Novigrad
Cittanova, Sitanova
Grad Novigrad - Cittanova[1]
Town of Novigrad
Novigrad
Flag of Novigrad
Coat of arms of Novigrad
Novigrad is located in Croatia
Novigrad
Novigrad
Coordinates: 45°19′N 13°33′E / 45.317°N 13.550°E / 45.317; 13.550
Country Croatia
County Istria County
MunicipalityMotovun
Government
 • MayorAnteo Milos (IDS)
Area
 • Town10.3 sq mi (26.6 km2)
 • Land10 sq mi (27 km2)
 • Urban
1.7 sq mi (4.3 km2)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Town3,889
 • Density380/sq mi (150/km2)
 • Urban
2,292
 • Urban density1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
52466
Area code052
Websitenovigrad.hr

Novigrad (Italian: Cittanova; Venetian: Sitanova) is a town in Istria County in western Croatia. It is also sometimes referred to as Novigrad Istarski (Cittanova d'Istria; Sitanova d'Ìstria) to distinguish it from three other Croatian towns of the same name.

Novigrad is set on a small peninsula on the western coast of Istria, two kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the mouth of the river Mirna and some 25 km (16 mi) south of the border with Slovenia.

History

There was an ancient city in the broad area of what is now Novigrad, which was called Aemona. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Novigrad was called Neapolis (Greek Νεάπολις). From the early Middle Ages and right up until 1828 it was the seat of the Diocese of Novigrad, which has been identified with the Ancient see of Aemona and nominally restored as Latin Catholic titular see under both names. From 1270 it was under the rule of the Venetian Republic, which gave it the Italian name of Cittanova, until Venice fell in the late 18th century. According to the 1921 census, there were no Croats in Novigrad.[4]

Novigrad today

Museum Lapidarium

Situated on a peninsula, Novigrad has retained its medieval structure and layout, with narrow, winding streets and small shops. The fortifications belong to the medieval era: the town wall still stands with its battlements and two round towers. There are examples of secular architecture from the time of the Venetian empire, such as the town loggia and several houses built in Venetian Gothic style.

The present church was built in the 15th and 16th centuries on the foundations of the 8th-century basilica of Saint Pelagius that had a nave and two aisles. Under the present presbytery is a late Romanesque crypt. In the sacristy are 15th-century antiphonaries with beautiful simple initials.

Novigrad was the host of the 2016 nine-pin bowling Single's World Championships.

Demographics

According to the 2021 census, its population was 3,889, with 2,292 living in the village proper.[3] At the 2011 census the town proper had a population of 2,622, while the administrative area – which also includes four nearby villages – had 4,345 inhabitants.[5] 66% of population were ethnic Croats while the biggest minority group were Istrian Italians (10%).

Historical population
of Novigrad
YearPop.±%
1880 1,562—    
1890 1,740+11.4%
1900 2,012+15.6%
1910 2,275+13.1%
1921 2,221−2.4%
1931 2,443+10.0%
1948 2,313−5.3%
1953 1,743−24.6%
1961 2,094+20.1%
1971 2,398+14.5%
1981 2,619+9.2%
1991 3,270+24.9%
2001 4,002+22.4%
2011 4,345+8.6%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

According to the 2011 census, Novigrad had 2,622 residents, with a total municipal population of 4,345.[5]

Town of Novigrad: Population trends 1857–2021
population
1303
1404
1562
1740
2012
2275
2221
2443
2313
1743
2094
2398
2619
3270
4002
4345
3889
18571869188018901900191019211931194819531961197119811991200120112021

Ethnic Croats comprised 66.42% of the total population, followed by Italians (10.20%), Albanians (3.36%), Serbs (2.83%) and Slovenes (2.09%), while 10.66% of the population was regionally affiliated.[6] Italians in Novigrad are organised in an association with the objective of preserving and promoting the specificity of the Italian community.[7]

The Town of Novigrad consists of following settlements:

References

  1. ^ "Statut Grada Novigrada - Cittanova" [Statute of the Town of Novigrad] (PDF). Novigrad - Cittanova (in Croatian). 21 July 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  2. ^ Register of spatial units of the State Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Croatia. Wikidata Q119585703.
  3. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2021 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in 2021. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2022.
  4. ^ "VG.PDF".
  5. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Novigrad". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  6. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Istria". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  7. ^ "Italian Community of Cittanova Website". Archived from the original on 2012-08-08. Retrieved 2020-04-21.