block diagram of a monocline
block diagram of a monocline
The Grandview-Phantom Monocline in the Grand Canyon, Arizona
The Grandview-Phantom Monocline in the Grand Canyon, Arizona
Monocline formed at tip of small thrust fault, Brims Ness, Caithness, Scotland
Monocline formed at tip of small thrust fault, Brims Ness, Caithness, Scotland

A monocline (or, rarely, a monoform) is a step-like fold in rock strata consisting of a zone of steeper dip within an otherwise horizontal or gently-dipping sequence.

Formation

Possible modes of formation of monoclines
Possible modes of formation of monoclines

Monoclines may be formed in several different ways (see diagram)

Examples

See also

References

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  13. ^ Kluska, B.; Rospondek, M.J.; Marynowski, L.; Schaeffer, P. (2013). "The Werra cyclotheme (Upper Permian, Fore-Sudetic Monocline, Poland): Insights into fluctuations of the sedimentary environment from organic geochemical studies". Applied Geochemistry. 29: 73–91. Bibcode:2013ApGC...29...73K. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.09.010.
  14. ^ Memon, A.D.; Siddiqui, I.; Memon, A. (1999). "Tectonics of the Sindh monocline, Pakistan and their effects on hydrocarbons". Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 18 (2): 87–96.
  15. ^ Seth, H. (2018). Tectonic Deformation of Flood Basalt Provinces. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-67704-0.