Suez Canal Authority
PredecessorSuez Canal Company
FormationJuly 26, 1956; 67 years ago (1956-07-26)
TypeGovernmental agency
PurposeManaging the Suez Canal
Coordinates30°35′18″N 32°16′57″E / 30.58833°N 32.28250°E / 30.58833; 32.28250 (Suez Canal Authority headquarters, Ismaïlia)
Admiral Osama Mounier Mohamed Rabie[1] Edit this at Wikidata
House flag of Suez Canal Authority

Suez Canal Authority (SCA) is an Egyptian state-owned authority which owns, operates and maintains the Suez Canal. It was set up by the Egyptian government to replace the Suez Canal Company in the 1950s which resulted in the Suez Crisis. After the United Nations intervened, the three invading countries (France, Israel, and the United Kingdom) were forced to withdraw.

Establishment and organization

SCA is an independent authority having legal personality. SCA[2] was established by the nationalization act signed on 26 July 1956 by the Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. The act at the same time nationalized the Suez Canal Company and transferred all its assets and employees to the SCA established by this act.[3]

The head office is located in Ismailia. In Port Said the administration building of the earlier Suez Canal Company is used. Its board of directors comprises 14 persons, including the chairman and managing director.[citation needed]

Assets, duties and responsibilities

SCA owns the Suez Canal and all areas, buildings and equipment pertaining thereto.[clarification needed] SCA issues the Rules of Navigation, specifies the tolls for the use of the canal and collects them. The tolls are expressed in XDR and collected in USD, GBP, EUR and other currencies.[4] In 2008, the total revenue in tolls was 5,381.9 million USD for the passage of a total of 21,415 vessels - resulting in an average toll of 251,314.5 USD per vessel.[citation needed]

SCA is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the Suez Canal, for the safety of the traffic and for all other matters relating thereto. According to the nationalisation act, SCA is bound by the 1888 Convention of Constantinople, which grants the right of free access and use of the canal at equal conditions to all ships, commercial ships and ships of war, in times of peace or of war, even to ships of belligerent parties.

Administration building in Port Said

SCA is responsible for the computerized traffic management supported by radar, for the 14 pilot stations and their pilots. Since 1996, SCA operates the Maritime Training and Simulation Center for its pilots. SCA operates some 60 ships and boats, such as tugs, dredgers, cranes, and smaller boats.[citation needed]

According to SCA's web site, its facilities also include 114 ferry connections with 36 ferry boats; the Ahmed Hamdi road tunnel; the Nile Shipyard; the roads alongside the canal; a silk production in a farm at Serabium using treated sanitary waste water for irrigation; water plants in the canal cities; 12,000 housing units; a hospital in Ismailia and emergency hospitals at both ends of the canal; and four schools and various sports and recreational centers.[citation needed]


In 2020, the total revenue generated amounted to 5.61 billion USD and 18,829 ships with a total net tonnage of 1.17 billion passed through the canal.[5] Daily revenues are $15 million USD or €13 million.[6]

On 2 January 2022, SCA announced revenues of 6.3 billion USD for 2021 - the highest in the canal's history. This represented an increase of 12.8% over 2020. In total, 20,649 vessels transited the Suez Canal in 2021 - an increase of 10% over 2020.[7]

In 2022, annual revenue stood at $8 billion in transit fees.[8]

The Suez Canal set a new record with annual revenue of $9.4 billion in USD for the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2023.[9]

Suez Canal monthly revenue

Chairmen of the Suez Canal Authority

Since nationalisation (1956–present):

See also


  1. ^ "SCA - Board of Directors". Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  2. ^ This article is based on the information given in SCA's website
  3. ^ Text of the Nationalisation Act in
  4. ^ "Tolls table". Suez Canal Authority official website. Retrieved 2024-01-19.
  5. ^ "Egypt says commercial routes that threaten Suez Canal will not affect revenues". Arab News. 2021-02-03. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  6. ^ Rami Rayess. (14 September 2021). "Dead in the water: Northwest Passage will replace Suez as world’s transport route". Al Arabiya News website Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Suez Canal revenues hit all-time record at $6.3 billion". ABC News. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  8. ^ "Egypt's Suez Canal nets $8bn in new annual record".
  9. ^ "Suez Canal annual revenue hits record $9.4 billion, chairman says". Reuters. 2023-06-21. Retrieved 2023-08-15.