Pelham
Town of Pelham
Pelham place sign.JPG
Pelham is located in Regional Municipality of Niagara
Pelham
Pelham
Pelham is located in Southern Ontario
Pelham
Pelham
Coordinates: 43°02′N 79°20′W / 43.033°N 79.333°W / 43.033; -79.333Coordinates: 43°02′N 79°20′W / 43.033°N 79.333°W / 43.033; -79.333
Country Canada
Province Ontario
RegionNiagara
Formed1970
Government
 • MayorMarvin Junkin
 • Federal ridingNiagara West
 • Prov. ridingNiagara West
Area
 • Land126.43 km2 (48.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total17,110
 • Density135.3/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code
L0S
Area code(s)905, 289, 365
Websitewww.pelham.ca
Town Hall in Pelham Centre
Town Hall in Pelham Centre

The Town of Pelham (2016 population 17,110) is located in the centre of Niagara Region in Ontario, Canada.

The town's southern boundary is formed by the Welland River, a meandering waterway that flows into the Niagara River. To the west is the township of West Lincoln, to the east the city of Welland and the city of Thorold, and to the north the city of St. Catharines and the town of Lincoln. North Pelham contains the picturesque Short Hills (see attractions). Two important creeks have their headwaters within Pelham; Coyle Creek, which flows south into the Welland River, and Twelve Mile creek, a spring-fed stream that flows north into Lake Ontario.

History

Pelham Township was part of the original Welland County since the late 1780s. The Town of Pelham (est. 1970) derives its name from Pelham Township, which John Graves Simcoe named in the 1790s. In the beginning, the townships were only numbered and not named. The policy of Simcoe was to adopt township names from England. Pelham was named after the Pelham family though it is uncertain which particular Pelham family member it is attributed to - either Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton (nephew to 2 Prime Ministers and considered powerful and influential) or Charles Anderson Pelham (a quiet MP who spoke only once in 26 years in the House of Commons). But in fact, it turns out that it was named after early landowner Joshua Pell's family manor in Westchester County, New York—Pelham Manor—lost by the Loyalist Pells during the American Revolution (Pell went first in exile to Nova Scotia in 1783, before later being granted lands in the Niagara area after a direct appeal to George III.).[2]

In 1922, the Village of Fonthill became a separate municipality[3] by petitioning for land from the Township of Pelham and the Township of Thorold.

Notable people from Pelham

Government

The Town is divided into three wards, each of which elects two councillors to sit on Town Council for a period of four years. The Mayor is elected separately, serves on the Council of the Niagara Region, and (since 2006) also serves four years.

Mayors of the Town of Pelham:

1970-1976: Harold Black

1976-1978: John Weldon

1978-1988: Eric Bergenstein

1988-1994: Marty Collins

1994-2003: Ralph Beamer

2003-2006: Ron Leavens

2006-2018: Dave Augustyn

2018-2022: Marvin Junkin

Additionally, since 2003, a regional councillor is elected to represent Pelham at the Regional Municipality of Niagara.

Regional Councillors of the Town of Pelham:

2003-2018: Brian Baty

2018-2022: Diana Huson

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19719,997—    
198111,104+11.1%
199113,328+20.0%
200115,272+14.6%
200616,155+5.8%
201116,598+2.7%
201617,110+3.1%
[4]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Pelham had a population of 18,192 living in 6,959 of its 7,123 total private dwellings, a change of 6.3% from its 2016 population of 17,110. With a land area of 126.35 km2 (48.78 sq mi), it had a population density of 144.0/km2 (372.9/sq mi) in 2021.[5]

Sports and recreation

Pelham's sports include:

Merdian Community Centre - Pelham, ON
Merdian Community Centre - Pelham, ON

Climate

The city has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb), due to the absence of a UHI to heat as in cities of latitudes equal or more to the north as Hamilton or Niagara Falls (in Dfa zone), but approaching this climatic category [6]

Climate data for Ridgeville, elevation: 236.2 m or 775 ft, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1950-2006
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
19.5
(67.1)
26.0
(78.8)
32.0
(89.6)
33.0
(91.4)
33.0
(91.4)
35.5
(95.9)
35.0
(95.0)
33.9
(93.0)
29.4
(84.9)
25.0
(77.0)
20.0
(68.0)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
0.0
(32.0)
4.5
(40.1)
11.8
(53.2)
18.5
(65.3)
23.4
(74.1)
26.0
(78.8)
25.0
(77.0)
20.9
(69.6)
14.1
(57.4)
7.8
(46.0)
1.7
(35.1)
12.7
(54.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.7
(33.3)
7.3
(45.1)
13.6
(56.5)
18.9
(66.0)
21.7
(71.1)
20.9
(69.6)
16.9
(62.4)
10.5
(50.9)
4.7
(40.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
8.9
(47.9)
Average low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.7
(36.9)
8.6
(47.5)
14.3
(57.7)
17.4
(63.3)
16.7
(62.1)
12.9
(55.2)
6.9
(44.4)
1.6
(34.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
5.0
(41.0)
Record low °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
2.8
(37.0)
5.0
(41.0)
5.0
(41.0)
1.1
(34.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−26.0
(−14.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.1
(2.64)
53.6
(2.11)
64.2
(2.53)
77.7
(3.06)
89.2
(3.51)
84.7
(3.33)
83.6
(3.29)
77.6
(3.06)
92.6
(3.65)
86.3
(3.40)
90.7
(3.57)
78.9
(3.11)
946.2
(37.26)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 32.7
(1.29)
30.9
(1.22)
45.2
(1.78)
72.3
(2.85)
88.7
(3.49)
84.7
(3.33)
83.6
(3.29)
77.6
(3.06)
92.6
(3.65)
86.1
(3.39)
80.7
(3.18)
53.6
(2.11)
828.7
(32.64)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 34.3
(13.5)
24.0
(9.4)
19.0
(7.5)
5.4
(2.1)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
6.6
(2.6)
25.3
(10.0)
115.3
(45.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.6 8.4 10.1 11.6 12.0 10.5 9.9 9.4 9.9 11.4 11.7 11.7 128.2
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.2 4.1 7.4 10.9 12.0 10.5 9.9 9.4 9.9 11.4 10.4 7.4 108.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 6.8 4.8 3.4 1.2 0.08 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.04 1.6 5.4 23.32
Source: Environment Canada[7]

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b 2016 Census Profile
  2. ^ Alun Hughes, The Naming of Niagara's Townships; Brock University 2013 copyright
  3. ^ "Pelham Heritage Masterplan 2012" (PDF).
  4. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 census
  5. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  6. ^ "Pelham climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Pelham weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  7. ^ "Ridgeville - Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data". 1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. March 21, 209. Climate ID: 6137161. Retrieved May 22, 2019.