Colonia Tovar
Alemán Coloniero
Deutsch Schwarzwald
Native toVenezuela
Native speakers
1,500 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gct
Glottologcolo1254
IETFgct[2]

The Colonia Tovar dialect, or Alemán Coloniero, is a dialect that is spoken in Colonia Tovar, Venezuela, and belongs to the Low Alemannic branch of German.

Characteristics

The dialect, like other Alemannic dialects, is not mutually intelligible with Standard German. It is spoken by descendants of Germans from the Black Forest region of southern Baden, who emigrated to Venezuela in 1843. Most speakers also speak Spanish, and the dialect has both acquired Spanish loanwords and influenced Venezuelan Spanish.[citation needed]

History

Until 1942, when Colonia Tovar was declared a municipality, most of its residents above the age of 15 were fluent in German, being unable to converse or understand Spanish, owing to the town's isolation. In World War II, Venezuela declared war on Germany, so German classes in Colonia Tovar were banned, and as the town is connected with the rest of the country its people began to converse in Spanish, leading to the dialect's decline.

Even though there were attempts to use German as the language of instruction, the state has not given local schools permission to teach in bilingual classes, so only private tutors were allowed to instruct in the Colonia Tovar dialect and standard German.

Literature

References

  1. ^ Colonia Tovar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Colonia Tovar German". IANA language subtag registry. 29 July 2009.