Namibian Black German
Küchendeutsch
Native toNamibia
Native speakers
None
German-based pidgin
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone

Namibian Black German, also NBG, (German: Küchendeutsch, "kitchen German") is a pidgin language of Namibia that derives from standard German.[1] It is nearly extinct.[citation needed] It was spoken mostly by Namibians who did not learn standard German during the period of German rule. It was never a first language. It is currently spoken as a second language by people over 50 years old,[when?] who today usually also speak German, Afrikaans, or English.[citation needed]

History

Colonial acquisition of German in Namibia often took place outside of formal education and was primarily self-taught. Like many pidgin languages, Namibian Black German developed through limited access to the standard language and was restricted to the work environment.

Currently several hundred thousand Namibians speak German as a second language, and while Namibian German often does not adhere to standard German, it is not pidgin.[citation needed]

Prepositions

English and Afrikaans have left an influence on the development of NBG, leading to three primary prepositional patterns:[citation needed]

Examples

Examples of phrases with Standard German equivalents:

References

  1. ^ Deumert, Ama (2003). Markedness and salience in language contact and second-language acquisition: evidence from a non-canonical contact language. Language Sciences. 25. Elsevier Ltd. pp. 561–613. doi:10.1016/S0388-0001(03)00033-0.

Further reading