Oinousses
Οινούσσες
Oinousses main settlement
Oinousses main settlement
Oinousses is located in Greece
Oinousses
Oinousses
Location within the region
Coordinates: 38°31′N 26°13′E / 38.517°N 26.217°E / 38.517; 26.217
CountryGreece
Administrative regionNorth Aegean
Regional unitChios
Area
 • Municipality17.427 km2 (6.729 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality826
 • Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
821 01
Area code(s)22710
Vehicle registrationΧΙ

Oinousses (Greek: Οινούσσες, alternative forms: Aignousa (Αιγνούσα) or Egnousa (Εγνούσα)) is a barren cluster of 1 larger and 8 smaller islands some 2 kilometres (1 mile) off the north-east coast of the Greek island of Chios and 8 km (5 miles) west of Turkey. Administratively the islands form a municipality within the Chios regional unit, which is part of the North Aegean region. The principal town of the islands and seat of the municipality is also called Oinousses.[2] Oinousses has a small resident population, living primarily in the island's town of Oinoússes (pop. 792), and a recently built monastery. The town is centred on a square and a small port; it includes a school, several churches, a Naval high school and a maritime museum. The only other populated settlements are Kástron (pop. 29) and Aspalathrókampos (5).

Employment

The vast majority of the workforce of the island is engaged in seafaring, fishing and goat-herding.

The islands are noted as the origin of an unusual cluster of successful ship-owning families: the Lemos, Pateras, Hadjipateras, Samonas,Kollakis and Lyras families. Whilst most of the families now live elsewhere most of the year, the islands and town are well maintained with a strong naval connection. Oinoussians abroad are noted for their successful entrepreneurial skills in the industrial transportation industry. Although the number of Oinoussian ship operating companies has fallen since their heyday in the 1960s, they still maintain a formidable position in the industrial transportation industry.

The islands of the complex

The Oinousses Complex comprises the below islands.[3] The largest is Oinousses or Egnoussa (14.3 km2), the second-largest is the islet Pasas or Panagia (2.5 km2) and the third-largest is the islet of Vatos. The municipality has an area of 17.427 km2.[4]

Historical population

Year Population
1981 705
1991 636
2001 1,050
2011 826
2020 948

See also

References

  1. ^ "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "ΦΕΚ B 1292/2010, Kallikratis reform municipalities" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ "Οινούσσες". diakopes.in.gr. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.

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