Nepalis in Saudi Arabia
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Riyadh · Jeddah
Arabic • Maithili · Nepali
Hinduism · Buddhism · Islam
Related ethnic groups
Nepali people

Nepalis in Saudi Arabia are immigrants from Nepal to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, mostly migrant workers and expatriates. Saudi Arabia has emerged as one of the top destinations for migrant Nepalese laborers. Approximately 215,000 Nepalese laborers, skilled and semi-skilled, work in the country. Most of them belong to the Madhesi race totalling up to 199,757, and the remainder predominantly belong to the Bahun and Chhetri ethnicities.[2][3]

Labor issues

According to Human Rights Watch, the kafala system in Saudi Arabia has subjected thousands of migrant workers to be abused by their employers in ways such as non-payment of wages, forced confinement in workplace, confiscation of passports, excessive work hours with little rest, physical and sexual abuse, and forced labor including trafficking. Nepalese embassy officials in Saudi Arabia said about 70,000 to 80,000 Nepalis in the country are trapped under critical working conditions.[4] In October 2023, reports emerged of Nepali laborers at Amazon warehouses in Saudi Arabia being mistreated, which included poor-quality housing and deceptive labor practices such as requiring large recruiting and exit fees.[5][6]

See also


  1. ^ "International Nepal Fellowship - Nepali diaspora". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2023-10-17.
  2. ^ "Total Nepali people from Terai working in Saudi Arabia : IOM Report 2014".
  3. ^ "Nepali Laborers in Saudi Arabia - Foreign Migrant Workers Face Abuse and Discrimination". Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  4. ^ The Kathmandu Post - The saudi trap: Thousands of Nepalis ‘stuck’ in Arabia in critical condition
  5. ^ Acharya, Pramod; Hudson, Michael (October 10, 2023). "Revealed: Amazon linked to trafficking of workers in Saudi Arabia". The Guardian. Retrieved October 14, 2023.
  6. ^ Pramod Acharya, Andrew W. Lehren, Michael Hudson, Anna Schecter and Hoda Osman (October 10, 2023). "'Kill us or send us home': Amazon workers in Saudi Arabia say they were exploited by labor supply and recruiting firms". NBC News. Retrieved October 14, 2023.((cite news)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)