Premier of Queensland
Coat of Arms of Queensland.svg
Flag of Queensland.svg
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Annastacia Palaszczuk

since 14 February 2015
Department of the Premier and Cabinet
Style
StatusHead of Government
Member of
Reports toParliament
Seat1 William Street, Brisbane
AppointerGovernor of Queensland
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the house of Parliament
Constituting instrumentNone (constitutional convention)
Formation10 December 1859
First holderRobert Herbert
DeputyDeputy Premier of Queensland
SalaryAU$469,367 (as of 1 September 2021)[1][a]
Websitewww.thepremier.qld.gov.au

The premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

By convention the premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

The incumbent premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.

Constitutional role

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the premier.

Premier's office

The premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.

List of premiers of Queensland

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

No. Portrait Name Election Term of office Political party Constituency
Took office Left office Term in office
1
Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png
Robert Herbert 1860
1863
10 December 1859 1 February 1866 6 years, 53 days Squatter Conservative Leichhardt
2
Arthur Macalister.jpg
Arthur Macalister 1 February 1866 20 July 1866 169 days Independent Town of Ipswich
(1)
Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png
Robert Herbert 20 July 1866 7 August 1866 18 days Squatter Conservative West Moreton
(2)
Arthur Macalister.jpg
Arthur Macalister 7 August 1866 15 August 1867 1 year, 8 days Independent Town of Ipswich
3
RobertRamsayMackenzie.jpg
Robert Mackenzie 1867 15 August 1867 25 November 1868 1 year, 102 days Squatter Conservative Burnett
4
Charles Lilley.jpg
Charles Lilley 1868 25 November 1868 2 May 1870 1 year, 158 days Independent Hamlet of Fortitude Valley
5
Arthur Hunter Palmer.jpg
Arthur Hunter Palmer 1870
1871
3 May 1870 7 January 1874 3 years, 249 days Squatter Conservative Port Curtis
(2)
Arthur Macalister.jpg
Arthur Macalister, CMG 1873 8 January 1874 5 June 1876 2 years, 149 days Independent Ipswich
6
George Thorn.jpg
George Thorn 5 June 1876 8 March 1877 276 days Independent Ipswich
7
John Douglas.jpg
John Douglas, CMG 8 March 1877 21 January 1879 1 year, 227 days Independent Maryborough
8
Thomas McIlwraith.jpg
Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 1878 21 January 1879 13 November 1883 4 years, 296 days Conservative Mulgrave
9
SGriff1.jpg
Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC 1883 13 November 1883 13 June 1888 4 years, 213 days Liberal North Brisbane
(8)
Thomas McIlwraith.jpg
Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 13 June 1888 30 November 1888 170 days Conservative Brisbane North
10
Boyd Morehead.jpg
Boyd Dunlop Morehead 1888 30 November 1888 12 August 1890 1 year, 255 days Conservative Balonne
(9)
SGriff1.jpg
Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC 12 August 1890 27 March 1893 2 years, 227 days Liberal North Brisbane
(8)
Thomas McIlwraith.jpg
Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 1893 27 March 1893 27 October 1893 214 days Conservative Brisbane North
11
Sir Hugh Nelson.jpg
Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG 1896 27 October 1893 13 April 1898 4 years, 168 days Ministerial Murilla
12
Thomas Joseph Byrnes.jpg
Thomas Joseph Byrnes 13 April 1898 1 October 1898 171 days Ministerial Warwick
13
James Robert Dickson.jpg
