Textual variants in the Gospel of Mark are the subject of the study called textual criticism of the New Testament. Textual variants in manuscripts arise when a copyist makes deliberate or inadvertent alterations to a text that is being reproduced.[1]: 251–271  An abbreviated list of textual variants in this particular book is given in this article below.

Origen, writing in the 3rd century, was one of the first who made remarks about differences between manuscripts of texts that were eventually collected as the New Testament.[1]: 200  He declared his preferences among variant readings. For example, in Matthew 27:16–17, he favored "Barabbas" against "Jesus Barabbas" (In Matt. Comm. ser. 121).[1]: 201  In John 1:28, he preferred "Bethabara" over "Bethany" as the location where John was baptizing (Commentary on John VI.40 (24)).[1]: 201  "Gergeza" was preferred over "Geraza" or "Gadara" (Commentary on John VI.40 (24) – see Matthew 8:28).[1]: 201 

Most of the variations are not significant and some common alterations include the deletion, rearrangement, repetition, or replacement of one or more words when the copyist's eye returns to a similar word in the wrong location of the original text.[1]: 253  If their eye skips to an earlier word, they may create a repetition (error of dittography).[1]: 254  If their eye skips to a later word, they may create an omission.[1]: 253–254  They may resort to performing a rearranging of words to retain the overall meaning without compromising the context.[1]: 257  In other instances, the copyist may add text from memory from a similar or parallel text in another location.[1]: 257  Otherwise, they may also replace some text of the original with an alternative reading.[1]: 257  Spellings occasionally change. Synonyms may be substituted. A pronoun may be changed into a proper noun (such as "he said" becoming "Jesus said").[1]: 254–257  John Mill's 1707 Greek New Testament was estimated to contain some 30,000 variants in its accompanying textual apparatus[2] which was based on "nearly 100 [Greek] manuscripts."[1]: 154  Peter J. Gurry puts the number of non-spelling variants among New Testament manuscripts around 500,000, though he acknowledges his estimate is higher than all previous ones.[3]

Legend

A guide to the symbols (sigla) used in the body of this article.[4]

New Testament sigla
Notable manuscripts
Notable critical editions

Textual variants

For a list of many variants not noted here, see the ECM of Mark.

Textual variants in the Gospel of Mark

17 Textual variants in Mark 1
Codex Boreelianus, Mark 1:1-5a
Codex Boreelianus, Mark 1:1-5a

Mark 1:1

Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ (of Jesus Christ) – ‭א* Θ 28c 530 582* 820* 1021 1436 1555* 1692 2430 2533 l2211 copsa(ms) arm geo1 Origengr Origenlat Victorinus-Pettau Asterius Serapion Titus-Bostra Basil Cyril-Jerusalem Severian Jerome3/6 Hesychius WHtext Rivmg NM[5]
Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ θεοῦ (of Jesus Christ son of God) – ‭א1 B D L W 732 1602 2427 Diatessaronp WHmg (NA [υἱοῦ θεοῦ])[5]
Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ (of Jesus Christ son of the God) – A E F Gsupp H K Δ Π Σ ƒ1 ƒ13 33 180 205 565 579 597 700 892 1006 1009 1010 1071 1079 1195 1216 1230 1242 1243 1253 1292 1342 1344 1365 1424 1505 1546 1646 2148 2174 Byz Lect eth geo2 slav ς[5]
Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ (of Jesus Christ of the God) – 055 pc[5]
τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ (of the lord Jesus Christ) – syrpal[5]
Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ κυρίου (of Jesus Christ son of the lord) – 1241[5]
Ἰησοῦ (of Jesus) – 28*[5]

Mark 1:2

καθὼς γέγραπται (Just as it is written) – Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] 1864–94, Tischendorf 8th Edition, Nestle 1904[6][7]
ὡς γέγραπται (As it is written) – ς[7] Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church[6]

