Stephen Krasner
Director of Policy Planning
In office
February 4, 2005 – April 20, 2007
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byMitchell B. Reiss
Succeeded byDavid F. Gordon
Personal details
Stephen David Krasner

(1942-02-15) February 15, 1942 (age 82)
Alma materCornell University (BA)
Columbia University (MA)
Harvard University (PhD)

Stephen David Krasner (born February 15, 1942) is an American academic and former diplomat. Krasner has been a professor of international relations at Stanford University since 1981, and served as the Director of Policy Planning from 2005 to April 2007 while on leave from Stanford.[1]

A realist, he is known for his contributions to International Relations and International Political Economy.[2][3][4]


Krasner was born on February 15, 1942, in New York City.[5] He was raised in Manhattan.[6] He received his bachelor's degree from the Department of History at Cornell University in 1963, where he was a member of the Quill and Dagger society. He earned his master's degree from Columbia University. In 1972, he completed his PhD at Harvard University.[6] He did his PhD dissertation on the international coffee market.[6] At Harvard University, he was influenced by Albert Hirschman.[6]


Before coming to Stanford University in 1981, Krasner taught at Harvard University and University of California, Los Angeles. He was the editor of International Organization from 1986 to 1992.[7][6]

Krasner is the author of six books and over ninety articles. He has taught courses on international relations, international political economy, international relations theory, policy making, and state-building at Stanford University. He received a dean's award for excellence in teaching in 1991. At Stanford University, Krasner has been an advisor to Daniel Drezner[8] and

Krasner was a key figure in establishing regime theory as a prominent topic of study in IR, in part through the 1983 edited collection International Regimes.[9][10] Krasner is a key figure in the development of hegemonic stability theory.[2][11] Krasner was influenced by Robert Gilpin.[6]

He has written extensively about statehood and sovereignty.

Krasner is credited with incorporating the idea of punctuated equilibrium into the social sciences and contributing to critical juncture theory.[12]

Krasner is a senior fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution.

Krasner was named Director of Policy Planning in the State Department by his former Stanford University colleague Condoleezza Rice.[6]

In 2020, Krasner, along with over 130 other former Republican national security officials, signed a statement that asserted that President Trump was unfit to serve another term, and "To that end, we are firmly convinced that it is in the best interest of our nation that Vice President Joe Biden be elected as the next President of the United States, and we will vote for him."[13]


Edited works

Selected articles


  1. ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs. "Krasner, Stephen". Retrieved 2020-03-07.
  2. ^ a b Cohen, Benjamin J. (2008). International Political Economy: An Intellectual History. Princeton University Press. pp. 72–74. ISBN 978-0-691-13569-4.
  3. ^ Keohane, Robert O. (2013), Finnemore, Martha; Goldstein, Judith (eds.), "Stephen Krasner: Subversive Realist", Back to Basics, Oxford University Press, pp. 28–52, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970087.003.0003, ISBN 978-0-19-997008-7
  4. ^ Keohane, Robert O. (1997). "Problematic Lucidity: Stephen Krasner's "State Power and the Structure of International Trade"". World Politics. 50 (1): 150–170. doi:10.1017/S0043887100014751. ISSN 0043-8871. JSTOR 25054030. S2CID 146511558.
  5. ^ "Conversation with History - Stephen Krasner, 2003". Retrieved 2020-03-07.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Cohen, Benjamin J. (2008). International Political Economy: An Intellectual History. Princeton University Press. pp. 97–99. ISBN 978-0-691-13569-4.
  7. ^ "FSI | CDDRL - Stephen D. Krasner". Retrieved 2020-03-07.
  8. ^ Drezner, Daniel W. (1999). The Sanctions Paradox: Economic Statecraft and International Relations. Cambridge University Press. pp. xv. ISBN 978-0-521-64415-0.
  9. ^ Cohen, Benjamin J. (2008). International Political Economy: An Intellectual History. Princeton University Press. pp. 96, 100. ISBN 978-0-691-13569-4.
  10. ^ Martin, Lisa L.; Simmons, Beth A. (1998). "Theories and Empirical Studies of International Institutions". International Organization. 52 (4): 729–757. doi:10.1162/002081898550734. ISSN 1531-5088. S2CID 19589300.
  11. ^ Webb, Michael C.; Krasner, Stephen D. (1989). "Hegemonic Stability Theory: An Empirical Assessment". Review of International Studies. 15 (2): 183–198. doi:10.1017/S0260210500112999. ISSN 0260-2105. JSTOR 20097178. S2CID 144205698.
  12. ^ Stephen D. Krasner, "Approaches to the State: Alternative Conceptions and Historical Dynamics." Comparative Politics 16(2)(1984): 223–46; Stephen D. Krasner, "Sovereignty: An Institutional Perspective." Comparative Political Studies 21(1)(1988): 66–94.
  13. ^ "Former Republican National Security Officials for Biden". Defending Democracy Together. 20 August 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2021.