Sultan of Johor
Sultan and Yang-di Pertuan of the State of Johor, The Abode of Dignity and its dependencies
Provincial/State
BenderaSultanJohor.svg
Incumbent
Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (48400998097) (cropped).jpg
Sultan Ibrahim Ismail Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj
since 23 January 2010
coronation 23 March 2015
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentTunku Ismail Ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail
First monarchAlauddin Riayat Shah II
Formation1528; 495 years ago (1528)
ResidenceIstana Bukit Serene, Johor Bahru
Websitekemahkotaan.johor.gov.my
The Johor Sultan's Headgear (Solek Temenggong). This headgear from the State at the End of the Land is one of the costumes of the last Sultan Ismail of Johor. The design of this headgear is based on the style of the Split Coconut headdress.
The Johor Sultan's Headgear (Solek Temenggong). This headgear from the State at the End of the Land is one of the costumes of the last Sultan Ismail of Johor. The design of this headgear is based on the style of the Split Coconut headdress.

The Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the sovereign ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor. In the past, the sultan held absolute power over the state and was advised by a bendahara. Currently, the role of bendahara has been taken over by first minister (Malay: Menteri Besar) with the constitutional monarchy system via Johor State Constitution. The Sultan is the constitutional head of state of Johor. The Sultan has his own independent military force, the Royal Johor Military Force (Malay: Askar Timbalan Setia Negeri Johor). The Sultan is also the Head of Islam in Johor state.[1]

History

The first sultan of Johor was Alauddin Riayat Shah II. He was the son of the last sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mahmud Shah. The descendants of the Sultanate of Malacca in Johor ended with the death of Sultan Mahmud Shah II in 1699 and throne was taken over by Sultan Abdul Jalil IV, marking the rule of the House of Bendahara. Abdul Jalil IV was a bendahara before the death of the sultan.

Though Johor has been ruled over by at least 20 sultans, Sultan Abu Bakar who reigned from 1862 to 1895, was the first sultan of the current ruling family, the House of Temenggong.[2] His father, Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim, managed to consolidate enough power to marginalize Sultan Ali who died in 1877.

Office-holder

The office of sultan is currently held by Sultan Ibrahim Ismail Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj, who was proclaimed as the 25th Sultan of Johor on 23 January 2010 and crowned on 23 March 2015 at the Istana Besar, Johor Bahru. His father, Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail Al-Khalidi, a great-grandson of Sultan Abu Bakar died on 22 January 2010; the death was announced that night. Ibrahim Ismail, the Tunku Mahkota of Johor (Crown Prince of Johor), was appointed as the Pemangku Raja (Regent) of Johor on the same day. The funeral was held on 23 January after the proclamation of Sultan Ibrahim Ismail.

List of office bearers

Sultans of Johor Reign
Malacca-Johor Dynasty
Alauddin Riayat Shah II 1528–1564
Muzaffar Shah II 1564–1570
Abdul Jalil I 1570–1571
Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II 1571–1597
Alauddin Riayat Shah III 1597–1615
Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah 1615–1623
Abdul Jalil Shah III 1623–1677
Ibrahim Shah 1677–1685
Mahmud Shah II 1685–1699
Bendahara Dynasty
Abdul Jalil Shah IV (Bendahara Abdul Jalil) 1699–1720
Malacca-Johor Dynasty (claim)
Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah I (Raja Kecil) 1718–1722
Bendahara Dynasty
Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah 1722–1760
Abdul Jalil Muazzam Shah 1760–1761
Ahmad Riayat Shah 1761–1770
Mahmud Shah III 1770–1811
Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah I 1811–1819
Ahmad Hussein Muazzam Shah 1819–1835
Ali Iskandar Muazzam Shah 1835–1855
Temenggong Dynasty
(Sultan of Modern Johor)
Abu Bakar al-Khalil 1886–1895
Ibrahim I al-Masyhur 1895–1959
Ismail al-Khalidi 1959–1981
Iskandar al-Mutawakkil Alallah 1981–2010
Ibrahim II[3] 2010–present

Timeline

Genealogy tree

See also

References

  1. ^ Wong Chun Wai (27 September 2017). "Dressing down for launderette". The Star. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  2. ^ Nadarajah, Johore and the Origins of British Control, pg 44
  3. ^ "Tunku Ibrahim Ismail Proclaimed As Sultan Of Johor". Bernama. 23 January 2010. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  4. ^ Johor Sultan appoints his grandson as Raja Muda
  5. ^ Zazali Musa (5 December 2015). "Johor prince Tunku Jalil dies of cancer". The Star. Retrieved 28 June 2018.

Notes