Mark 1:2

ἐν τοῖς προφήταις (in the prophets) – A E F G H K P W Π Σ ƒ13 28 180 579 597 1006 1009 1010 1079 1195 1216 1230 1242 1253 1292 1342 1344 1365 1424 1505 1546 1646 Byz Lect vgms syrh copbo(ms)(mg) arm eth slav Irenaeuslat2/3 Asterius Photius Theophylact ς ND Dio.[7] Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church[6]
ἐν τῷ Ἠσαἲᾳ τῷ προφήτῃ (in the Isaiah the prophet) – א B L D 22 33 565 892 1241 2427 Origen1/4.[7] Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] 1864–94, Tischendorf 8th Edition, Nestle 1904[6]
ἐν Ἠσαἲᾳ τῷ προφήτῃ (in Isaiah the prophet) – D Θ ƒ1 205 372 700 1071 1243 2174 2737 pc l253 arm geo Irenaeusgr Origen3/4 Severian (Jerome) Augustine Hesychius Victor-Antioch[7]
ἐν τῷ Ἠσαΐᾳ τῷ προφήτῃ or ἐν Ἠσαΐᾳ τῷ προφήτῃ (in (the) Isaiah the prophet) – ita itaur itb itc itd itf itff2 itl itq vg syrp syrh(mg) syrpal copsa copbo goth Irenaeuslat1/3 Irenaeuslat NR CEI Riv TILC Nv NM[7]
ἐν Ἠσαΐᾳ (in Isaiah) – Victorinus-Pettau Ambrosiaster Serapion Titus-Bostra Basil Epiphanius Chromatius[7]
ἐν Ἠσαΐᾳ καὶ ἐν τοῖς προφήταις (in Isaiah and in the prophets) – itr1(vid)[7]

Mark 1:2

Ἰδοὺ (Behold...) – B D Θ 28* 565 pc it vg cop Irenaeuslat.[7] Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] 1864–94, Nestle 1904[6]
Ἰδού, ἐγὼ (Behold, I...) – ‭א A L W ƒ1 ƒ13 Byz vgst vgcl syrh copsa(ms) copbo(ms) Origen Eusebius ς.[7] Tischendorf 8th Edition.[6] Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church[6]

Mark 1:2

τὴν ὁδόν σου· (the way of you:) – ‭א B D K L P W Θ Π Φ 700* 2427 2766 al it vg syrp coppt Irenaeuslat WH NR CEI Riv TILC Nv NM.[7] Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] 1864–94, Tischendorf 8th Edition, Nestle 1904[6]
τὴν ὁδόν σου ἔμπροσθέν σου. (the way of you before you.) – A Δ ƒ1 ƒ13 33 565 1342 Byz itf itff2 itl vgcl syrh copsa(mss) copbo(pt) goth Origen Eusebius ς ND Dio.[7] Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church[6]

Mark 1:4

ὁ βαπτίζων ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ καὶ (the Baptist in the wilderness and) – ‭א L Δ 205 1342 copbo geo1 slavms (NA [ὁ]) TILC[8]
ὁ βαπτίζων ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ (the Baptist in the wilderness) – B 33 2427 pc copbo(mss) WH NR Riv Nv NM[8]
βαπτίζων ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ καὶ (baptising in the wilderness and) – A E F G H K Pvid W Π Σ ƒ1 ƒ13 180 565 579 1006 1009 1010 1071 1079 1195 1216 1230 1241 1242 1243 1253 1292 1344 1365 1424 1505 1546 1646 2148 2174 Byz Lect (l751) (l1074) itf syrh syrpal (copsa omitted καὶ) goth arm eth slavmss ς (CEI) (Dio)[8]
βαπτίζων ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ (baptising in the wilderness) – 892[8]
ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ βαπτίζων καὶ (in the wilderness baptising and) – D Θ 28 700 l2211 ita itaur itb itc itff1 itl itq itr1 itt vg syrp (Eusebius Cyril-Jerusalem omitted καὶ) Jerome Augustine ND[8]
ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ καὶ (in the wilderness and) – geo2[8]

Mark 1:5

πάντες, καὶ ἐβαπτίζοντο ὑπ' αὐτοῦ ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ ποταμῷ (all, and [they] were baptised by him in the Jordan river) – B D L 28 33 892 1241 pc it vg cop? Origen WH NR CEI Riv (TILC) (Nv) NM[9]
πάντες, ἐβαπτίζοντο ὑπ' αὐτοῦ ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ ποταμῷ (all, [they] were baptised by him in the Jordan river) – ‭א* pc[9]
καὶ ἐβαπτίζοντο πάντες ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ ποταμῷ ὑπ' αὐτοῦ (and [they] were baptised all in the Jordan river by him) – A W ƒ1 700 Byz syrh ς ND Dio[9]
καὶ πάντες ἐβαπτίζοντο ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ ποταμῷ ὑπ' αὐτοῦ (and all were baptised in the Jordan river by him) – ƒ13 565 pc[9]
καὶ ἐβαπτίζοντο ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ ποταμῷ ὑπ' αὐτοῦ (and [they] were baptised in the Jordan river by him) – Θ pc[9]

