|Merged into||International Social Science Council|
|Successor||International Science Council|
|International Council of Scientific Unions|
The International Council for Science (ICSU, after its former name, International Council of Scientific Unions) was an international non-governmental organization devoted to international cooperation in the advancement of science. Its members were national scientific bodies and international scientific unions.
In July 2018, the ICSU merged with the International Social Science Council (ISSC) to form the International Science Council (ISC).
In 2017, the ICSU comprised 122 multi-disciplinary National Scientific Members, Associates and Observers representing 142 countries and 31 international, disciplinary Scientific Unions. ICSU also had 22 Scientific Associates. In July 2018, ICSU merged with the International Social Science Council (ISSC) to form the International Science Council (ISC) at a constituent general assembly in Paris.
The ICSU's mission was to strengthen international science for the benefit of society. To do this, the ICSU mobilized the knowledge and resources of the international scientific community to:
Activities focused on three areas: International Research Collaboration, Science for Policy, and Universality of Science.
In July 2018, the ICSU became the International Science Council (ISC).
The ICSU itself was one of the oldest non-governmental organizations in the world, representing the evolution and expansion of two earlier bodies known as the International Association of Academies (IAA; 1899–1914) and the International Research Council (IRC; 1919–1931). In 1998, Members agreed that the Council's current composition and activities would be better reflected by modifying the name from the International Council of Scientific Unions to the International Council for Science, while its rich history and strong identity would be well served by retaining the existing acronym, ICSU.
The Principle of Freedom and Responsibility in Science: the free and responsible practice of science is fundamental to scientific advancement and human and environmental well-being. Such practice, in all its aspects, requires freedom of movement, association, expression and communication for scientists, as well as equitable access to data, information, and other resources for research. It requires responsibility at all levels to carry out and communicate scientific work with integrity, respect, fairness, trustworthiness, and transparency, recognizing its benefits and possible harms. In advocating the free and responsible practice of science, the council promotes equitable opportunities for access to science and its benefits, and opposes discrimination based on such factors as ethnic origin, religion, citizenship, language, political or other opinion, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, or age.
The International Science Council's Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in Science (CFRS) "oversees this commitment and is the guardian of this work."
The ICSU Secretariat (20 staff in 2012) in Paris ensured the day-to-day planning and operations under the guidance of an elected executive board. Three Policy Committees − Committee on Scientific Planning and Review (CSPR), Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the conduct of Science (CFRS) and Committee on Finance − assisted the executive board in its work and a General Assembly of all Members was convened every three years. ICSU has three Regional Offices − Africa, Asia and the Pacific as well as Latin America and the Caribbean.
The principal source of ICSU's finances was the contributions it receives from its members. Other sources of income are the framework contracts from UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and grants and contracts from United Nations bodies, foundations and agencies, which are used to support the scientific activities of the ICSU Unions and interdisciplinary bodies.
|IAU||International Astronomical Union||1922||Astronomy|
|IBRO||International Brain Research Organization||1993||Neuroscience|
|ICA||International Cartographic Association||1990||Cartography|
|IGU||International Geographical Union||1923||Geography|
|IMU||International Mathematical Union||1922||Mathematics|
|INQUA||International Union for Quaternary Research||2005||Quaternary Period|
|ISA||International Sociological Association||2011||Sociology and Social Sciences|
|ISPRS||International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing||2002||Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing|
|IUAES||International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences||1993||Anthropology and Ethnology|
|IUBMB||International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology||1955||Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|IUBS||International Union of Biological Sciences||1925||Biology|
|IUCr||International Union of Crystallography||1947||Crystallography|
|IUFRO||International Union of Forest Research Organizations||2005||Forestry|
|IUFoST||International Union of Food Science and Technology||1996||Food science and Food technology|
|IUGG||International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics||1919||Geodesy and Geophysics|
|IUGS||International Union of Geological Sciences||1922||Geology|
|IUHPS||International Union of History and Philosophy of Science||1922||History of science and Philosophy of science|
|IUIS||International Union of Immunological Societies||1976||Immunology|
|IUMRS||International Union of Materials Research Societies||2005||Materials science|
|IUMS||International Union of Microbiological Societies||1982||Microbiology|
|IUNS||International Union of Nutritional Sciences||1968||Nutrition|
|IUPAB||International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics||1966||Biophysics|
|IUPAC||International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry||1922||Chemistry|
|IUPAP||International Union of Pure and Applied Physics||1922||Physics|
|IUPESM||International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine||1999||Medical physics|
|IUPHAR||International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology||1972||Pharmacology|
|IUPS||International Union of Physiological Sciences||1955||Physiology|
|IUPsyS||International Union of Psychological Science||1982||Psychology|
|IUSS||International Union of Soil Sciences||1993||Soil science|
|IUTAM||International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics||1947||Mechanics|
|IUTOX||International Union of Toxicology||1996||Toxicology|
|URSI||International Union of Radio Science||1922||Radio science|
|4S||Society for Social Studies of Science|
|AAS||African Academy of Sciences|
|AASSA||Association of Academies and Societies of Sciences in Asia|
|ACAL||Academia de Ciencias de América Latina|
|CIE||Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage|
|FIG||Fédération internationale des géomètres|
|IAHR||International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research|
|IASC||International Arctic Science Committee|
|ICA (acoustics)||International Commission for Acoustics|
|ICIAM||International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics|
|ICLAS||International Council for Laboratory Animal Science|
|ICO||International Commission for Optics|
|ICSTI||International Council for Scientific and Technical Information|
|IFIP||International Federation for Information Processing|
|IFLA||International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions|
|IFS||International Foundation for Science|
|IFSM||International Federation of Societies for Microscopy|
|IIASA||International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis|
|IUVSTA||International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications|
|IWA||International Water Association|
|PSA||Pacific Science Association|
|SCOPE||Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment|
|TWAS||The World Academy of Sciences|
|UIS||Union Internationale de Spéléologie|
|CIAAW||Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights|
|CODATA||Committee on Data for Science and Technology|
|COSPAR||Committee on Space Research|
|GCOS||Global Climate Observing System|
|IGBP||International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme|
|IHDP||International Human Dimensions Programme|
|SCAR||Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research|
|SCOPE||Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment|
|SCOR||Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research|
|INASP||International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications|
|WCRP||World Climate Research Programme|
|WDS||World Data System|