Kashubia
Kashubian: Kaszëbë
Polish: Kaszuby
German: Kaschubei, Kaschubien
Historical region
Anthem: Zemia Rodnô
Coordinates: 54°15′N 17°41′E / 54.25°N 17.68°E / 54.25; 17.68Coordinates: 54°15′N 17°41′E / 54.25°N 17.68°E / 54.25; 17.68
Country Poland
RegionPomerania
Largest citiesGdynia, Sopot, Puck, Kościerzyna, Bytów, Kartuzy, Wejherowo
Demonym(s)Kashubian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Kashubia by Bernard Sychta as the Kashubian dialects area
Kashubia by Bernard Sychta as the Kashubian dialects area

Kashubia or Cassubia (Kashubian: Kaszëbë, Kaszëbskô, Polish: Kaszuby, German: Kaschubei, Kaschubien) is a language area in the historic Eastern Pomerania (Pomerelia) region of northern and northwestern Poland. It is defined by the widespread use of the Kashubian language.

Location and geography

Located west of Gdańsk (inclusive of all but the easternmost district) and the mouth of the Vistula river, it is inhabited by members of the Kashubian ethnic group. The region is home to the Kashubian Lake District. According to the 1999 basic study Geografia współczesnych Kaszub (Geography of present-day Kashubia) by the Gdańsk scholar Jan Mordawski 43 municipalities (gminas) of the Pomeranian Voivodeship have a Kashubian share of at least one third of the total population:[1]

Culture

Kashubian embroidery from Żukowo
Kashubian embroidery from Żukowo

Embroidery

Embroidery is an important part of Kashubian culture which uses seven colours; three shades of blue representing the sky, the lakes and Baltic Sea, green representing the meadows and forests, yellow representing the sun, red representing the peoples' love for the region, and the red representing the hard work of the Kashubians. Its origins date back to the early 13th century.[2][3][4]

Cuisine

Kashubian cuisine is mostly based on fish and meat. Grain is also widely used within Kashubian dishes. Herring are the most widely used fish due to their high numbers in the region. Mushrooms are also a part of Kashubia's wide variety of dishes.[5][6]

Music

Kashubia has a wide variety of music; Zemia Rodnô is widely considered to be the anthem of Kashubia. The most recognised Kashubian song is Kaszëbsczé nótë, a traditional song that is the most recognisable part of Kashubian folklore. Dances are also a noticeable part of Kashubian culture, which are moderately energetic, except for a few. The most famous dance is the Kòséder.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ Mordawski, Jan (2008). Geografia Kaszub. Gdańsk: Kashubian-Pomeranian Association.
  2. ^ "Temat 3: Granice Kaszub na przestrzeni wieków" (PDF). Kaszëbskô Jednota. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Kultura Kaszub". lot-sercekaszub.pl. Serce Kaszub. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  4. ^ Radziewicz, Joanna. "Kultura i tradycje ludowe". rme.cbr.net.pl. Central Agricultural Library. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  5. ^ Pawłowska, Ewelina. "Kuchnia kaszubska – prostota, która zachwyca". nawakacje.eu. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Kuchnia kaszubska – tradycje, dania i ciekawostki". lesnydwor.pl. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  7. ^ "Muzyka i tańce Kaszubów". sites.google.com/sites/pojezierzekaszubskie. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Kaszubskie nuty, kaszubski alfabet". odkryjpomorze.pl. Retrieved 3 October 2021.