Mark 1:5

ποταμῷ ([in the] river) – Byz ς WH[9]
omitted – D W Θ 28 565 799 ita Eusebius[9]

Mark 1:6

καὶ ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ (and a belt of leather around the waist of him) – Byz itaur itc itf itl itq vg ς WH[10]
omitted – D ita itb itd itff2 itr1 itt vgms[10]

Mark 1:7

ὀπίσω μου (after me) – Byz ς [WH][11]
ὀπίσω (after) – B Origen[11]
omitted – Δ 1424 itt itff2[11]

Mark 1:7

κύψας (having stooped down) – Byz ς WH[11]
omitted – D Θ ƒ13 28* 565 pc it[11]

Mark 1:8

ἐγὼ (I) – WH.[12] Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] 1864–94, Tischendorf 8th Edition, Nestle 1904[13]
ἐγὼ μέν (I indeed) – Byz ς.[12] Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church[13]

Mark 1:8

ὕδατι ([with] water) – ‭א B H Δ 33 892* 1006 1216 1243 1342 2427 vg arm geo Origen Jerome Augustine WH.[12] Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] 1864–94, Tischendorf 8th Edition, Nestle 1904[13]
ἐν ὕδατι (in water) – A E F G K L P W (Θ μέν before ἐν) Π Σ ƒ1 ƒ13 28 157 180 205 565 579 700 892c 1009 1010 1071 1079 1195 1230 1241 1242 1253 1292 1344 1365 1424 1505 1546 1646 2148 2174 Byz Lect itaur itb itc itf itl itq itt vgmss copsa copbo goth eth Hippolytus ς.[12] Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church[13]. Compare Matthew 3:11; John 1:26.[12]
ἐν ὕδατι (in water) inserted after λέγων in Mark 1:7 – D ita itd itff2 itr1[12]

Mark 1:8

π̣ν̣ι αγ̣[ιω] (the Holy Spirit) – 𝔓137.[12] π̣ν̣ι is a nomen sacrum abbreviation of πν(ευματ)ι, see Papyrus 137 § Particular readings.[14]
πνεύματι ἁγίῳ (the Holy Spirit) – B L itaur itb itt vg syrp? syrh? syrpal? arm geo Augustine WH[12]
ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ (with the Holy Spirit) – א A D K W Δ Θ Π 0133 ƒ1 ƒ13 8 33 565 700 892 1009 1010 1071 1079 1216 1230 1242 1253 1344 1365 1546 1646 2148 2174 Byz Lectm (ita) itc itd itf itff2 itl itq (itr1) copsa copbo syrp? syrh? syrpal? goth eth Hippolytus Origen ς.[12] Compare Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:16.[12]
ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ καὶ πυρί (with the Holy Spirit and fire) – P 1195 1241 44m syrh*.[12] Compare Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:16.[12]

Mark 1:13

καὶ ἦν ἐν τῇ ερημω (he was in the wilderness) – א A B D L Θ 33. 579. 892. 1342.
καὶ ἦν ἐκει ἐν τῇ ερημω (he was there in the wilderness) – W Δ 157. 1241. Byz
καὶ ἦν ἐκει (he was there) – 28. 517. 565. 700. ƒ1 Family Π syrs
Omit – ƒ13
Hiatus – C Ψ syrc

Mark 1:14

εὐαγγέλιον – א B L Θ ƒ1 ƒ13 28. 33. 565. 892
εὐαγγέλιον τῆς βασιλείας – Α, D Κ, W Δ Π 074 0133 0135 28mg, 700. 1009. 1010. 1071. 1079. 1195. 1216. 1230. 1241. 1242. 1253. 1344. 1365. 1546. 1646. 2148. 2174. Byz, Lect, lat, syrp, copbo

Mark 1:41

σπλαγχνισθεις (filled with compassion) – All manuscripts except those listed below[15]
οργισθεις (irritated; angry) – D a ff2 r1

