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National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea
Established17 July 1954; 69 years ago (1954-07-17)
Location
Coordinates37°29′44.1″N 127°0′8.8″E / 37.495583°N 127.002444°E / 37.495583; 127.002444
AffiliationsInternational Council for Science
Staff
150
Websitewww.nas.go.kr
Map
National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationDaehanminguk Haksurwon
McCune–ReischauerTaehanmin'guk Haksurwŏn

The National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea (Korean대한민국학술원), is the senior national organization of distinguished Korean scientists and scholars. It was founded to promote learning and research in all areas of sciences by conferring membership and preferential treatment to those who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of sciences and learning. The Academy consists of 150 Fellows who are selected by their peers for their contributions to the sciences and education.[1]

Overview

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The National Academy of Sciences was inaugurated on July 17, 1954, and entrusted with the duty of promoting the development of sciences, and of facilitating the development of national culture. Founded on the legal basis of Culture Protection Act promulgated on August 7, 1952, the National Academy of Sciences initially comprised 50 members.

On March 25, 1954, fifty members were selected from around the nation : twenty-five from the humanities and social sciences, and twenty-five from the natural sciences. Thirty-four years later, on December 31, 1988, the Culture Protection Act of 1952 was replaced by the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea Act. The ceiling of membership is 150. The present Academy members total 134 as of June, 2006. These include 62 in the Humanities and Social Science Division and 72 in the Natural Science Division. The members are assigned to 11 sections.

Functions

The specific functions of the National Academy of Sciences include:

Members

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Philosophy, ethics, logic, aesthetics, religion, pedagogy and psychology

Language and literature

History, geography, archaeology, cultural anthropology and folklore

Law

Political science, public administration, and sociology

Economics and business administration

Mathematics, physics, chemistry, astronomy and meteorology

Biology, geology, physical education, nutrition, and home economics

Architecture, mechanical engineering, mining engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, naval architecture, civil engineering

Medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and pharmacy

Agriculture, forestry, animal science, and fisheries

National Academy of Sciences Award

Main article: National Academy of Sciences Award

The National Academy of Sciences Award is an award presented to South Korean nationals who have made significant contributions to academic development through intensive research on a specific topic.[2] Prize money of KRW 100 million is given in addition to the award.[3] The award is given by the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea in accordance with Article 14 of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea Act[4] and Article 4 of the Academic Academy Prize Award Regulations (학술원상시상규정).[5] The first awards were given in 1955.[6]

References

  1. ^ The National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Korea
  2. ^ 조현미 (15 September 2022). "남풍현·김택민·최선웅·이상엽 등 8명 대한민국학술원상 수상" (in Korean). Aju Daily. Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  3. ^ 권예슬 (27 September 2021). "황준묵 단장, '제66회 대한민국학술원상' 수상". Institute for Basic Science (in Korean). Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  4. ^ "National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea Act". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  5. ^ "대한민국학술원상(大韓民國學術院賞)". Encyclopedia of Korea Culture (in Korean). Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  6. ^ 정혁수 (16 September 2022). "대한민국학술원상에 서울대 이석하 교수 등 8명". Money Today (in Korean). Retrieved 17 January 2023.