James Dickson 1899 1 October 1898 1 December 1899 1 year, 61 days Ministerial Bulimba
14
AndersonDawson.jpg
Anderson Dawson 1 December 1899 7 December 1899 6 days Labour Charters Towers
15
Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png
Robert Philp 1902 7 December 1899 17 September 1903 3 years, 284 days Ministerial Townsville
16
Sir Arthur Morgan.jpg
Arthur Morgan 1904 17 September 1903 19 January 1906 2 years, 124 days Liberal Warwick
17
William Kidston.jpg
William Kidston 1907 19 January 1906 19 November 1907 1 year, 304 days Labor South Brisbane
(17) Kidstonite
(15)
Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png
Robert Philp 19 November 1907 18 February 1908 91 days Conservative Townsville
(17)
William Kidston.jpg
William Kidston 1908
1909
18 February 1908 7 February 1911 2 years, 354 days Kidston; Liberal Rockhampton
18
Digby Denham.jpg
Digby Denham 1912 7 February 1911 1 June 1915 4 years, 114 days Liberal Oxley
19
TJRyanPortrait.jpg
T. J. Ryan, KC 1915
1918
1 June 1915 22 October 1919 4 years, 143 days Labor Barcoo
20
Ted Theodore 1931.jpg
Ted Theodore 1920
1923
22 October 1919 26 February 1925 5 years, 127 days Labor Chillagoe
21
William Gillies 1920.jpg
William Gillies 26 February 1925 22 October 1925 238 days Labor Eacham
22
William McCormack.jpg
William McCormack 1926 22 October 1925 21 May 1929 3 years, 211 days Labor Cairns
23
Arthur Edward Moore.jpg
Arthur Edward Moore 1929 21 May 1929 17 June 1932 3 years, 27 days CPNP Aubigny
24
William Forgan Smith.jpg
William Forgan Smith 1932
1935
1938
1941
17 June 1932 16 September 1942 10 years, 91 days Labor Mackay
25
Frank Cooper, circa 1949.jpg
Frank Arthur Cooper 1944 16 September 1942 7 March 1946 3 years, 172 days Labor Bremer
26
Queensland State Archives 4694 Premier Hanlon MLA c 1952.png
Ned Hanlon 1947
1950
7 March 1946 17 January 1952 5 years, 316 days Labor Ithaca
27
Queensland State Archives 4750 Hon VC Gair Premier of Queensland c 1953.png
Vince Gair 1953
1956
17 January 1952 12 August 1957 5 years, 207 days Labor South Brisbane
(27) Queensland Labor
28
Frank Nicklin 1963.jpg
Frank Nicklin, MM 1957
1960
1963
1966
12 August 1957 17 January 1968 10 years, 158 days Country Landsborough
29
Jack Pizzey 1968.jpg
Jack Pizzey 17 January 1968 1 August 1968 197 days Country Isis
30
Gordon Chalk 1963.jpg
Gordon Chalk 1 August 1968 8 August 1968 7 days Liberal Lockyer
31
Joh Bjelke-Petersen.jpg
Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG
(knighted in 1984)
1969
1972
1974
1977
1980
1983
1986
8 August 1968 1 December 1987 19 years, 115 days Country/National Barambah
32
Mike Ahern, Parliament House, Brisbane City, October 1988.jpg
Mike Ahern 1 December 1987 25 September 1989 1 year, 298 days National Landsborough
33
No image.png
Russell Cooper 25 September 1989 7 December 1989 84 days National Roma
34
Wayne Goss.png
Wayne Goss 1989
1992
1995
7 December 1989 19 February 1996 6 years, 74 days Labor Logan
35
No image.png
Rob Borbidge 19 February 1996 20 June 1998 2 years, 121 days National Surfers Paradise
36
Peter Beattie, BYCC, August 2013 (cropped).jpg
Peter Beattie 1998
2001
2004
2006
20 June 1998 13 September 2007 9 years, 85 days Labor Brisbane Central
37
Anna Bligh crop.jpg
Anna Bligh 2009 13 September 2007 26 March 2012 4 years, 195 days Labor South Brisbane
38
Campbell Newman being interviewed (cropped).jpg
Campbell Newman 2012 26 March 2012 14 February 2015 2 years, 325 days Liberal National Ashgrove
39
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2015
2017
2020
14 February 2015 Incumbent 7 years, 127 days Labor Inala