2 Textual variants in Mark 2
Mark 2:16
ἐσθίει (eating) - B D W ita, b, d, e, ff2, r1, u[w]
ἐσθίει καὶ πίνει (eating and drinking) - 𝔓88 A ƒ1 ƒ13 2. 28. 33. 157. 180. 597. 892. 1006. 1010. 1292. 1505. / Byz E F H Lect itq, vgms, syrp,h, copsams, [w]τ
ἐσθίεται (=ἐσθίετε?) (eating) - Θ
ἐσθίει ό διδάσκαλος ύμων (your teacher eating) - (see Mt 9:11) א 1342. itaur, vgms (Origenlat), DHH
ἐσθίει καὶ πίνει ό διδάσκαλος ύμων (eating and drinking, your teacher) - L Δ ƒ13 1071. 1243. 1346. it(c),f, vg, copbo, Augustine
ἐσθίετε καὶ πίνετε ([are you] eating and drinking) - (see Lk 5:30) Σ 124. 565. 700. 1241. 1424. 547 866 srypal, arm, geo, Diatessaron
ἐσθίειτε καὶ πίνειτε ([are you] eating and drinking) - G
ό διδάσκαλος ύμων ἐσθίει καὶ πίνει (your teacher eating and drinking) - C 579 890 it1, copsamss, eth
ἐσθίετε ([are you] eating) - 1424.

Mark 2:26

ἐπὶ Ἀβιαθαρ ἀρχιερέως (when Abiatar was high priest) – א A B K L 892. 1010. 1195. 1216. 1230. 1242. 1344. 1365. 1646. 2174. Byz, 69 70 76 80 150 299 1127 1634 1761 arm
ἐπὶ Ἀβιαθαρ τοῦ ἀρχιερέως (when Abiatar was high priest) – A C Θ Π 074
ἐπὶ Ἀβιαθαρ τοῦ ἱερέως (when Abiatar was priest) – Δ itf
phrase is omitted by manuscripts D W 1009. 1546. ita, b, d, e, ff2, i, r1, t, syrs

2 Textual variants in Mark 3
Mark 3:7
ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας ἠκολούθησεν, καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας - B L 565. 728.vid
ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας ἠκολούθησεν αὐτῷ, καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας - 61.c 427. 555.c 732. 892. 950 Byz
ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας ἠκολούθησαν αὐτῷ, καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας - Φvid 0211 ƒ13:(13. 346. 543. 826.) 4. 23. 154. 179. 273. 349. 351. 372. 382. 513. 517. 544. 695. 716. 733. 752. 766. 780. 792. 803. 873. 954. 979. 1009. 1047. 1084. 1241. 1326. 1337. 1396. 1424. 1506. 1515. 1546. 1645. 1654. 1675. 2538. 2737. 2766. 211 387 770 773 2211 syh
ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας ἠκολούθησαν - א C
ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας ἠκολούθησαν αὐτῷ - Δ 377. 1071. 1342.
ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας ἠκολούθησεν αὐτῷ, καὶ ἀπὸ Ἱεροσολύμων καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας καὶ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου - ƒ1:(1. 131. 205.) 1253. (ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας) 2193.* 2886.
καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας καὶ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας ἠκολούθησεν αὐτῷ, καὶ ἀπὸ Ἱεροσολύμων - 118. 209. 1582.

Mark 3:14

δώδεκα, ἵνα ὦσιν μετʼ αὐτοῦ - Cc2 L ƒ1:(1. 205. 209. 1582.) 33. 382. 427. 544. 565. 579. 732. 740. 792. 892. 1342. 1424. 2193. 2542. 2766. 2886. 950 Byz
ἵνα ὦσιν δώδεκα μετʼ αὐτοῦ - D 79.
δώδεκα, ἵνα ὦσιν περὶ αὐτὸν - 700.
δώδεκαμαθητας ἵνα ὦσιν μετʼ αὐτοῦ οὓς καὶ ἀποστόλους ὠνόμασεν - W
δώδεκα οὓς καὶ ἀποστόλους ὠνόμασεν ἵνα ὦσιν μετʼ αὐτοῦ - א B (ὁνόμασεν - Θ ƒ13:(13. 124. 346. 543. 788. 826. 828. 1689.) 69. 238. 377. 807. 983. 1160. syh(ms)
ἵνα ὦσιν μετʼ αὐτοῦ δώδεκα οὓς καὶ ἀποστόλους ὠνόμασεν - Δ
δώδεκα, ἵνα ὦσιν μετʼ αὐτοῦ και ἵνα ἀποστέλλει αὐτοὺς οὓς καὶ ἀποστόλους ὠνόμασεν - Φvid

3 Textual variants in Mark 4
Mark 4:19
η αγαπη του πλουτου (the love of wealth) – Δ
η απατη του πλουτου (the illusion of wealth) – א A B C E Byz
απαται του πλουτου (the illusions of wealth) – W
απαται του κοσμου (the illusions of world) – D (Θ 565.)

