.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Portuguese. (September 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 1,485 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Portuguese Wikipedia article at [[:pt:Língua pomerana]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|pt|Língua pomerana)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
East Pomeranian
Native toDiaspora of German expellees in the Americas; formerly: Province of Pomerania
Native speakers
Native: ≅ 300.000
Official status
Official language in
Brazil (11 municipalities)
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-2nds for Low German
ISO 639-3nds for Low German

East Pomeranian (Ostpommersch) or Farther Pomeranian (Hinterpommersch) is a East Low German dialect moribund in Europe, which used to be spoken in the region of Farther Pomerania when it was part of the German Province of Pomerania, until World War II, and today is part of Poland. Currently, the language survives mainly in Brazil, where it is spoken by descendants of Germans expelled after the war and where it was given its own script by the linguist Ismael Tressmann. It has co-official status in 11 Brazilian municipalities and has been recognized as a historical and cultural heritage of the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo. East Pomeranian is also spoken in central Wisconsin and parts of Iowa, in the United States.

Nowadays, spoken East Pomeranian in Brazil has mostly been influenced by Portuguese language and Hunsrik, a German dialect derived from the Hunsrückisch native to Brazil. It excludes the dialect spoken in the United States, known as Wisconsin Pomeranian, which was influenced by the English language.

The varieties of East Pomeranian are: Westhinterpommersch, Osthinterpommersch, Bublitzisch around Bobolice and Pommerellisch;[citation needed] Further the east, German dialects transitioned to Low Prussian-East Pomeranian and Vistula Delta German spoken in and around Danzig/Gdansk.[1][better source needed]

Brazilian Municipalities that have co-official East Pomeranian dialect

Municipalities in which the East Pomeranian dialect has co-official status in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Espírito Santo

Minas Gerais

Santa Catarina

Rio Grande do Sul

Rondônia

See also

References

  1. ^ "German Language Reclassification | Free Media Productions - Editorials". www.freemediaproductions.info. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  2. ^ Lei 2.069 de 2013, Câmara Municipal de Afonso Cláudio
  3. ^ A escolarização entre descendentes pomeranos em Domingos Martins Archived December 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c d e O povo pomerano no ES Archived December 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b "A co-oficialização da língua pomerana" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-12-21. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  6. ^ Município de Itarana participa de ações do Inventário da Língua Pomerana, Prefeitura Municipal de Itarana
  7. ^ «Lei Municipal nº 1.195/2016 de Itarana/ES». itarana.es.gov.br
  8. ^ Pomerano!?, acessado em August 21, de 2011
  9. ^ No Brasil, pomeranos buscam uma cultura que se perde Archived March 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, acessado em August 21, de 2011
  10. ^ Lei dispõe sobre a cooficialização da língua pomerana no município de Santa maria de Jetibá, Estado do Espírito Santo Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Vila Pavão, Uma Pomerânia no norte do Espirito Santo, acessado em August 21, de 2011
  12. ^ Descendentes de etnia germânica vivem isolados em área rural de Minas
  13. ^ Pomeranos em busca de recursos federais Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Resistência cultural - Imigrantes que buscaram no Brasil melhores condições de vida, ficaram isolados e sem apoio do poder público Archived November 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, acessado em Novembre 2, de 2011
  15. ^ Lei Nº 2.907, de 23 de maio de 2017 - Dispõe sobre a co-oficialização da língua pomerana à língua portuguesa no município de Pomerode.
  16. ^ Pomerode institui língua alemã como co-oficial no Município. Archived May 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Bancada PP comenta cooficialização pomerana em Canguçu". Archived from the original on 2019-03-27. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  18. ^ a b Quadro do processo de cooficialização de línguas por municípios, IPOL
  19. ^ "Ontem e hoje : percurso linguistico dos pomeranos de Espigão D'Oeste-RO". Archived from the original on 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  20. ^ Sessão Solene em homenagem a Comunidade Pomerana Archived 2012-12-21 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ percurso linguistico dos pomeranos de Espigão D Oeste-RO, acessado em Novembre 2, de 2011
  22. ^ Comunidade Pomerana realiza sua tradicional festa folclórica Archived 2015-02-06 at the Wayback Machine