Prince August
Duke of Dalarna
Photograph of Prince August, c. 1864
Born(1831-08-24)24 August 1831
Drottningholm Palace, Ekerö, Sweden
Died4 March 1873(1873-03-04) (aged 41)
Stockholm Palace, Sweden
Nikolaus August
FatherOscar I of Sweden
MotherJosephine of Leuchtenberg

Prince Nikolaus August of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Dalarna (24 August 1831 – 4 March 1873) was the youngest of the five children of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg.


Early life

Born in Drottningholm Palace in Ekerö, Stockholm County, his eldest sibling was King Carl XV of Sweden.

During parts of 1849–1853, he was a student at Uppsala University. On 10 December 1851, he was made an honorary member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.


On 16 April 1864 in Altenburg, the Duke married Princess Therese Amalie of Saxe-Altenburg (Ansbach, 21 December 1836 - Haga Palace, Stockholm, 9 November 1914),[1] Duchess of Saxony,[1] eldest daughter of Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg and his first wife Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. The marriage did not produce issue. In Sweden, his wife was styled Princess Teresia.

The Prince was very interested in trains and locomotives, and a locomotive was named after him. Since it was commonly thought the Prince was not very bright, this led to the expression "dummare än tåget" (lit. "more stupid than the train"), an expression still in use in the Swedish language.[2]

Prince August died at the age of 41 of pneumonia at Stockholm Palace.

Honours and arms


He received the following orders and decorations:[3]




  1. ^ a b "Henri van Oene's Royal Genealogies". Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved 2006-12-30.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ Grünbaum, Catharina (2 March 2006). "Nu går språktåget". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  3. ^ Sveriges och Norges Statskalender (in Swedish), 1872, p. 460, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via
  4. ^ Sveriges och Norges Statskalender (in Swedish), 1864, p. 604, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via
  5. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für das Herzogthum Anhalt (1867), "Herzoglicher Haus-Orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 18
  6. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Bille-Hansen, A. C.; Holck, Harald, eds. (1872) [1st pub.:1801]. Statshaandbog for Kongeriget Danmark for Aaret 1872 [State Manual of the Kingdom of Denmark for the Year 1872] (PDF). Kongelig Dansk Hof- og Statskalender (in Danish). Copenhagen: J.H. Schultz A.-S. Universitetsbogtrykkeri. p. 3. Retrieved 3 May 2020 – via da:DIS Danmark.
  8. ^ Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg (1869), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 21
  9. ^ Staat Hannover (1858). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1858. Berenberg. p. 72.
  10. ^ Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau: 1859. Schellenberg. 1859. p. 8.
Prince August, Duke of Dalarna House of BernadotteBorn: 24 August 1831 Died: 4 March 1873 Swedish royalty Preceded byNone Duke of Dalarna Succeeded byCarl Johan Bernadotte