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Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Македонска академија на науките и уметностите
MANU logo
Formation22 February 1967[1]
FounderAssembly of North Macedonia
PurposeTo monitor and to stimulate the sciences and arts[2]
HeadquartersSkopje, North Macedonia
Coordinates41°59′47″N 21°26′30″E / 41.99639°N 21.44167°E / 41.99639; 21.44167
Official language
Macedonian
President
Ljupčo Kocarev[3]
Vice-President
Gazanfer Bayram
Zivko Popov
Secretary General
Izet Zeqiri
AffiliationsALLEA, UAI, IAP, ICSU
Websitewww.manu.edu.mk

The Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Macedonian: Македонска Академија на Науките и Уметностите, МАНУ) is an academic institution in North Macedonia.

History

The Academy of Sciences and Arts was established by the Socialist Republic of Macedonia's assembly on 23 February 1967 as the highest scientific, scholarly and artistic institution in the country with the aim of monitoring and stimulating the sciences and arts.[4]

The Academy's objectives are to survey the cultural heritage and natural resources, to assist in the planning of a national policy regarding the sciences and arts, to stimulate, co-ordinate, organize and conduct scientific and scholarly research and to promote artistic achievement, especially where particularly relevant to North Macedonia.

The Academy facilitates scholarly, scientific and artistic endeavors on the part of its members. It also works on developing international co-operation in the fields of the sciences and arts.

Structure

The Academy's supreme body is the Assembly of all of its members. The Assembly is in charge of passing the statutory regulations regarding the organisation and general activities of the Academy such as its statute, financial plan, the establishment of departments and scientific, scholarly and artistic units, etc. The Assembly elects the President, Vice-President and Secretary of the Academy as well as a number of the members of the Presidency.

It also elects full foreign and honorary members of the Academy. The election of members takes place every three years by a majority vote in a secret ballot of the Academy's full members. The members are independent in their scientific and scholarly research, and artistic work, and are elected for a life term in office. The organisational structure of the Academy includes the Presidency, five departments, five research centres, two technical units and the Academy's Secretariat.

Controversies

The Macedonian Encyclopedia was the only scientific encyclopedia of North Macedonia issued in 2009 by MANU. The issuance of the encyclopedia caused a serious protest due to its content, and its authors have been subjected to severe criticism. Such reactions arose in the neighboring Greece, Bulgaria, Kosovo and Albania. It was urgently withdrawn. The reason behind this was political pressure from US and UK diplomats.[5]

In February 2021 the members of the MANU requested that the recent Law proposal for the inclusion of the phrase “North Macedonia” as part of the institution’s name has to be withdrawn. Though, the Macedonian Parliament has agreed. Harsh criticism of the bilateral agreements signed with Bulgaria and Greece there has indicated that this national institution isn't under the direct influence of the government. The head of MANU Ljupčo Kocarev has called the Prespa Agreement a factor of regional destabilization and the agreement with Bulgaria “demeaning” to the ethnic Macedonians.[6] The majority of academicians and the presidency of the Academy could not accept the change of the name of MANU (abv. for "Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts") into embarrassing or shameful "ANUSM" (abv. for "Akademija na Naukite i Umetnostite na Severna Makedonija" (in Macedonian language)), so their decision was not to abide with the provisions of the Prespa Agreement and hence the presidency of the Academy rejected directive of the Government to comply with the treaty.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Establishment of MASA". MACEDONIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Mission". MACEDONIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Leadership – MASA". manu.edu.mk. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  4. ^ Vojislav Ilić (1971). Živan Milisavac (ed.). Jugoslovenski književni leksikon [Yugoslav Literary Lexicon] (in Serbo-Croatian). Novi Sad (SAP Vojvodina, SR Serbia): Matica srpska. p. 293.
  5. ^ Macedonia embroiled in encyclopaedia row. Oct 13, 2009, Euractiv.
  6. ^ Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences says no to “North”. Macedonia Times, February 25, 2021.