Qaraqosh Neo-Aramaic
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Qaraqosh is one of the most conservative dialects of Northeastern Neo-Aramaic,[1] spoken by ethnic Assyrians in the city of Qaraqosh (Bakhdida) in Iraq. Qaraqosh dialect has some similarities with the Aramaic spoken in nearby Karamlesh.[2] It is a peripheral dialect in the dialect continuum of Neo-Aramaic stretching from Turoyo to western Iran.[3]


  1. ^ Khan, G. (2007). "The North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic Dialects". Journal of Semitic Studies. 52 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1093/jss/fgl034.
  2. ^ Borghero, Roberta. "Some Features of the Verbal System of the Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Karamlesh". Neo-Aramaic Dialect Studies. Gorgias Press. pp. 75–90. ISBN 978-1-4632-1161-5.
  3. ^ Kim, Ronald (2008). ""Stammbaum" or Continuum? The Subgrouping of Modern Aramaic Dialects Reconsidered". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 128 (3): 505–531. ISSN 0003-0279. JSTOR 25608409.

Further reading