Mark 4:19

και αι περι τα λοιπα επιθυμιαι (and the desire for other things) – rest of mss
omit – D (Θ) W ƒ1 28. (565. 700.) it

Mark 4:24

καὶ προστεθήσεται ὑμῖν – א B C L Δ 700. 892.
καὶ προστεθήσεται ὑμῖν τοῖς ἀκούουσιν – A K Π 0107 Byz
omit – codices D W 565.

3 Textual variants in Mark 5
Mark 5:9
απεκριθη λεγων – E 565. 700. 1010.
απεκριθη – D
λεγει αυτω – rest of mss.

Mark 5:9

λεγιων ονομα μοι – א B C L Δ
λεγεων – A W Θ ƒ1 ƒ13 Byz

Mark 5:37

ουδενα μετ' αυτου συνακολουθεσαι – א B C L Δ 892.
ουδενα αυτω συνακολουθεσαι – A Θ 0132 0133c ƒ13 Byz
ουδενα αυτω παρακολουθεσαι – D W 0133* ƒ1 28. 565. 700. pc
ουδενα αυτω ακολουθεσαι – A K 33. 1241. al

3 Textual variants in Mark 6
Mark 6:3[16]
ο αδελφος Ἰακώβου - 565. 700. 892.c (Θ 2542.) lat
και ἀδελφὸς Ἰακώβου – B C Δ 579. 1241. 1424.
και ο αδελφος Ἰακώβου - א D L 892.* sams bopt
ἀδελφὸς δὲ Ἰακώβου – A K N W ƒ1 ƒ13 28. Byz q syh sams

Mark 6:33

ἐκεῖ καὶ προῆλθον αὐτούς – א B 0187 (omit εκει), 892. 49 69 70 299 303 333 1579 ( 950 αυτους), itaur, vg, (copsa,bo)
ἐκει καὶ προσηλθον αὐτοῖς – L 1241 (Δ Θ 10 αὐτοῖς) 12 80 184 211 1127 arm, geo
ἐκεῖ καὶ συνῆλθον αὐτῷ – Dgr itb
ἐκεῖ καὶ συνῆλθον αὐτοῦ – 28. 700.
ἐκεῖ καὶ ἢλθον αὐτοῦ – 565. it(a),d,ff,i,r, Diatessaron
καὶ ἢλθον ἐκεῖ – ƒ1
προηλθον αὐτὸν ἐκεῖ – Peshitta
πρὸς αὐτούς καὶ συνῆλθον πρὸς αὐτον – 33.
ἐκεῖ καὶ προῆλθον αὐτοῖς καὶ συνῆλθον πρὸς αὐτον – K Π (ƒ13 συνεισηλθον προς αὐτούς) 1009. 1010. 1071. 1079. 1195. 1216. 1230. 1242. 1365. 1546. 1646. 2148. 2174. Byz
ἐκεῖ καὶ προῆλθον αὐτοῖς καὶ συνέδραμον πρὸς αὐτον – A
ἐκει – W 150 itc

Mark 6:51

ἐξίσταντο – א B L Δ 28. 892. itc, ff2, i, l vg syrs copsa, bo, geo
ἐξεπλήσσοντο – ƒ1
ἐξίσταντο καὶ ἐθαύμαζον – A D K W X Θ Π ƒ13 33. 565. 700. 1009. 1010. 1079. 1195. 1216. 1230. 1241. 1242. 1253. 1344. 1365. 1546. 1646. 2148. 2174. Byz, Lect
ἐθαύμαζον καὶ ἐξίσταντο – 517. 1424.

2 Textual variants in Mark 7
Mark 7:2
πυγμη – A B D K L X Θ Π
πυκνα – א W vg
omit – Δ syrs sa

Mark 7:16

verse is omitted by א Β L Δ 28.