Statistics

The median age of a premier on the first day of their first term is roughly 48 years, and 240 days which falls between Russell Cooper and John Douglas. The youngest person to assume the office was Robert Herbert at 28 years and 181 days. The oldest person to assume office was Frank Cooper at 70 years and 62 days.

The oldest living former premier is Russell Cooper, born 4 February 1941 (age 81 years, 137 days). The youngest living former premier is Campbell Newman, born 12 August 1963, (age 58 years, 313 days). The youngest living premier is the incumbent Annastacia Palaszczuk, born 25 July 1969, (age 52 years, 331 days).

The longest-lived premier was Joh Bjelke-Petersen who died on 23 April 2005 at the age of 94 years and 100 days. Arthur Edward Moore was the second longest-lived premier, aged 86 years and 332 days, 7 years and 232 days short of Bjelke-Petersen. Bjelke-Petersen surpassed Moore's lifespan on 11 December 1997. The oldest living premier, Russell Cooper, will tie Moore if he lives to 2 January 2028, and tie Bjelke-Petersen if he lives to 15 May 2035. The shortest-lived Premier was Thomas Joseph Byrnes who died in office at the age of 37 years and 320 days on 27 September 1898.

The premier with the longest retirement is Robert Herbert. He left office on 7 August 1866, and died 38 years and 272 days later on 6 May 1905. The premier with the shortest retirement is James Robert Dickson, who died on 10 January 1901, 1 year and 40 days after leaving office on 1 December 1899.

# Premier Born Took office Age Left office Age Died Length of retirement Lifespan
1 Robert Herbert 12 June 1831 10 December 1859 28 years, 181 days 7 August 1866 35 years, 56 days 6 May 1905 38 years, 272 days 73 years, 328 days
2 Arthur Macalister 18 January 1818 1 February 1866 48 years, 14 days 5 June 1876 58 years, 139 days 23 March 1883 6 years, 291 days 65 years, 64 days
3 Robert Mackenzie 21 July 1811 15 August 1867 56 years, 25 days 25 November 1868 57 years, 127 days 19 September 1873 4 years, 298 days 62 years, 60 days
4 Charles Lilley 27 August 1827 25 November 1868 41 years, 90 days 2 May 1870 42 years, 248 days 20 August 1897 27 years, 110 days 69 years, 358 days
5 Arthur Hunter Palmer 28 December 1819 3 May 1870 50 years, 126 days 7 January 1874 54 years, 10 days 20 March 1898 24 years, 72 days 78 years, 82 days
6 George Thorn 12 October 1838 5 June 1876 37 years, 237 days 8 March 1877 38 years, 147 days 15 January 1905 27 years, 313 days 66 years, 95 days
7 John Douglas 6 March 1828 8 March 1877 49 years, 2 days 21 January 1879 50 years, 321 days 23 July 1904 25 years, 184 days 76 years, 139 days
8 Thomas McIlwraith 17 May 1835 21 January 1879 43 years, 249 days 20 December 1878 58 years, 163 days 17 July 1900 6 years, 263 days 65 years, 61 days
9 Samuel Griffith 21 June 1845 13 November 1883 38 years, 145 days 6 October 1885 47 years, 279 days 9 August 1920 27 years, 135 days 75 years, 49 days
10 Boyd Dunlop Morehead 24 August 1843 30 November 1888 45 years, 98 days 2 August 1894 46 years, 353 days 30 October 1905 15 years, 79 days 62 years, 67 days
11 Hugh Nelson 31 December 1833 27 October 1893 59 years, 300 days 13 April 1898 64 years, 103 days 1 January 1906 7 years, 263 days 72 years, 1 day
12 Thomas Joseph Byrnes 11 November 1860 13 April 1898 37 years, 153 days 27 September 1898[2] 37 years, 320 days 27 September 1898 N/A 37 years, 320 days
13 James Robert Dickson 30 November 1832 1 October 1898 65 years, 305 days 1 December 1899 67 years, 1 day 10 January 1901 1 year, 40 days 68 years, 41 days
14 Anderson Dawson 16 July 1863 1 December 1899 36 years, 138 days 7 December 1899 36 years, 144 days 20 July 1910 10 years, 225 days 47 years, 4 days
