A reed trio, also known as a trio d’anches, is a mixed chamber ensemble consisting of three reed instruments: oboe, clarinet and bassoon. Either term can also refer to a musical composition for this ensemble.

History

The origins of the reed trio are more recent than the wind quintet: while the latter arose early in the nineteenth century, the first known composition for reed trio, a work by French composer Ange Flégier, was not written until 1897.[1] The reed trio ranks second only to the wind quintet among woodwind chamber ensembles in terms of popularity and quantity of original repertoire.[2] The reed trio genre became more firmly established in the late 1920s by bassoonist Fernand Oubradous, oboist Myrtile Morel and clarinetist Pierre Lefèbvre, who together comprised the Trio d’Anches de Paris.[3][4] Much of the original repertoire for the reed trio was written for Oubradous’ ensemble as well as the contemporaneous Trio d’Anches René Daraux (René Daraux, oboe; Fernand Gossens, clarinet; Ange Maugendre, bassoon). Professional reed trios that have produced commercial recordings include the Saarland Radio Wind Trio, Ensemble Trielen,Trio Lézard, the Cavell Trio, Trio d’Anches de Cologne, Trio d’Anches Hamburg, Trois Bois, Trio d'Anches de Monte-Carlo, Zagreb Wind Trio and Ocotillo Winds.

The Oiseau-Lyre Wind Trios

Several French composers are responsible for contributing some of the first works for Reed Trio and have written standards that are part of the Oisea-Lyre Wind Trio Collection. This collection consist of seven compositions by Darius Milhaud, Jacques Ibert, Georges Auric, and Henry Barraud. These works came as a response to the formation and well reception of the Trio d’anches de Paris in the 1930s.[5] Louis Hanson-Dyer collaborated with the Trio d'anches de Paris to publish and record the music with her company Éditions de l’Oiseau-Lyre.

List of reed trios by country

Argentina

Belgium

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

Croatia

Czech Republic / Slovakia

Denmark

France

Germany

Hungary

Italy

Japan

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Macedonia

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Romania

Russia

Sweden

Switzerland

United Kingdom

United States

Reed trio with accompanying instruments

Reed trio with orchestra

Reed trio with piano

Reed trio with electronics

References

  1. ^ Fliégier reed trio on IMSLP
  2. ^ Gillespie, James E. (1971). "The Reed Trio: An Annotated Bibliography of Original Published Works". Detroit Studies in Music. The University of California (20). ISSN 0070-3885.
  3. ^ Gillespie, James E. (1971). "The Reed Trio: An Annotated Bibliography of Original Published Works". Detroit Studies in Music. The University of California (20). ISSN 0070-3885.
  4. ^ History of the reed trio on Trio Lézard's website
  5. ^ McGee Stockwell, Catherine (2016). The Oiseau-Lyre Wind Trios: A Critical Study of Interpretations Documented in Sound Recordings. Universidade de Évora. pp. xvi.
  6. ^ Clark, Walter Aaron (2001). "Ranieri, Salvador". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.47988.
  7. ^ Rossel, Jens (2001). "Berg, Gunnar". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.02769.
  8. ^ Andrieux, Françoise; Briscoe, James R. (2001). "Arrieu, Claude". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.01344.
  9. ^ Fletcher, Kristine Klopfenstein (1988). "VI. Annotated Bibliography of Commissioned Solos for Bassoon, 1898-1984". The Paris Conservatoire and the Contest Solos for Bassoon. Indiana University Press. p. 74. ISBN 0-253-34215-5.
  10. ^ Evans, Gary Windell (December 2006). "CHAPTER 4 THE CHAMBER AND SOLO WORKS FOR CLARINET BY MARCEL MIHALOVICI" (PDF). Marcel Mihalovici: A Critical Evaluation of His Solo and Chamber Works for Clarinet, A Lecture Recital, Together with Three Recitals of Selected Works by Bozza, Uhl, Martino, Sowerby, Kalliwoda, Bax, and Others (Thesis). University of North Texas. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  11. ^ Fletcher, Kristine Klopfenstein (1988). "VI. Annotated Bibliography of Commissioned Solos for Bassoon, 1898-1984". The Paris Conservatoire and the Contest Solos for Bassoon. Indiana University Press. p. 87. ISBN 0-253-34215-5.
  12. ^ Fletcher, Kristine Klopfenstein (1988). "VI. Annotated Bibliography of Commissioned Solos for Bassoon, 1898-1984". The Paris Conservatoire and the Contest Solos for Bassoon. Indiana University Press. p. 86. ISBN 0-253-34215-5.
  13. ^ Herd, Judith (2001). "Shinohara, Makoto". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.25644.
  14. ^ Cigrang Trio d'Anches at Luxembourg Music Publishers
  15. ^ Weber, Loll (2001). "Krumlovsky, Claus". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.45619.
  16. ^ Samama, Leo (2001). "Escher, Rudolf". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.08966.
  17. ^ "The Repertoire of Romanian Musical Creation for Wind Instruments" (PDF). CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ Cosma, Octavian; Rădulescu, Antigona (2001). "Dinescu, Violeta". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.44967.
  19. ^ Müller, Patrick (2001). "Zbinden, Julien-François". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.30881.
  20. ^ Standford Cartoons (composer's website)
  21. ^ Mechem Reed Trio on the composer's website
  22. ^ Pasler, Jann; Rife, Jerry (2001). "Schmitt, Florent". Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.24960.
  23. ^ Standford Suite Humoresque (composer's website)

Further reading