Owosso Argus-Press. November 14, 1960. Retrieved April 22, 2012.