Odocoileus
Temporal range: Pleistocene to present
White-tailed deer.jpg
Odocoileus virginianus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Tribe: Odocoileini
Genus: Odocoileus
Rafinesque, 1832[1]
Type species
Odocoileus speleus[1]
Rafinesque, 1832
Species

Odocoileus hemionus
Odocoileus pandora
Odocoileus virginianus
Odocoileus lucasi
Odocoileus salinae[2]

Odocoileus is a genus of medium-sized deer (family Cervidae) containing three species native to the Americas.[1][3][4] The name is sometimes spelled odocoeleus; it is from a contraction of the roots odonto- and coelus meaning "hollow-tooth".

Extant species

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Odocoileus hemionus .jpg
Odocoileus hemionus Mule deer western half of North America.
Mazama-pandora2.jpg
Odocoileus pandora Yucatan brown brocket Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico, Guatemala, Belize)
White-tailed deer.jpg
Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, and northern portions of South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Odocoileus, [1] Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Edition
  2. ^ "Fossilworks: Odocoileus salinae". fossilworks.org.
  3. ^ Valerius Geist (1998). Deer of the World: Their Evolution, Behaviour, and Ecology. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-0496-0.
  4. ^ Gutiérrez, E. E., Helgen, K. M., McDonough, M. M., Bauer, F., Hawkins, M. T., Escobedo-Morales, L. A., ... & Maldonado, J. E. (2017). A gene-tree test of the traditional taxonomy of American deer: the importance of voucher specimens, geographic data, and dense sampling. ZooKeys, (697), 87.
  5. ^ "IUCN Red List maps". Explore and discover Red List species ranges and observations.