Togian Babirusa
CITES Appendix I (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Babyrousa
Species:
B. togeanensis
Binomial name
Babyrousa togeanensis
(Sody, 1949)
Babyrousa togeanensis map.svg
Range (in brown)

The Togian babirusa (Babyrousa togeanensis), also known as the Malenge babirusa,[3][4] is the largest species of babirusa. It is endemic to the Togian Islands of Indonesia, but was considered a subspecies of Babyrousa babyrussa until 2002.[1] Compared to the better-known north Sulawesi babirusa, the Togian babirusa is larger, has a well-developed tail-tuft, and the upper canines of the male are relatively "short, slender, rotated forwards, and always converge".[5][6] The Togian babirusa is omnivorous, feeding mainly on roots and fallen fruit but also worms and invertebrates.[7] Unlike other pig species, the Togian babirusa does not root at the ground with its snout when foraging, but instead can be seen pawing at the ground to uproot plants.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b Macdonald, A.; Leus, K.; Masaaki, I.; Burton, J. (2016). "Babyrousa togeanensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T136472A44143172. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T136472A44143172.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Appendices | CITES". cites.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  3. ^ "ADW: Babyrousa: CLASSIFICATION". animaldiversity.org.
  4. ^ "COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 407/2009 of 14 May 2009 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein". Official Journal of the European Union. 2009-05-19. p. L 123/3.
  5. ^ Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. P. (2002). Upgrading three subspecies of Babirusa (Babyrousa sp.) to full species level. IUCN/SSC Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group (PPHSG) Newsletter 2(2): 33-39.
  6. ^ Meijaard, E., J. P. d'Huart, and W. L. R. Oliver (2011). Babirusa (Babyrousa). Pp. 274–276 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. (2011). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 2, Hoofed Mammals. ISBN 978-84-96553-77-4
  7. ^ Ito, Masaaki; Melletti, Mario (2017), "Togian Babirusa Babyrousa togeanensis (Sody, 1949)", Ecology, Conservation and Management of Wild Pigs and Peccaries, Cambridge University Press, pp. 76–84, doi:10.1017/9781316941232.010, ISBN 978-1-316-94123-2, retrieved 2021-03-26
  8. ^ Ito, Masaaki; Melletti, Mario (2017), "Togian Babirusa Babyrousa togeanensis (Sody, 1949)", Ecology, Conservation and Management of Wild Pigs and Peccaries, Cambridge University Press, pp. 76–84, doi:10.1017/9781316941232.010, ISBN 978-1-316-94123-2, retrieved 2021-03-26