Patriarchate of East Indies

Patriarchatus Indiarum Orientalium
Bishopric
Se cathedral goa (edit).jpg
Location
CountryIndia
TerritoryGoa and Daman
India
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established1886
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Goa and Daman
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
PatriarchFilipe Neri Ferrão

The Titular Patriarch of the East Indies (Latin: Patriarcha Indiarum Orientalium; Patriarchatus Indiarum Orientalium for Titular Patriarchate of the East Indies) in the Catholic hierarchy is the title of the Archbishop of Goa and Daman in India; another of his titles is the Primate of the East. Unlike the patriarchs and the major archbishops of the Eastern Catholic Churches sui juris, the Patriarch of the East Indies is within the Latin Church similar to the residential Latin Patriarchs of Venice, Lisbon and Jerusalem, enjoying only an honorary position. Like the Patriarch of the West Indies, the Patriarch of the East Indies is a titular patriarchate unlike the residential Latin Catholic Patriarchs. The title is attached to the Archbishop of Goa and Daman, the diocesan ordinary of the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman and the metropolitan archbishop of the Province of Goa and Daman.

This title of Patriarch of the East Indies was conferred upon the Archbishop of Goa as part of a settlement between the Holy See and the Portuguese government concerning the link between religious and political aspects of Portuguese colonial expansion, known as the Padroado. Later, with Portugal's decline as a colonial power, a difficult period resulted that was resolved by a further agreement by which Portugal renounced its rights of patronage. In this way the episcopal appointments in actual or former Portuguese colonial territory reverted to the common provisions of Latin ecclesiological law, with no intermediary between them and the Holy See. As regards India, this meant that the Holy See was free to make appointments to the episcopate there that took account of British expansion.[citation needed]

The later isolation of the territory of Goa as a Portuguese colonial enclave in India prior to the invasion of Indian forces in 1961 accounts for the fact that the Archbishop of Goa for a number of decades was immediately subject to the Holy See and had no suffragan dioceses. In the more distant past the archbishop did have a true metropolitan jurisdiction, with suffragan dioceses. These, however, were progressively stripped away or suppressed, the final suffragan diocese in India was the Diocese of Daman, which was merged with the Archdiocese of Goa on May 1, 1928, to form the present archdiocese. The archdiocese formally lost its status as a metropolitan see on January 1, 1975, when the Dioceses of Macau and Dili were transferred from the province of Goa. On November 25, 2006 Pope Benedict XVI elevated it again to a metropolitan archdiocese, with the Diocese of Sindhudurg as its suffragan.[citation needed]

Patriarchs of the East Indies

Distribution of Goan Catholics in India
Distribution of Goan Catholics in India
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Patriarchate
1
António Sebastião Valente.jpg
Dom António Sebastião Valente
(1846-1908)
1886–1908
2
Mateus de Oliveira Xavier.png
Dom Mateus de Oliveira Xavier
(1858-1929)
1909–1929
3
D. Theotonio Manuel Ribeiro Vieira de Castro, Cliché de Wiele & Klein - Illustração Portugueza (15Abr1907).png
Dom Teotónio Emanuel Ribeiro Vieira de Castro
(1859-1940)
1929–1940
4
José da Costa Nunes 1946.jpg
Dom José da Costa Nunes
(1880-1976)
1940–1953
5
Jose Vieira Alvernaz.jpg
Dom José Vieira Alvernaz
(1898-1986)
1953–1975
6
ArchbishopRaulNicolauGonçalves.jpg
Dom Raul Nicolau Gonçalves
(1927-)
1978–2004
7
St. Francis Xavier Feast 2017 (27058937429) (cropped).jpg
Dom Filipe Neri Ferrão
(1953-)
2004–Present

Sources