Sir Rob Lockhart
Born23 June 1893
Beith, North Ayrshire, Scotland
Died11 September 1981
Kent, England
Allegiance
British Empire
Service/branch British Indian Army
Years of service1913–1948, 1951–1952
RankGeneral
Commands held
Southern Command
1st Battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment
Indian Army
Battles/warsFirst World War
Second World War
Awards
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Military Cross

General Sir Rob McGregor MacDonald Lockhart KCB CIE MC (23 June 1893 – 11 September 1981) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War and later a leading member of the Scout Association.

Family

Lockhart was born in Ayrshire, Scotland. His mother was Florence Stuart Macgregor, while other ancestors included Bruces, Hamiltons, Cummings, Wallaces and Douglases. His brother, the writer R. H. Bruce Lockhart, claimed that "There is no drop of English blood in my veins."[1] Another brother, J. H. Bruce Lockhart, was headmaster of Sedbergh School, while his nephews Rab Bruce Lockhart and Logie Bruce Lockhart went on to become headmasters of Loretto and Gresham's. Another nephew, J. M. Bruce Lockhart, was an intelligence officer. He married Margaret Amy Campbell on 2 September 1918 in Mussorie, India. They had one daughter, Mary Mavora Lockhart, who was born in 1919 and a son, Norman Neil Campbell Lockhart, who was born in 1925. Norman Lockhart went on to serve in the Seaforth Highlanders in World War Two and the Malayan Emergency. The same regiment as the uncle he was named after and Rob Lockhart's favourite brother, Norman Douglas Steward Bruce Lockhart, who was killed at the Battle of Loos in 1915.

Military career

Lockhart was born 23 June 1893 and educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was commissioned onto the Unattached List for the Indian Army as a second lieutenant on 22 January 1913.[2] He joined the 51st Sikhs on 8 March 1914 and in the First World War served in Egypt, Aden, and Mesopotamia.[3][4] He was promoted to lieutenant on 22 April 1915, to acting captain on 13 April 1916, again on 7 October 1916, and to captain on 22 January 1917.[5][6][7] On 1 January 1918 he was awarded the Military Cross.[8]

Attending the Staff College, Camberley from 1926 to 1927, he was promoted to major 22 January 1931,[9] Lockhart was brevetted as a lieutenant-colonel on 1 January 1933 and appointed as military attache to the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 10 March 1934 to 1 December 1935.[9][10][11] He was Promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 8 November 1936,[12] and was given command of the 1st battalion, the 12th Frontier Force Regiment.[13] He was promoted to colonel on 1 February 1939 (with seniority from 1 January 1936), and appointed Deputy Director of Staff Duties in the India Office.[10][14] from 1 February 1939 to 19 December 1939.[9]

Promoted to temporary brigadier on 20 December 1939,[15] Lockhart served in the Second World War as Director of Staff Duties in the India Office from 20 December 1939 to 14 December 1941,[16] when he became Military Secretary to the India Office, a position he filled until 9 July 1943.[9][10] He was promoted to acting major-general on 28 April 1941,[9] to temporary major-general on 28 April 1942, and to the permanent rank of major-general on 24 October 1942.[17][18] Promoted to acting lieutenant-general on 15 April 1945, he was appointed General Officer Commanding Southern Command in India that year, and was promoted to lieutenant-general on 23 November (with seniority from 3 April 1944).[10][19] [20] On 19 June 1947, with the independence of India and Pakistan imminent, he was appointed as acting Governor of the North West Frontier Province.[21]

On 15 August 1947, the day British India was partitioned into two independent Dominions, Lockhart was appointed as Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army, with the acting rank of general.[22] He was promoted to general on 1 September (with seniority from 1 July 1945).[23] He retired on 1 October 1948,[24] but was recalled to the British forces as Director of Operations during the Malaya Emergency between 1951 and 1952.

Retiring in 1951, he served as deputy chief scout for the Boy Scouts Association from 1951 to 1961. He also served on the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1953 to 1959, and in 1961 was awarded the Bronze Wolf Award, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting.

Lockhart died on 11 September 1981, leaving property valued at £4504. His address at death was Gainsborough Nursing Home, 4 Nevil Park, Tunbridge Wells, Kent.[25]

References

  1. ^ R. H. Bruce Lockhart, My Scottish Youth (B&W Publishing, Edinburgh, 1993), ISBN 1 873631 26 X, pp 313–353
  2. ^ London Gazette 21 January 1913
  3. ^ "No. 28849". The London Gazette. 14 July 1914. p. 5455.
  4. ^ January 1941 Indian Army List supplement
  5. ^ "No. 29186". The London Gazette. 8 June 1915. p. 5526.
  6. ^ "No. 30453". The London Gazette. 1 January 1918. p. 163.
  7. ^ "No. 30084". The London Gazette. 22 May 1917. p. 4946.
  8. ^ "No. 30563". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 March 1918. p. 2974.
  9. ^ a b c d e Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  10. ^ a b c d Sir Robert Lockhart at Generals.dk
  11. ^ "No. 33899". The London Gazette. 3 January 1933. p. 51.
  12. ^ "No. 34360". The London Gazette. 15 January 1937. p. 343.
  13. ^ January 1937 Indian Army List
  14. ^ "No. 34620". The London Gazette. 28 April 1939. p. 2826.
  15. ^ "No. 34858". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 May 1940. p. 3175.
  16. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.126
  17. ^ "No. 35883". The London Gazette. 29 January 1943. p. 559.
  18. ^ "No. 35844". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1942. p. 79.
  19. ^ "No. 37118". The London Gazette. 8 June 1945. p. 2908.
  20. ^ "No. 37462". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 February 1946. p. 895.
  21. ^ "No. 38007". The London Gazette. 4 July 1947. p. 3074.
  22. ^ "No. 38041". The London Gazette. 8 August 1947. p. 3739.
  23. ^ "No. 38134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 November 1947. p. 5636.
  24. ^ "No. 38431". The London Gazette. 15 October 1948. p. 5447.
  25. ^ "Bruce-Lockhart sir Robert Hamilton" in Probate Index for 1970, online at probatesearch.service.gov.uk/Calendar, Retrieved 12 April 2019
Military offices Preceded bySir Sydney Muspratt Military Secretary to the India Office 1941–1943 Succeeded byGeorge Molesworth Preceded bySir Noel Beresford-Peirse GOC-in-C, Southern Command, India 1945 – 1947 Succeeded byPost disbanded Preceded byNew position. Replaced the Chief of the General Staff (India) Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army 1947 Succeeded bySir Roy Bucher Political offices Preceded bySir Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe Governor of the North-West Frontier Province 1947 Succeeded bySir George Cunningham