1 Textual variants in Mark 8
Mark 8:10
τὰ μέρη Δαλμανουθά – א A Β C K L X Δ Π 0131 33. 700. 892. 1009. 1010. 1195. 1216. 1230. 1242. 1253. 1344. 1365. 1546. 1646. 2148. 2174. Byz, Lect, it, vg, syr, cop
τὰ ὂρη Δαλμανουθά – 1071
τὸ ὂρος Δαλμανοῦναι – W
τὰ ὅρια Δαλμανουθά – 1241
τὸ ὂρος Μαγεδά – 28
τὰ ὅρια Μελεγαδά – Dgr
τὰ μέρη Μαγδαλά – Θ ƒ1 ƒ13 80
τὰ μέρη Μαγεδά – 565.

1 Textual variants in Mark 9
Mark 8:35-9:1 in Papyrus 45.
Mark 8:35-9:1 in Papyrus 45.

Mark 9:49

πας γαρ πυρι αλισθησεται – (א εν πυρι) B L W Δ ƒ1 ƒ13 28 565. 700. 260 syrs sa
πασα γαρ θυσια αλι αλισθησεται – D it
πας γαρ πυρι αλισθησεται και πασα θυσια αλι αλισθησεται – A (C εν πυρι) K (X πυρι αλι αλισθησεται) Π (Ψ θυσια αναλωθησεται)
πας γαρ πυρι αναλωθησεται και πασα θυσια αλι αλισθησεται – Θ

3 Textual variants in Mark 10
Mark 10:1[17]
εἰς τὰ ὅρια τῆς Ἰουδαίας καὶ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, (to the region/border of Judea, and/also/even/namely beyond the Jordan,) – Alexandrian text-type: Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], Tischendorf 8th Edition 1864–94, Nestle 1904
εἰς τὰ ὅρια τῆς Ἰουδαίας διὰ τοῦ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου· (to the region/border of Judea by/through the [land] beyond the Jordan.) – Byz: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church

Mark 10:2

προσελθόντες Φαρισαῖοι (the Pharisees came) – A B K L Γ Δ Ψ ƒ13 28. 700. 892. 1010. 1079. 1546. 1646. Byz copbo goth
προσελθόντες οἱ Φαρισαῖοι (word order varies) – א C X
verse omitted by D a, b, d, k, r1, syrsin (syrcur)

Mark 10:47

Ναζαρηνός – B L W Δ Θ Ψ
Ναζορηνός – D
Ναζωρινός – 28
Ναζωραιός – א A C

1 Textual variants in Mark 11
Mark 11:26
Verse omitted by א B L W Δ Ψ 565. 700. 892. 1216. k, l, syrs,pal, cop
Verse included by K X Θ Π 28. Byz

1 Textual variants in Mark 12
Mark 12:19
τέκνον - אc2a B L W Δ Θ Codex Athous Lavrensis ƒ1:(1. 118. 205. 209. 872. 1582.) 579. 700. 892. 1093. 1342. 1654. 2193. 2542. 2786. 2886. it
τέκνα - 𝔓45 D ƒ13:(13. 69. 124. 346. 543. 788. 826. 828. 983. 1689.) 28. 427. 565. 732. 740. 792. 1424. 1542.s 1593. 950 Byz lat sys,h,p co go eth

1 Textual variants in Mark 13
Mark 13:32
οὐδὲ ὁ υἱός - All manuscripts except those cited below
omit - X 389. 983. 1273. 1689. vgms

5 Textual variants in Mark 14
Mark 14:30
πρὶν ἢ δὶς ἀλέκτορα φωνῆσαι (before that the rooster has crowed twice) – A Byz[18]
πρὶν ἀλέκτορα φωνῆσαι (before the rooster has crowed) – א[19] C* aeth, arm, Western text-type: D cu2 lat.afr-eur[18]

Mark 14:39

τὸν αὐτὸν λόγον εἰπών (spoke the same words) – omitted by D a, b, c, d, ff2, k, (syrcur)

Mark 14:68

καὶ άλέκτωρ ἐφώνησεν (and the rooster crowed) – inserted by Western and Byzantine text-types after προαύλιον; not found in Alexandrian text-type (א B L it, 17 c, me)[18]

Mark 14:72a

εὐθὺς (immediately) – Alexandrian text-type; omitted by Byz[20]
ἐκ δευτέρου (for the second time) – omitted by א c, L c, vg.cod[18]

