Rogaland County
Rogaland fylke
Rogaland within Norway
Rogaland within Norway
Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictWestern Norway
Established1662
Administrative centreStavanger
Government
 • BodyRogaland County Municipality
 • Governor (2021)Bent Høie (H)
 • County mayor
   (2019)
Marianne Chesak (Ap)
Area
 • Total9,377.31 km2 (3,620.60 sq mi)
 • Land8,575.70 km2 (3,311.10 sq mi)
 • Water801.61 km2 (309.50 sq mi)  8.5%
 • Rank#10 in Norway
Population
 (2021)
 • Total482,645
 • Rank#4 in Norway
 • Density56.3/km2 (146/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +10.7%
DemonymRogalending[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-11[3]
Income (per capita)155,000 kr (2008)
GDP (per capita)267,000 kr (2008)
GDP national rank#4 in Norway
(6.63% of country)
WebsiteOfficial website

Rogaland ([ˈrûːɡɑlɑn] ) is a county in Western Norway, bordering the North Sea to the west and the counties of Vestland to the north, Telemark to the east and Agder to the east and southeast. In 2020, it had a population of 479,892. The administrative centre of the county is the city of Stavanger, which is one of the largest cities in Norway.

Rogaland is the centre of the Norwegian petroleum industry. In 2016, Rogaland had an unemployment rate of 4.9%, one of the highest in Norway.[4] In 2015, Rogaland had a fertility rate of 1.78 children per woman, which is the highest in the country.[5] The Diocese of Stavanger for the Church of Norway includes all of Rogaland county.

Etymology

Rogaland is the region's Old Norse name, which was revived in modern times. During Denmark's rule of Norway until the year 1814, the county was named Stavanger amt, after the large city of Stavanger. The first element is the plural genitive case of rygir which is probably referring to the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land which means "land" or "region". In Old Norse times, the region was called Rygjafylki.[6]

See also: the etymology of Ryfylke

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is modern; it was granted on 11 January 1974. The arms are blue with a white or silver pointed cross in the centre. The cross is based on the old stone cross in Sola, the oldest national monument in Norway. It was erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028. This type of cross was very common in medieval Norway.[7]

Geography

Rogaland is mainly a coastal region with fjords, beaches, and islands, the principal island being Karmøy. The vast Boknafjorden is the largest bay, with many fjords branching off from it.

Stavanger/Sandnes, the third-largest urban area of Norway, is in central Rogaland and it includes the large city of Stavanger and the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes, Randaberg, and Sola. Together, this conurbation is ranked above the city Trondheim in population rankings in Norway.

There are many cities/towns in Rogaland other than Stavanger and Sandnes. They include Haugesund, Egersund, Sauda, Jørpeland, Bryne, Kopervik, Åkrehamn, and Skudeneshavn.

Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some from the Visnes mine was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty).[8] Sokndal has large deposits of ilmenite. Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and the Jæren district in Rogaland is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.

History

There are remains in Rogaland from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.

Culture and tourism

A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. happy food) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.

Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350–500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum at Karmøy.

Government

Main article: Rogaland County Municipality

A county (fylke) is the chief local administrative area in Norway. The whole country is divided into 11 counties. A county is also an election area, with popular votes taking place every 4 years. In Rogaland, the government of the county is the Rogaland County Municipality. It includes 47 members who are elected to form a county council (Fylkesting). Heading the Fylkesting is the county mayor (fylkesordførar). Since 2020, the Rogaland County Municipality has been led by Marianne Chesak, the county mayor.

The county also has a County Governor (fylkesmann) who is the representative of the King and Government of Norway. Bent Høie is the incumbent governor, in office since 1 November 2021.

The municipalities in Rogaland are divided among several district courts (tingrett): Dalane District Court, Haugaland District Court, Jæren District Court, and Stavanger District Court. All of these courts are subordinate to the Gulating Court of Appeal district based in Bergen.

