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Nepal Academy of Science and Technology
नेपाल विज्ञान तथा प्रविधि प्रज्ञा-प्रतिष्ठान
HeadquartersKhumaltar, Lalitpur
Official language
Nepali and English
OwnerNepal Government of Nepal
Websitehttp://www.nast.gov.np

Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), previously RONAST, is an autonomous apex body established in 1982 to promote science and technology in Nepal.[1][2][3][4] With the implementation of federal structure by the government of Nepal, it has opened its first provincial office at Mahendranagar.[5]

Objectives

[6]

Molecular Biotechnology Unit Laboratory

The Molecular Biotechnology Unit (previously called the Biotechnology Unit) started research at DNA level in 2002 with molecular diagnosis of Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) disease; commonly known as Citrus Greening Disease. Prior to this, it was engaged in research activities such as the production of disease-free planting materials of citrus through shoot tip grafting in vitro tissue culture technique, Bacillus thuringiensis based biological pesticide, Citrus Tristeza Virus diagnosis using ELISA technique and plant propagation using plant growth regulators.

Activities of the unit are:

Environment Research Laboratory

The Environment and climate study research unit conducts research on environmental issues. Besides research, water quality analysis service is provided to consumers. The major programs of the unit are:

The objective is to investigate methods of pollution control, conduct climatological and meteorological studies and provide an analytical service for the quality analysis of water.

Program and achievements;

[8]

Physical Science Laboratory

The Physical Science Unit consists of the following fields of research:

Nepal flora project

Nepal has 6500 species of flowering plants. The botanical exploration is not yet completed and therefore, some plant species are unexplored. Realizing the need for a publication of the flora of Nepal, the 'Nepal Academy of Science and Technology' initiated the project in collaboration with national and international institutions.

Ten volumes of the Nepal Flora have been scheduled to publish by 2020 in digital and printed book version. Volume 3 including plants from Magnoliaceae to Rosaceae was published in 2011 as a first publication from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK which includes 21 families with 123 genera, 600 species, 19 sub-species, 31 varieties and 4 forma.[10]

Solar Energy

Some activities are:

Material science and nanotechnology

Major activities:

Bio Energy Unit

NAST is focusing on processing technology for biodiesel production from jatropha oil and waste cooking oil using homely grown or to be grown or available feedstock or catalyst to develop the novel technology. The primary concerns are in jatropha oil, waste cooking oil, microalgae.

Biomass Laboratory: NAST works on utilization of biomass wastes; agro, forest or households, or municipal, to make energy commodities or manures as following:

[13]

Wind Energy

NAST is measuring wind speed and resource characterization for sites in Nepal.[14]

Small hydro power

The Small Hydro Power program was initiated from the fiscal year 2071/72 at NAST under the Faculty of Technology. Phase I (within 1st year):

Phase II (within 2nd year):

Phase III (within 3rd year):

Other hydro activities

Other hydro research

References

  1. ^ "Welcome to Nepal Academy of Science and Technology". NAST. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
  2. ^ "IAP - Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)". Interacademies.net. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
  3. ^ "Detailed information — ICSU". International Council for Science. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
  4. ^ "Scholarship | Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) PhD scholarship, PhD Fellowship, Research Grant, Fellowship and Assistantship". Edusanjal. 2013-12-07. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
  5. ^ "NAST". nast.gov.np. Archived from the original on 2018-04-22. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  6. ^ "Welcome to Nepal Academy of Science and Technology(NAST): objectives". NAST. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
  7. ^ "Molecular Biotechnology". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  8. ^ "Environment Research Laboratory". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  9. ^ "Physical Science Laboratory". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  10. ^ "Nepal Flora Project". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  11. ^ "Solar Energy". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  12. ^ "Material Science and Nanotechnology". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  13. ^ "Bio Energy". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  14. ^ "Wind Energy". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  15. ^ "Small hydro power". NAST. Retrieved 2015-06-13.