Microsoft Academic Search
Type of site
Bibliographic database
OwnerMicrosoft Edit this at Wikidata

Microsoft Academic Search was a research project and academic search engine retired in 2012. It relaunched in 2016 as Microsoft Academic, which in turn was shut down in 2022. The content of the latter was allegedly incorporated into The Lens.[1]


Microsoft launched a search tool called Windows Live Academic Search in 2006 to directly compete with Google Scholar.[2] It was renamed Live Search Academic after its first year and then discontinued two years later.[3] In 2009, Microsoft Research Asia Group launched a beta tool called Libra in 2009, which was for the purpose of algorithms research in object-level vertical search,[4] data mining, entity linking, and data visualization.[5] Libra was redirected to the MAS service by 2011 and contained 27.2 million records for books, conference papers, and journals.[3]

Although largely functional, the service was not intended to be a production website and ceased to be developed, as was originally intended when the research goals of the project had been met.[6] The service stopped being updated in 2012.[7][8] The fact that this decline was not reported on earlier indicated to the authors that the service was largely ignored by academics and bibliometricians alike.[8]

In July 2014, Microsoft Research announced that Microsoft Academic was evolving from a research project to a production service, and would be integrating with Microsoft's flagship search engine, Bing, and its intelligent personal assistant service, Cortana. “By growing Microsoft Academic Search from a research effort to production,” [Microsoft Research's Kuansan] Wang says, “our goal is to make Bing-powered Cortana the best personal research assistant for our users".[9]

See also


  1. ^ "Results the Lens - Free & Open Patent and Scholarly Search".
  2. ^ Carlson, Scott (April 2006). "Challenging Google, Microsoft Unveils a Search Tool for Scholarly Articles". Chronicle of Higher Education. 52 (33): A43. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b Jacsó, Péter (2011). "The pros and cons of Microsoft Academic Search from a bibliometric perspective". Online Information Review. 35 (6): 983–997. doi:10.1108/14684521111210788.
  4. ^ "Microsoft Research News: Search Objective Gets a Refined Approach". Microsoft Research. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "Microsoft Research Projects - Academic Search". Microsoft Research. Archived from the original on February 25, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "About Microsoft Academic Search". Microsoft Research. Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Microsoft Academic Search FAQ". Archived from the original on January 5, 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  8. ^ a b Orduna-Malea, Enrique; Juan Manuel Ayllon; Martin-Martin, Alberto; Emilio Delgado Lopez-Cozar (2014). "Empirical Evidences in Citation-Based Search Engines: Is Microsoft Academic Search dead?". Online Information Review. 38 (7): 936. arXiv:1404.7045. doi:10.1108/OIR-07-2014-0169. S2CID 51985965.
  9. ^ "Making Cortana the Researcher's Dream Assistant". Retrieved March 15, 2015.