Subdivisions

Municipalities

Rogaland County has a total of 23 municipalities:[9][10]

Municipal
Number
Name Adm. Centre Location in
the county
Established Includes (former municipalities)
1101 Eigersund Egersund 1 Jan 1965 1101 Egersund
1113 Heskestad (part)
1115 Helleland
1103 Stavanger Stavanger 1 Jan 1838 1124 Håland (part)
1125 Madla
1126 Hetland (part)
1132 Fister (part)
1133 Hjelmeland og Fister (part)
1140 Sjernarøy
1141 Finnøy
1142 Rennesøy
1106 Haugesund Haugesund 1 Jan 1855 1152 Torvastad (part)
1153 Skåre
1108 Sandnes Sandnes 1 Jan 1838 1123 Høyland
1126 Hetland (part)
1128 Høle (part)
1129 Forsand (part)
1111 Sokndal Hauge 1 Jan 1838 1107 Sogndal
1112 Lund Moi 1 Jan 1838 1113 Heskestad (part)
1114 Bjerkreim Vikeså 1 Jan 1838
1119 Varhaug 1 Jan 1964 1117 Ogna
1118 Varhaug
1119 Nærbø
1120 Klepp Kleppe 1 Jan 1838
1121 Time Bryne 1 Jan 1838
1122 Gjesdal Ålgård 1 Jan 1838 1128 Høle (part)
1124 Sola Solakrossen 1 Jan 1930 1124 Håland (part)
1127 Randaberg Randaberg 1 July 1922
1130 Strand Jørpeland 1 Jan 1838 1129 Forsand (part)
1133 Hjelmeland Hjelmelandsvågen 1 July 1884 1131 Årdal
1132 Fister (part)
1133 Hjelmeland og Fister (part)
1134 Suldal Sand 1 Jan 1838 1136 Sand
1137 Erfjord
1138 Jelsa
1156 Imsland (part)
1135 Sauda Sauda 1 Jan 1842
1144 Kvitsøy Ydstebøhamn 1 Jan 1923
1145 Bokn Føresvik 1 Jan 1849
1146 Tysvær Aksdal 1 Jan 1849 1139 Nedstrand
1147 Avaldsnes (part)
1154 Skjold (part)
1149 Karmøy Kopervik 1 Jan 1965 1104 Skudeneshavn
1105 Kopervik
1147 Avaldsnes (part)
1148 Stangaland
1149 Åkra
1150 Skudenes
1152 Torvastad (part)
1151 Utsira Utsira 1 July 1924
1160 Vindafjord Ølensjøen 1 Jan 1965 1154 Skjold (part)
1155 Vats
1156 Imsland (part)
1157 Vikedal
1158 Sandeid
1159 Ølen

Districts

Cities

Main article: list of towns and cities in Norway

Parishes

Main article: list of churches in Rogaland

Villages

Main article: list of villages in Rogaland

Former municipalities

Main article: List of former municipalities of Norway

Education

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2023)

Demographics

Religion in Rogaland[11][12]
religion percent
Christianity
85.47%
Islam
1.53%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other/atheism
12.76%

Total population:[13][14]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951211,512—    
1961239,052+13.0%
1971268,684+12.4%
1981305,490+13.7%
1991337,906+10.6%
2001375,225+11.0%
2011436,087+16.2%
2021482,645+10.7%
2031 (est.)
594,278+23.1%

In popular culture

Rogaland is a playable region within Norway in Assassin's Creed Valhalla, called Rygjafylke in the game. It is also the homeland of the game’s main character, Eivor Varinsdottir.

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Bolstad, Erik; Thorsnæs, Geir, eds. (2023-01-26). "Kommunenummer". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget.
  4. ^ Østerud, Tor Ingar (2016-02-26). "58 percent more unemployed engineers and IT people". Norway Today. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  5. ^ "Total fertility rate, women, by county". Statistics Norway. 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  6. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  8. ^ "Origin of the copper of the statue of Liberty". Statue-de-la-liberte. Archived from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  9. ^ List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  10. ^ moderniseringsdepartementet, Kommunal-og (October 27, 2017). "Nye kommune- og fylkesnummer fra 2020". Regjeringen.no.
  11. ^ "Statistics Norway – Church of Norway". Archived from the original on July 16, 2012.
  12. ^ "Statistics Norway – Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006–2010".
  13. ^ Statistics Norway.
  14. ^ "Statistikkbanken". Archived from the original on 2012-05-26.