15 Robert Philp 28 December 1851 17 December 1899 47 years, 354 days 18 February 1908 56 years, 52 days 17 July 1922 14 years, 149 days 70 years, 201 days
16 Arthur Morgan 19 September 1856 17 September 1903 46 years, 363 days 19 January 1906 51 years, 12 days 20 December 1916 10 years, 336 days 60 years, 92 days
17 William Kidston 17 August 1849 19 January 1906 56 years, 155 days 7 February 1911 61 years, 174 days 25 October 1919 8 years, 260 days 70 years, 69 days
18 Digby Denham 25 January 1859 7 February 1911 52 years, 13 days 1 June 1915 56 years, 127 days 10 May 1944 28 years, 344 days 85 years, 106 days
19 T. J. Ryan 1 July 1876 1 June 1915 38 years, 335 days 12 April 1920 43 years, 113 days 1 August 1921 1 year, 283 days 45 years, 31 days
20 Ted Theodore 29 December 1884 22 October 1919 34 years, 297 days 26 February 1925 40 years, 59 days 9 February 1950 24 years, 348 days 65 years, 42 days
21 William Gillies 27 October 1868 26 February 1925 56 years, 122 days 22 October 1925 56 years, 360 days 9 February 1928 2 years, 110 days 59 years, 105 days
22 William McCormack 27 April 1879 22 October 1925 46 years, 178 days 21 May 1929 50 years, 24 days 21 November 1947 18 years, 184 days 68 years, 208 days
23 Arthur Edward Moore 9 February 1876 21 May 1929 53 years, 101 days 17 June 1932 56 years, 129 days 7 January 1963 30 years, 204 days 86 years, 332 days
24 William Forgan Smith 15 April 1887 17 June 1932 45 years, 63 days 16 September 1942 55 years, 154 days 25 September 1953 11 years, 9 days 66 years, 163 days
25 Frank Cooper 16 July 1872 16 September 1942 70 years, 62 days 7 March 1946 73 years, 234 days 30 November 1949 3 years, 268 days 77 years, 137 days
26 Ned Hanlon 1 October 1887 7 March 1946 58 years, 157 days 15 January 1952[2] 64 years, 106 days 15 January 1952 N/A 64 years, 106 days
27 Vince Gair 25 February 1901 17 January 1952 50 years, 326 days 12 August 1957 56 years, 168 days 11 November 1980 23 years, 91 days 79 years, 260 days
28 Frank Nicklin 6 August 1895 12 August 1957 62 years, 6 days 17 January 1968 72 years, 164 days 29 January 1978 10 years, 12 days 82 years, 176 days
29 Jack Pizzey 2 February 1911 17 January 1968 56 years, 349 days 21 July 1968[2] 57 years, 151 days 21 July 1968 N/A 57 years, 170 days
30 Gordon Chalk 16 May 1913 1 August 1968 55 years, 77 days 8 August 1968 55 years, 84 days 26 April 1991 22 years, 268 days 77 years, 345 days
31 Joh Bjelke-Petersen 13 January 1911 13 January 1911 57 years, 208 days 1 December 1987 76 years, 322 days 23 April 2005 17 years, 143 days 94 years, 100 days
32 Mike Ahern 2 June 1942 1 December 1987 45 years, 182 days 25 September 1989 47 years, 115 days 32 years, 269 days 80 years, 19 days
33 Russell Cooper 4 February 1941 25 September 1989 48 years, 233 days 7 December 1989 48 years, 306 days 32 years, 196 days 81 years, 137 days
34 Wayne Goss 26 February 1951 7 December 1989 38 years, 284 days 19 February 1996 44 years, 358 days 10 November 2014 18 years, 264 days 63 years, 257 days
35 Rob Borbidge 12 August 1954 19 February 1996 41 years, 191 days 20 June 1998 43 years, 312 days 24 years, 1 day 67 years, 313 days
36 Peter Beattie 18 November 1952 20 June 1998 45 years, 214 days 13 September 2007 54 years, 299 days 14 years, 281 days 69 years, 215 days
37 Anna Bligh 14 July 1960 13 September 2007 47 years, 61 days 26 March 2012 51 years, 256 days 10 years, 87 days 61 years, 342 days
38 Campbell Newman 12 August 1963 26 March 2012 48 years, 227 days 14 February 2015 51 years, 186 days 7 years, 127 days 58 years, 313 days
39 Annastacia Palaszczuk 25 July 1969 14 February 2015 45 years, 204 days Incumbent Incumbent Incumbent 52 years, 331 days