Mark 14:72b

πριν αλεκτορα φωνηϲαι τριϲ με απαρνηϲη (before the rooster has crowed thrice me you will have denied) – א c;[21] several other mss also omit δίς (twice)[18]
mss such as A and Byz do include δίς (twice),[18] but in varying word orders:[20]
Πρὶν ἀλέκτορα δὶς φωνῆσαι τρίς με ἀπαρνήσῃ (before the rooster twice has crowed thrice me you will have denied) – Westcott and Hort 1881, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], Nestle 1904
Πρὶν ἀλέκτορα φωνῆσαι δίς, ἀπαρνήσῃ με τρίς (before the rooster has crowed twice, you will have denied me thrice) – Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550, Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Greek Orthodox Church
πρὶν ἀλέκτορα φωνῆσαι δὶς τρίς με ἀπαρνήσῃ (before the rooster has crowed twice thrice me you will have denied) – Tischendorf 8th Edition 1864–94

4 Textual variants in Mark 15
Mark 15:28
Verse omitted by א B C D Ψ k syrs cop

Mark 15:34 (see Ps 22:2)

ἐγκατέλιπές με (forsaken me) – א B Ψ 059 vg, syrs, p, copsa, bo, fay, geo
ἐγκατέλειπές με – L 0112 565. 892.
με ἐγκατέλιπες (see Mt 27:46) – C P, X Δ Θ Π2, ƒ1 ƒ13 28. 700. 1010. 1071. 1079. 1195. 1216. 1230. 1241. 1242. 1253. 1344. 1365. 1546. 1646. 2148. 2174. Byz, Lect, it, goth
με ἐγκατέλειπες – A Π*
με ἐγκατέλειπας – K 1009. ( 70)
με ἐγκατέλιπας – 33.
ὠνείδισάς με (insult me) – D itc, (i), k syh

Mark 15:40[22]

Μαρία ἡ Ἰακώβου τοῦ μικροῦ καὶ Ἰωσῆτος μήτηρ, (Mary the mother of James the Less and Joses,) – c2 B (ἡ Ἰωσῆτος) Δ Θ 0184 ƒ1 1542.s* 844
Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Ἰακώβου τοῦ μικροῦ καὶ Ἰωσῆ μήτηρ, (Mary the mother of James the Less and Joses,) – A Γ 700. 1241. Byz
The end of Mark in Vaticanus
The end of Mark in Vaticanus

Mark 15:47[23]

Μαρία ἡ Ἰωσῆτος (Mary the mother of Joses) – c2 B Δ Ψ* 083 ƒ1 syp, h
Μαρία Ἰωσῆ (Mary the mother of Joses) – 28. 205. 209. 273. 427. 579. 700. 732. 892. 1424. 1593. 2193.c 2738. 2886. 60(1) 387(1) 950 Byz

1 Textual variants in Mark 16
Mark 16:8-20
Entire pericope omitted by א B 304

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Metzger, Bruce Manning; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-516667-1.
  2. ^ Fox, Adam (1954). John Mill and Richard Bentley: A Study of the Textual Criticism of the New Testament 1675–1729. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. pp. 105–115.; Mill, John (1707). Novum Testamentum Graecum, cum lectionibus variantibus MSS. Oxford.
  3. ^ Gurry, Peter J. (2016). "The Number of Variants in the Greek New Testament: A Proposed Estimate". New Testament Studies. 62 (1): 113. doi:10.1017/S0028688515000314.
  4. ^ Metzger, Bruce Manning; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 54, 62–86, 102–103. ISBN 0-19-516667-1.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:1". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Mark 1:2 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:2". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  8. ^ a b c d e f J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:4". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:5". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  10. ^ a b J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:6". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  11. ^ a b c d e J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:7". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Markus 1:8". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b c d "Mark 1:8 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  14. ^ J.P. van de Giessen (2003). "Papyrus 137, p137, P.Oxy. 5345". bijbelaantekeningen.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  15. ^ INTF Mark 1:41
  16. ^ "Mark 6:3 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Mark 10:1 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Westcott and Hort (1882), Introduction and Appendix § 323.
  19. ^ codexsinaiticus.org Mark 14:30
  20. ^ a b "Mark 14:72 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  21. ^ codexsinaiticus.org Mark 14:72
  22. ^ "Mark 15:40 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  23. ^ "Mark 15:47 Text Analysis". Biblehub.com. Retrieved 1 September 2021.

Further reading