The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien
Formation2 June 1739; 283 years ago (2 June 1739)
HeadquartersStockholm, Sweden
Membership
470 Members
(including 175 Foreign members)
President
Dan Larhammar
Secretary General
Hans Ellegren
Websitekva.se/en

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Swedish: Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien) is one of the royal academies of Sweden. Founded on 2 June 1739, it is an independent, non-governmental scientific organization that takes special responsibility for promoting natural sciences and mathematics and strengthening their influence in society, whilst endeavouring to promote the exchange of ideas between various disciplines.

The goals of the academy are:

Every year, the academy awards the Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, the Crafoord Prize, the Sjöberg Prize and several other awards. The Academy maintains close relations with foreign academies, learned societies and international scientific organizations and also promotes international scientific cooperation. The Academy of Sciences is located within the Stockholm region's Royal National City Park.

Prizes

Nobel Chemistry Prize, news conference (2008)
Nobel Chemistry Prize, news conference (2008)

International prizes

National prizes

Members

The academy has elected about 1,700 Swedish and 1,200 foreign members since it was founded in 1739. Today the academy has about 470 Swedish and 175 foreign members which are divided into ten "classes", representing ten various scientific disciplines:[9]

List of Secretary Generals

Anders Johan von Höpken, the first Secretary
Anders Johan von Höpken, the first Secretary

The following persons have served as permanent secretaries of the academy:

Publications

Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens handlingar, volume XI (1750).
Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens handlingar, volume XI (1750).

The transactions of the Academy (Vetenskapsakademiens handlingar) were published as its main series between 1739 and 1974. In parallel, other major series have appeared and gone:

The academy started publishing annual reports in physics and chemistry (1826), technology (1827), botany (1831), and zoology (1832). These lasted into the 1860s, when they were replaced by the single Bihang series (meaning: supplement to the transactions). Starting in 1887, this series was once again split into four sections (afdelning), which in 1903 became independent scientific journals of their own, titled "Arkiv för..." (archive for...). These included:

Further restructuring of their topics occurred in 1949 and 1974. Other defunct journals of the Academy include:

Current publications

History

The academy was founded on 2 June 1739 by naturalist Carl Linnaeus, mercantilist Jonas Alströmer, mechanical engineer Mårten Triewald, civil servants Sten Carl Bielke and Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm, and statesman/author Anders Johan von Höpken.[12]

The purpose of the academy was to focus on practically useful knowledge, and to publish in Swedish in order to widely disseminate the academy's findings. The academy was intended to be different from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala, which had been founded in 1719 and published in Latin. The location close to the commercial activities in Sweden's capital (which unlike Uppsala did not have a university at this time) was also intentional. The academy was modeled after the Royal Society of London and Academie Royale des Sciences in Paris, France, which some of the founding members were familiar with.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Nobel Prizes – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Prize in Economic Sciences – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Crafoord Prize – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Sjöberg Prize – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Rolf Schock Prizes – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Gregori Aminoff Prize – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Tobias Prize – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  8. ^ "ICRP - Awards". www.icrp.org. Retrieved 5 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "The members – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". www.kva.se. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  10. ^ Center for Molecular Medicine, "Göran K. Hansson new Permanent Secretary for the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences", 2015.
  11. ^ Electronic transactions on artificial intelligence : ETAI. (Journal, magazine, 1997) [WorldCat.org]. worldcat.org. OCLC 1001705427. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  12. ^ "History". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 October 2009.