[3]

Living former premiers

As of 21 June 2022, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–1989 (1942-06-02) 2 June 1942 (age 80)
Russell Cooper 1989 (1941-02-04) 4 February 1941 (age 81)
Rob Borbidge 1996–1998 (1954-08-12) 12 August 1954 (age 67)
Peter Beattie 1998–2007 (1952-11-18) 18 November 1952 (age 69)
Anna Bligh 2007–2012 (1960-07-14) 14 July 1960 (age 61)
Campbell Newman 2012–2015 (1963-08-12) 12 August 1963 (age 58)

Oldest living premiers of Queensland

Not all premiers live to become the oldest of their time. Of the 32 deceased premiers, 14 eventually became the oldest of their time, while 18 did not (including all 3 premiers who died in office, and 15 others). Joh Bjelke-Petersen became the oldest living premier when Vince Gair died in 1980 and remained so until his death in 2005, for a record 24 years and 163 days. Hugh Nelson became the oldest living premier after the death of Robert Herbert, but he survived Herbert by only 240 days.

On two occasions the oldest living premier lost this distinction not by his death, but due to the appointment of a premier who was older. Robert Herbert lost this distinction when Arthur Macalister was appointed, but when John Douglas died in 1904 Herbert regained it again until his own death in 1905 for a total period of 6 years and 340 days. Arthur Macalister lost this distinction when Robert Mackenzie was appointed, but regained it again when Mackenzie died in 1875, Consequently, Macalister too was the oldest living premier twice: first from 1866 to 1867 (from first appointment), and a second time from Mackenzie's death in 1873 until his own death in 1883 for a total period of 10 years and 15 days.

Vince Gair was the oldest to acquire this distinction at the age of 76 years, and 338 days. Gordon Chalk, who was aged 77 years, and 345 days when he died, on 26 April 1991 was the oldest premier to die without ever acquiring this distinction. Wayne Goss who was aged 63 years and 257 days when he died on 10 November 2014 is the most recent premier to die without ever acquiring this distinction.

Premier Period when oldest living premier Age Duration
Start date End date at start at end
Robert Herbert 10 December 1859 1 February 1866 28 years, 181 days 34 years, 234 days 6 years, 53 days
Arthur Macalister 1 February 1866 15 August 1867 48 years, 14 days 49 years, 209 days 1 year, 195 days
Robert Mackenzie 15 August 1867 19 September 1873 56 years, 25 days 62 years, 60 days 6 years, 35 days
Arthur Macalister 19 September 1873 23 March 1883 55 years, 244 days 65 years, 64 days 9 years, 185 days
Arthur Hunter Palmer 23 March 1883 20 March 1898 63 years, 85 days 78 years, 82 days 14 years, 362 days
John Douglas 20 March 1898 23 July 1904 70 years, 14 days 76 years, 139 days 6 years, 125 days
Robert Herbert 23 July 1904 6 May 1905 73 years, 41 days 73 years, 328 days 287 days
Hugh Nelson 6 May 1905 1 January 1906 71 years, 126 days 72 years, 1 day 240 days
Samuel Griffith 1 January 1906 9 August 1920 60 years, 194 days 75 years, 49 days 14 years, 221 days
Robert Philp 9 August 1920 17 July 1922 68 years, 225 days 70 years, 201 days 1 year, 342 days
Digby Denham 17 July 1922 10 May 1944 63 years, 173 days 85 years, 106 days 21 years, 298 days
Frank Cooper 10 May 1944 30 November 1949 71 years, 299 days 77 years, 137 days 5 years, 204 days
Arthur Edward Moore 30 November 1949 7 January 1963 73 years, 294 days 86 years, 332 days 13 years, 38 days
Frank Nicklin 7 January 1963 29 January 1978 67 years, 154 days 82 years, 176 days 15 years, 22 days
Vince Gair 29 January 1978 11 November 1980 76 years, 338 days 79 years, 260 days 2 years, 287 days
Joh Bjelke-Petersen 11 November 1980 23 April 2005 69 years, 303 days 94 years, 100 days 24 years, 163 days
Russell Cooper 23 April 2005 Current oldest living premier 64 years, 78 days Current oldest living premier 17 years, 59 days
Premier Start date End date Age at start Age at end Duration

[3]

Graphical timeline

Annastacia PalaszczukCampbell NewmanAnna BlighPeter BeattieRob BorbidgeWayne GossRussell CooperMichael Ahern (Australian politician)Joh Bjelke-PetersenGordon ChalkJack PizzeyFrancis NicklinVince GairNed Hanlon (politician)Frank CooperWilliam Forgan SmithArthur Edward MooreWilliam McCormackWilliam Gillies (Australian politician)Ted TheodoreT. J. RyanDigby DenhamWilliam KidstonArthur Morgan (Queensland politician)Robert PhilpAnderson DawsonJames DicksonThomas Joseph ByrnesHugh NelsonBoyd MoreheadSamuel GriffithThomas McIlwraithJohn Douglas (Queensland politician)George ThornArthur Hunter PalmerCharles LilleyRobert Mackenzie (Queensland politician)Arthur MacalisterRobert HerbertWorld War IIWorld War I

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Commonly, the premier is usually the leader of their respective party. However, the salary of such position is not included. Thus, if one were to hold both positions simultaneously (Premier, Leader of Party), the total annual salary would be: AU$469,367. This also does not factor in other positions that can be held simultaneously to one or both of those: Ministerial positions, Member/Chair of Committee.

Citations

  1. ^ "Legislative Assembly of Queensland – Members' Remuneration Handbook" (PDF). documents.parliament.qld.gov.au. Office of the Clerk of Parliament. 15 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Died in office on this date.
  3. ^ a b Updated daily according to UTC.